There are 3 translations of do in Spanish:

do1

(3rd pers sing pres does pres p, doing past, did past p, done)
Pronunciation: /duː; weak form dʊ; də/

vt

  • 1 (to perform an action) hacer* do something! ¡haz algo! and do you know what she did? ¿y sabes lo que hizo? they've done absolutely nothing no han hecho absolutamente nada are you doing anything this evening? ¿vas a hacer algo esta noche? to have something/nothing to do tener* algo/no tener* nada que hacer don't do anything I wouldn't do! [humorístico/humorous] ¡pórtate bien! you did the right thing hiciste lo correcto it was a silly thing to do fue una estupidez it's very much the thing to do es lo que hay que hacer or lo que se impone, es lo 'in' [familiar/colloquial] now, would I do a thing like that? vamos ¿me crees capaz de una cosa así? don't, whatever you do, forget to … hagas lo que hagas, no te olvides de … what's the weather doing? [colloquial/familiar] ¿qué tal está el tiempo? [familiar/colloquial] what are your boots doing in here? ¿qué hacen aquí tus botas? I don't like what you're up to — well, what are you going to do about it? no me gustan las cosas en que andas — ¿ah, no? ¿y qué vas a hacer al respecto? what is she doing about getting a job? ¿qué está haciendo para conseguir trabajo? after all I've done for them! ¡después de todo lo que he hecho por ellos! what can I do for you, sir? [formal] ¿en qué le puedo servir, caballero? [formal] can I do anything to help? ¿puedo ayudar en algo? he does a lot for charity participa mucho en obras de caridad the things people do for entertainment! ¡las cosas que hace la gente para divertirse! what have you done to your hair? ¿qué te has hecho en el pelo? what did you do to your sister? ¿qué le hiciste a tu hermana? that's what having a lot of money does to you eso es lo que le pasa a la gente cuando tiene mucho dinero what have I done to deserve this? ¿qué he hecho yo para merecer esto? I don't know what I'm going to do with you! ¡no sé qué voy a hacer contigo! what have you been doing with yourself? ¿qué has estado haciendo? see also do with
  • 2 2.1 (to carry out) [job/task] hacer* when are you going to get your homework done? ¿cuándo vas a hacer los deberes? what do you want done? ¿qué quiere que haga? tell me what needs doing dime qué hay que hacer who does the cooking? ¿quién cocina? let me do the talking déjame hablar a mí well done! ¡muy bien! 2.2 [push-ups/tricks] hacer*; [crossword/sum] hacer* you can do that in your head eso se puede hacer mentalmente to do a Tarzan/Frank Sinatra [colloq & hum] hacer* como Tarzán/Frank Sinatra
  • 3 (as one's job, profession, function) what do you do? — I'm in advertising ¿usted qué hace or a qué se dedica? — trabajo en publicidad what does your father do for a living? ¿en qué trabaja tu padre? what does the thyroid gland/this lever do? ¿para qué sirve or qué función cumple la tiroides/esta palanca?
  • 4 (to achieve, to bring about) she's done it: it's a new world record lo ha logrado: es una nueva marca mundial one blow should do it con un golpe debería ser suficiente it was climbing those stairs that did it fue por subir esa escalera now you've done it! ¡ahora sí que la has hecho buena! [irónico/ironical] he's late again: that does it! vuelve a llegar tarde ¡esto ya es la gota que colma el vaso! what is locking him up going to do? ¿qué se gana con encerrarlo? the antibiotics aren't doing anything los antibióticos no están surtiendo ningún efecto his rudeness did little to improve the situation su grosería no contribuyó a mejorar las cosas, que digamosto do sth for sb/sth that mustache really does something for him la verdad es que le queda muy bien el bigote what has EU membership done for Greece? ¿en qué ha beneficiado a Grecia ser miembro de la UE? I followed his advice and look what it's done for me seguí su consejo y mira cómo me ha ido or qué he conseguido jazz doesn't do anything for me el jazz no me atrae or no me dice nada
  • 5 (to attend to) [customer] atender* I'll do you next ahora la atiendo a usted
  • 6 6.1 (to look after, to arrange, to repair) I have to do my nails me tengo que arreglar las uñas she had her hair done se hizo peinar who does your hair? ¿quién te peina?, ¿a qué peluquería vas? we had someone in to do the kitchen hicimos pintar ( or empapelar etc) la cocina I can't do the car myself yo no sé arreglar el coche 6.2 (to clean) [dishes] lavar; [brass/windows] limpiar I haven't done my teeth yet todavía no me he lavado los dientes 6.3 (to prepare, to arrange) preparar would you do the carrots? ¿me preparas ( or pelas etc) las zanahorias? they did the flowers for the wedding ellos hicieron los arreglos florales para la boda
  • 7 7.1 (to make, to produce) [meal] preparar, hacer* 7.2 [drawings/translations/interviews] hacer* she's done several films ha hecho varias películas he doesn't do live concerts any more ya no da más conciertos en vivo
  • 8 (BrE) 8.1 (to provide) do you do breakfasts? ¿sirven desayunos? we do student reductions hacemos descuentos a estudiantes they do a set meal for £12 tienen un menú de 12 libras 8.2 (to provide for) [colloquial/familiar] atender*
  • 9 (to be adequate for, to suit) two shirts will do me con dos camisas me alcanza or tengo suficiente
  • 10 (when expressing speeds, distances) the other car was doing 100 mph el otro coche iba a 100 millas por hora the car has only done 4,000 miles el coche solo tiene 4.000 millas this model does 45 miles per gallon este modelo da 45 millas por galón we did 500 km in four hours hicimos 500 km en cuatro horas
  • 11 11.1 (to study) estudiar we're doing Balzac/the digestive system estamos estudiando Balzac/el aparato digestivo 11.2 [colloquial/familiar] (to visit) [sights/museum] visitar they did three capitals in two days visitaron or [familiar/colloquial] se hicieron tres capitales en dos días we did Europe last year el año pasado recorrimos Europa
  • 12 [Theater] 12.1 (to play role of) hacer* el papel de 12.2 (to take part in) [play] actuar* en 12.3 (to perform at) [the Astoria/the Playhouse] (BrE) actuar* en 12.4 (to impersonate) imitar
  • 13 [colloquial/familiar] (to serve) 13.1 (time in prison) cumplir he's doing eight years for armed robbery está cumpliendo ocho años por atraco a mano armada 13.2 (in a posting) I did six months in Panama estuve destinado seis meses en Panamá
  • 14 (BrE) [colloquial/familiar] 14.1 (to catch, to prosecute) agarrar they can do you for possession te pueden agarrar (AmL) or (esp Esp) coger por posesión he was done for speeding le encajaron una multa por exceso de velocidad [familiar/colloquial] 14.2 (to cheat) estafar, timar I've been done! ¡me han estafado or timado! 14.3 (to beat up) darle* una paliza a I'll do you! ¡te voy a dar una paliza! 14.4 (to rob) [bank/house] robar
  • 15 [slang] (to use) to do drugs drogarse*, consumir drogas
  • 16 [colloquial/familiar] 16.1 (to finish) terminar are o (esp BrE) have you done complaining? ¿has terminado de quejarte? 16.2 (to exhaust) (BrE) [colloquial/familiar], dejar hecho polvo [familiar/colloquial]

