- 1 [connected/associated] estrechamente we are closely related somos parientes cercanos those ideas are closely related esas ideas están muy relacionadas entre sí or muy emparentadas they worked closely with the French trabajaron en estrecha colaboración con los franceses
- 2 2.1 (densely) [written] con letra apretada a closely woven fabric un tejido muy tupido or de trama muy cerrada we were very closely packed in the taxi íbamos muy apretados en el taxi the room was closely packed la habitación estaba atestada de gente 2.2 (precisely) [reasoned/defined] rigurosamente
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peronismo is a political movement, known officially as justicialismo, named for the populist politician Colonel Juan Domingo Perón, elected President of Argentina in 1946. An admirer of Italian fascism, Perón claimed always to be a champion of the workers and the poor, the descamisados (shirtless ones), to whom his first wife Eva Duarte (`Evita') became a kind of icon, especially after her death in 1952. Although he instituted some social reforms, Perón's regime proved increasingly repressive and he was ousted by the army in 1955. He returned from exile to become president in 1973, but died in office a year later. The Partido Justicialista has governed Argentina almost continuously since 1989, under Presidents Carlos Menem, Néstor Kirchner, and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Néstor Kirchner's widow, who was re-elected President in 2011.