adjective closer, closest
- 1 1.1 (near) the closest bank is in Front Streetat close range o quarters closeel banco más próximo or cercano está en Front Street
tosomething/somebodythe closest city to Cambridgepróximo or cercano aalgo/alguiencerca dealgo/alguienla ciudad más próxima or cercana a Cambridgela ciudad que está más cerca de CambridgeExample sentences1.2 that was a close shave o call [colloquial]
se salvó ( or me salvé etc) por un pelo or por los pelos [colloquial]
- A move to the village would give the Duchess her independence while allowing her daughters to be in close proximity to their father.
- A few people, almost invariably working in close proximity to birds, have been infected and become seriously ill.
- It is much smoother and more intimate than the ballroom tango, with the couple's upper bodies close together and lower bodies apart.
- 2(link/connection)(contact)a close relativethey are close friendsun pariente cercanohis closeest friends and familyson amigos íntimosthey've always been very closesus amigos y familiares más allegadosa source close to the governmentsiempre han sido or (Spain) estado muy unidosthey were close collaboratorsfuentes allegadas or cercanas al gobiernomantenían una estrecha colaboraciónExample sentences
- He was close to tears in breaking the news to me over the telephone.
- Specialist poultry breeders are close to ruin because of the current outbreak of foot and mouth disease.
- I had a low point towards the end of last season and that is why I was close to leaving the club, but now I am at my best ever level.
- My close friend and confidante was my cousin Kitty, the closest to me in age and the only other girl.
- I enjoyed living in the country and valued the close friends I made there.
- Little by little however, she seemed to get comfortable with the fact that I wanted to be close and intimate with her.
- 3 (in similarity) See examples: it's not the same color but it's a close matchhe bears a close resemblance to his brotherno es el mismo color pero es casi igualthat's the closest thing to a hammer I've gottiene un gran parecido a or con su hermanose parece mucho a su hermanoesto es lo más parecido a un martillo que tengo
- 4 4.1(print)in close order (Military)4.2en formación cerrada(argument/reasoning)(translation)4.3(British English) (Sport)de pases cortosExample sentences4.4
- If the large crowd thought that the first half was a close contest the second half was to be an even closer affair.
- This left the overall result very close, but the winner was Steve Mascari with a total of 31 pts.
- I hope the matches this week are close, competitive and courteous.
- It was slow work, for the trees were close, and in places dense with the bare vines and stalks of undergrowth.
- He pulled out a sheet of thin blue paper covered in close type.
- If the agreement is in writing it may be in very close print on the back of a delivery docket or ticket.
- 5 (strictly guarded) See examples: it was kept a close secretse mantuvo en el más absoluto or riguroso secreto
- 6 (careful) to pay close attention to somethingto keep a close watch on something/somebodyprestar mucha atención a algoon closer inspection, I found that …vigilar algo/a alguien de cercaal mirarlo mejor or más de cerca vi que …Example sentences
- The best precautionary measure is close observation of the patient's condition.
- Again, Leonardo used his method of close observation to study how machines work.
- Doctors said she wakened after the surgery and was being kept under close observation.
- 7(contest/finish)it's going to be closehe finished a close secondva a estar muy reñidollegó en segundo lugar, muy cerca del ganador
- 8 (of weather, atmosphere)Example sentences
- It was in the middle of the afternoon that some people began to notice a change, it began to get close and unseasonably warm.
- As many as 30,000 people are crammed into close, hot and extremely humid quarters.
- At weddings and religious ceremonies where attendees were crowded and when the atmosphere was very close, these "portable air conditioners" were in great demand.
- 9 9.1 (mean, stingy) 9.2 (secretive) to be close
aboutsomethingshe's very close about what she did during the wares muy reacia a hablar de lo que hizo durante la guerraExample sentences
- The third part of the trilogy is being kept a close secret.
- They announced the pregnancy in January after their romance had been kept a close secret.
- And while this was being sorted out, the brotherhood tried to keep the problem a close secret.
- I've been begging her to let me meet you all for quite some time, but she's kept very close about it.