vi

  • 1 (to act, to behave) hacer* do as you're told! ¡haz lo que se te dice! do as I say, not as I do haz lo que yo digo, pero no lo que yo hago you did well to tell me hiciste bien en decírmelo she'd do better to keep quiet sería mejor que se callara
  • 2 (to be getting along, to manage) how are you doing? ¿qué tal estás or andas or te va? how do you do? (as greeting) mucho gusto, encantado/encantada how do? [colloq & dial] ¿qué tal? mother and child are doing well madre e hijo se encuentran muy bien she's doing well after her operation se está recuperando bien después de su operación how am I doing? — you're doing fine! ¿qué tal voy? — ¡vas muy bien! how's the bread/meat doing? ¿cómo va el pan/la carne? azaleas don't do well here las azaleas no se dan bien aquí how are we doing for time/cash? ¿cómo or qué tal vamos or andamos de tiempo/dinero? she did well/badly in her exams le fue bien/mal en los exámenes you did well to get into the finals llegar a las finales ya fue todo un logro he's done well for himself ha sabido abrirse camino to do well/badly out of sth salir* bien/mal parado de algo
  • 3 (to go on, to happen) [colloquial/familiar] (in -ing form) what's doing? ¿qué pasa?, ¿qué hay? [familiar/colloquial] there's nothing doing in town no pasa nada en el pueblo couldn't you lend me $20? — nothing doing! ¿no me podrías prestar $20? — ¡ni hablar! I asked her but … nothing doing! se lo pedí, pero no hubo forma or (AmL tb) ni modo
  • 4 4.1 (to be suitable, acceptable) look, this simply will not do! ¡mira, esto no puede ser! it's not ideal, but it'll do no es lo ideal, pero sirve will this suit do? ¿te parece que este traje está bien? I'm afraid I can't manage it today — that's OK, tomorrow will do fine! lo siento, pero hoy no puedo — no importa, mañana da igual I'm not going to cook, bread and cheese will do for them! no pienso cocinar, se tendrán que conformar con pan y queso it doesn't do to get emotional no hay que ponerse sentimental 4.2 (to serve as)to do for oas sth this box will do for a table esta caja nos servirá de mesa fruit will do as dessert y de postre, ya nos arreglaremos con fruta
  • 5 (to be enough) ser* suficiente, alcanzar*, estar* bien one egg will do for me un huevo es suficiente para mí, con un huevo me alcanza that'll do! shut up! ¡basta! ¡cállate la boca!
  • 6 (to finish) (in past p) terminar are o (BrE) have you done? ¿has terminado? I'm not o (BrE) I haven't done yet! no he terminado todavía

v aux

Where do is used as an auxiliary verb, the Spanish verb on its own translates both the auxiliary and the principal verbs: she didn't come no vino; does he know?¿lo sabe?Note that in spoken Spanish a question is indicated by intonation.

El verbo auxiliar do se usa para formar el negativo (I 1) y el interrogativo (I 2) , para agregar énfasis (I 3) o para sustituir a un verbo usado anteriormente (II)
  • 1 (in elliptical use) do you live here? — yes, I do/no, I don't ¿vives aquí? — sí/no did you suspect her at the time? — I did, yes ¿sospechaste de ella en aquel momento? — pues sí she wanted to come, but he didn't ella quería venir, pero él no you don't have to stay, but she does tú no te tienes que quedar, pero ella sí tell Jim — will do! [colloquial/familiar] dile a Jim — ¡se lo diré! do you like ice cream? — you bet I do! ¿te gustan los helados? — ¡si me gustarán … ! did you enjoy yourself? — did I ever! ¿te divertiste? — ¡si me habré divertido … ! she found it in your drawer — oh, did she? lo encontró en tu cajón — ¿ah, sí? I love Mozart; don't you? me encanta Mozart, ¿a tí no? I don't need a haircut — yes, you do! no necesito cortarme el pelo — ¡cómo que no! I didn't say that! — you did! yo no dije eso — sí, señor (, lo dijiste) you cheated! — I didn't! hiciste trampa — no, señor (, no hice trampa) or [familiar/colloquial] ¡qué va! I won! — no, you didn't! — did! — didn't! ¡gané yo! — ¡no! — ¡que sí! — ¡que no! she says she understands, but she doesn't dice que comprende, pero no es así I don't know why I dislike him: I just do! no sé por qué me cae mal: simplemente porque sí or (AmL tb) porque sí nomás I want to be rich: who doesn't? quiero ser rico: ¿quién no? I think I deserve more than the others — oh, you do, do you? creo que me merezco más que los demás — ¿ah, sí? ¡no me digas! I expect they resent my presence as I do theirs me imagino que a ellos les molesta mi presencia tanto como a mí la suya I didn't read that chapter — you ought to have done (BrE) no leí ese capítulo — deberías haberlo leído or hecho will you write to her? — I may (well) do ¿le vas a escribir? — posiblemente I play the clarinet and so does she o she does too yo toco el clarinete y ella también she doesn't smoke and neither do I o I don't either (ella) no fuma y yo tampoco I think it's ridiculous — so do I me parece ridículo — a mí también I don't want to go — nor o neither do I no quiero ir — yo tampoco I love it — really? I don't me encanta — ¿de veras?, a mí no I don't like her music — I do no me gusta su música — a mí sí
  • 2 2.1 (used to form the negative) I do not o don't know no sé she does not o doesn't want to no quiere I did not o didn't see her no la vi don't let's fool ourselves no nos engañemos oh, don't let's be arguing when … [colloquial/familiar] mira, no perdamos el tiempo discutiendo cuando … do not touch! no tocar but honey … — don't (you) 'honey' me! pero querida … — ¡no me vengas con zalamerías! 2.2 (with inversion after negative adverbs) not once did he apologize no se disculpó ni siquiera una vez not only does it cost more, it also … no solo cuesta más, sino que también …
  • 3 3.1 (used to form the interrogative) does this belong to you? ¿esto es tuyo? did I frighten you? ¿te asusté? don't you agree? ¿no estás de acuerdo?, ¿no te parece? did I not warn you that … ? ¿(acaso) no te advertí que … ? 3.2 (in exclamations) doesn't it make you sick! ¡dime si no es asqueante! does that man get on my nerves! ¡cómo me saca de quicio ese hombre! boy, do you need a bath! ¡Dios mío! ¡qué falta te hace un baño!
  • 4 4.1 (for emphasis) you do exaggerate! ¡cómo exageras! you must admit, she did look ill tienes que reconocer que tenía mala cara and yes, I did write that letter y sí, sí que escribí esa carta when she did at last arrive … cuando por fin llegó … do be quiet! ¿te quieres callar? do please help yourself sírvete por favor she said she'd succeed and succeed she did dijo que triunfaría y lo cierto es que así fue 4.2 (when expressing alternatives) I haven't decided, but if I do accept … todavía no lo he decidido, pero si aceptara … 4.3 (when expressing contradictions) since you didn't ask me … — but I did ask you! como no me lo pediste … — ¡pero sí te lo pedí! you don't care what I think — but I do care! a ti no te importa lo que pienso yo — ¡pero claro que me importa! 4.4 (in oaths, wills, affidavits etc) I, Charles Brown, do solemnly swear that … yo, Charles Brown, juro solemnemente que … 4.5 (in the marriage service) to say “I do” dar el “sí, quiero”
  • 5 (in tag questions) you know Bob, don't you? conoces a Bob ¿no? or ¿verdad? or ¿no es cierto? I told you, didn't I? te lo dije ¿no? or ¿no es cierto? that's your trouble: you just don't think, do you? eso es lo que pasa contigo ¡que no piensas!