- She was quite close with money, and they often had horrendous arguments about spending.
adverb closer, closest
- 1 1.1 (in position) we must be close by nowthe car behind is very closeya debemos (de) estar cercaya debe faltar pocostay close or you'll get lostel coche de atrás viene muy pegadoto draw/get/come closeno te separes o te perderásdon't come any closer or I'll screamacercarsecloseno te me acerques más o me pongo a gritar
tosomething/somebodywe are closer to London than to Brightoncerca dealgo/alguiencome closer to the windowestamos más cerca de Londres que de Brightonto hold somebody closeacércate más a la ventanathey're following close behindabrazar a alguienphew, that was close!nos siguen de cerca1.2 (in time) See examples: it must be close to suppertime¡uf, nos salvamos por poco or por los pelos!our birthdays are very closeya casi debe ser la hora de la cenait's getting close to Christmasnuestros cumpleaños caen por las mismas fechas or muy cercase acerca la NavidadExample sentences
- She squealed, as he moved dangerously close to the edge of the pool.
- He just kissed my cheek and pulled me even closer to his chest.
- He smiled and Thomas and I leaned even closer to hear him as his voice dropped with each passing word.
- 2 (in intimacy) See examples: the tragedy brought them closer together o to each otherla tragedia los acercó or unió más
- 3 (in approximation) See examples: it's not my favorite, but it comes pretty closecloseno es mi favorito pero casi
tosomethingthe temperature is close to …he must be close to 50la temperatura es de cerca de or de casi …this production is close to the originaldebe tener cerca de or casi 50 añosdebe andar frisando (en) los 50that's the closest to an apology you'll getesta producción es fiel al originalthe industry is close to collapseeso es lo más parecido a una disculpa que vas a recibirhe was close to tearsla industria está al borde de la ruina
- 4 (carefully) See examples: on looking closer, I found …al mirar más de cerca or al fijarme mejor vi que …
- 6 (in phrases) 6.1close by we live close bywe'll pass close by our housevivimos cerca6.2close onit must be close on suppertimevamos a pasar cerca de nuestra casathere were close on 10,000 presentya casi debe ser la hora de la cena6.3close toI've never seen him close tohabía cerca de or casi 10.000 asistentesclose to 60,000 attendednunca lo he visto de cerca6.4close together his eyes are too close togetherasistieron cerca de 60.000 personasour birthdays are close togethertiene los ojos demasiado juntos6.5close up to look at something close upnuestros cumpleaños caen por las mismas fechas or muy cercamirar algo de cerca
- 1 (conclusion, end) to come/draw to a closeto bring something to a closellegar/acercarse a su finhe was born around the close of the 19th centuryponer or dar fin a algoat the close of day [literary] at the close of tradingnació a or hacia finales or fines del siglo XIXal cierreExample sentences
- The spirited crowd were said to be still dancing the night away when the ball drew to a close at 1 am.
- The incident was brought to a close at midnight when the man came down from the roof.
- The five-year project, which has disrupted many communities in Bradford, will draw to a close at the end of the year.
- If big news breaks after the close of trading, a late trade can land a quick profit - or avoid a big loss.
- Say a customer wanted to find out how many transactions it could run before the close of the stock market on a given day.
- Shares fell around three per cent at the close of trading yesterday.
- They had added an unbeaten 28 for the third wicket by the close.
- No more wickets fell before the close and Jaques ended unbeaten on 67.
- The declaration came with an hour of the fourth day remaining, and England grabbed the big wicket of Graeme Smith before the close.
- 2American English: /kloʊs/ British English: /kləʊs/ 2.1 (in residential area) 2.2 (of cathedral)Example sentences
- She has come a long way from the Aga saga and the cathedral close.
- The museum is in the heart of historic Salisbury, in the cathedral close.
- Stuff like this gives just as much pleasure as a cathedral close or a Regency arcade.
- There were no streets, only avenues, crescents and closes.
- Elsewhere, sober stone houses peek coyly at one and other across cobbled streets and evocative old closes.
- Around every corner lies another close, another lane, the bright sun throwing the rough stone walls into relief.
- 1 1.1(window/book/valve)he closed his mouth/eyes1.2cerró la boca/los ojos(pores/gash/gap)1.3 (Electricity)(circuit)Example sentences
- In this way, the capsule can open and close an electric circuit depending on the angle at which it is tipped.