Phrasal verbs

do away with

v + adv + prep + o
1.1 (abolish) [privilege/tax] abolir*, suprimir; [need] eliminar, acabar con 1.2 (kill) [colloquial/familiar] eliminar, liquidar [familiar/colloquial] to do away with oneself suicidarse, matarse

do by

v + adv compl + prep + o
his concern to do well by his son su preocupación por hacer todo lo posible por su hijo she didn't do badly by us (we treated her well) no se puede quejar de como la tratamos (she treated us well) no nos trató mal she feels hard done by siente que la han tratado injustamente do as you would be done by trata a los demás como tú quisieras ser tratado

do down

v + o + adv, v + adv + o (BrE)
menospreciar, hacer* de menos

do for

v + prep + o
1.1 (contrive) (usu in interrog) what did you do for money/food? ¿de dónde sacaste dinero/comida? 1.2 (cause collapse of) (BrE) that last hill did for me esa última cuesta acabó conmigo the last attack nearly did for him el último ataque casi lo mata to be done for (also AmE) [colloquial/familiar] they've spotted us, we're done for! ¡nos han visto, estamos perdidos! we've been walking for hours, I'm absolutely done for! hemos caminado horas, estoy agotado or [familiar/colloquial] molido or [familiar/colloquial] hecho polvo 1.3 (in house) (BrE) she does for us on Mondays viene a limpiar a casa los lunes

do in

v + o + adv, v + adv + o [colloquial/familiar]
1.1 (kill) eliminar, liquidar [familiar/colloquial], cargarse* (Esp) [familiar/colloquial] 1.2 (tire out) agotar, reventar* [familiar/colloquial] to be done in estar* agotado or [familiar/colloquial] reventado or [familiar/colloquial] molido or [familiar/colloquial] hecho polvo 1.3 (injure, ruin) (BrE) [back/shoulder] hacerse* daño en, embromarse (AmS) [familiar/colloquial]; [engine/shoe] estropear, arruinar (CS) , cargarse* (Esp) [familiar/colloquial]