- When the charges connect, effectively closing a circuit, electric energy flows along that jagged path.
- An electric circuit seemed to close, and a spark flashed forth.
- I clapped the two sides of my book together to close it, hiding the note within its pages.
- She closed her lips together when swallowing and dabbed her mouth when necessary to clear any excessive spillage from her lips.
- ‘I am,’ said Vilma, closing her diary and folding her arms.
- 2 (block, deny access to)(road/channel/checkpoint)the square is to be closed to trafficto close one's ears to somethingvan a cerrar la plaza al tráficoyou shouldn't close your mind to the ideahacer oídos sordos a algono deberías cerrarte en banda a la idea or rechazar completamente la ideaExample sentences
- If there's a security hole in a piece of software, the hole can be closed or mitigated.
- The authors used a platelet function analyser that timed platelets aggregating into a plug big enough to close a small hole in a membrane.
- The only solution is surgery to close the hole and reinforce the spot.
- 3 3.1 (halt operations) the airport has been closed because of bad weather3.2 (terminate, wind up)han cerrado el aeropuerto debido al mal tiempo(shop/branch/file/account)Example sentences
- For these reasons, it was my decision to advise that the case against her be closed at the screening stage…
- Light refreshments will be served, with the meeting closing at 8pm.
- Refreshments were served by Beatrice and Betty Foster and the meeting closed at 9.30 pm.
- 4 (conclude)(deal)(debate/meeting)they closed the concert with …poner fin ael concierto se cerró con …Example sentences
- I am satisfied that the vendor had satisfied its obligations and was ready to close the transaction.
- If the deal had not been closed by this deadline, the BCC would have invited Erste Bank to negotiations.
- Usually the tourists are attracted by the better rate and find out they have been tricked after the deal has been closed.
- 1 1.1(door/window)the door closedthe door doesn't close properly her eyes closed and she fell asleepla puerta se cerró1.2se le cerraron los ojos y se quedó dormida(gap/crack/wound)the darkness closed around himcerrarse1.3 (fold shut)la oscuridad lo envolvió(flower)his hands closed around my throatcerrarseme rodeó el cuello con las manosExample sentences
- Looking to the mouth of the alleyway Carl saw the woman in the blue dress climb into the limo and watched as the door closed and the window came down.
- When I heard the door close I moved back farther on the bed to where the pillows were and cried into them.
- In spite of Mrs Major locking all the doors, back and front and closing all the handy windows… they got in.
- 2 2.1 (stop service, trading)(shop/library/museum)at what time do you close? 2.2 (cease operations)(factory/shipyard/shop)Example sentences
- The pair are campaigning for the reopening of the small police station, which closed to the public several years ago.
- International travel would be stopped, schools closed and large public gatherings banned.
- Most nurseries closed to the public in the winter months.
- 3 3.1 (finish, end) 3.2 (Finance)(prices/shares)3.3also: closing present participle(years/remarks/words)in the closing minutes of the gameclosing price (Finance)en los últimos minutos or en los minutos finales del partidoExample sentences
- In closing, a word of thanks for your tireless efforts in keeping us all informed of the latest UFO sightings.
- I do not intend to take my full 10 minutes on this call, but I want to say a few words in closing as we members of the House speak in the third reading.
- In closing, I speculate that writing such a book is an unenviable task; it just invites criticism.
- 4 (approach)to closeacercarse
onsomething/somebodydefenders were closing on him from all sidesacercarse aalgo/alguienlos defensas lo estaban cercandoExample sentences
- At this point the battleship King George V was only 200 miles away and closing fast.
- Ten minutes had gone and the Kilkenny boys had yet to threaten the Offaly goal, St Brendanís were closing and closing fast.
- Fergal Lynch, who is closing fast on his maiden century of winners, takes the mount on Gaelic Princess, who is expected to have too much speed for her rivals.
- 1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
- (reduce gap)
- 1verb + adverb 1.1
- 1.1 (engage)
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Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
Opus Dei - Latin for "God's Work" - is a Catholic organization founded in Spain in 1928. The Opus became very influential in Spanish society, above all by founding schools and universities. The aim was to create an élite which would spread Christian ideals throughout society. The University of Navarre is one of its foremost institutions.