do out

v + o + adv, v + adv + o
1.1 (clean out) (BrE) [room] hacer* una limpieza a fondo de 1.2 (decorate) (esp BrE) the bedroom was done out in pink el dormitorio estaba pintado de/empapelado en rosa

do out of

v + o + adv + prep + o
[colloquial/familiar] quitar, birlar he was done out of his share le quitaron or le birlaron su parte

do over

v + o + adv, v + adv + o 1.1 [room/house] (redecorate) volver* a pintar/empapelar; (changing furnishings) decorar 1.2 (beat up) (BrE) [slang/argot], darle* una paliza a, sacarle* la mugre a (AmL) [familiar/colloquial] 1.1v + o + adv (do again) (AmE) volver* a hacer

do up

v + o + adv, v + adv + o
1.1 (fasten) [coat/necklace/button] abrochar; [zipper] subir do up your tie hazle el nudo de la corbata do your shoes up átate or (AmL tb) amárrate (los cordones de) los zapatos, amárrate las agujetas (Méx) or (Per) los pasadores she wears her hair done up lleva el pelo recogido 1.2 (wrap up) [parcel] envolver* 1.3 (dress up) [colloquial/familiar] she was all done up estaba muy elegante 1.4 [colloquial/familiar] [house] arreglar (pintando, empapelando etc)

do with

v + prep + o
(benefit from) (with can, could) that door could do with a coat of paint no le vendría mal una mano de pintura a esa puerta you could do with a change te hace falta or te vendría bien un cambio 1.1 (expressing connection) to have/be sth to do with sth/sb I don't want to have anything to do with this business yo no quiero tener nada que ver con este asunto she wants to see you, it's something to do with tomorrow's meeting quiere hablar contigo, se trata de algo relacionado con la reunión de mañana anything to do with trains interests him le interesa todo lo que tenga que ver or esté relacionado con trenes what has that got to do with it? ¿y eso qué tiene que ver? what's that (got) to do with you? ¿a ti qué te importa? it's to do with your son se trata de su hijo it's nothing to do with you! no es nada que te concierna or que te importe a ti if it were anything to do with me I'd … si fuera por mí, yo … I've had nothing to do with my family for years hace años que no tengo ningún contacto con mi familia

do without

v + adv, v + prep + o
I don't think we can do without this machine no creo que podamos prescindir de or arreglarnos sin esta máquina you really think you could do without me? ¿de verdad piensas que no me necesitas? you'll just have to do without, like everyone else te las tendrás que arreglar, como todos los demás I can o could do without your interfering! ¡no necesito or no me hace falta que te vengas a entrometer! her coming to stay is something I can do without! ¡ni falta que me hace que ella se venga a quedar!

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Word of the day caudillo
m
leader …
Cultural fact of the day

The most famous celebrations of Holy Week in the Spanish-speaking world are held in Seville. Lay brotherhoods, cofradías, process through the city in huge parades between Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday. Costaleros bear the pasos, huge floats carrying religious figures made of painted wood. Others, nazarenos (Nazarenes) and penitentes (penitents) walk alongside the pasos, in their distinctive costumes. During the processions they sing saetas, flamenco verses mourning Christ's passion. The Seville celebrations date back to the sixteenth century.

There are 3 translations of do in Spanish:

do2

Pronunciation: /duː/

n (pl dos)

  • 2 (state of affairs) [colloquial/familiar] (no pl) it's a poor do if we can't even get fifty people sería realmente deprimente que no vinieran ni 50 personas it's a rum do [dated] ¡qué cosa más rara! [familiar/colloquial] fair dos (BrE) [colloquial/familiar] I don't call that fair dos para mí eso no es justicia fair dos all round a partes iguales para todos (as interj) ¡seamos justos!
  • 3do's and don'ts (rules) normas (fpl) the do's and don'ts of foreign travel qué hacer y qué evitar cuando se viaja al extranjero

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Word of the day caudillo
m
leader …
Cultural fact of the day

The most famous celebrations of Holy Week in the Spanish-speaking world are held in Seville. Lay brotherhoods, cofradías, process through the city in huge parades between Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday. Costaleros bear the pasos, huge floats carrying religious figures made of painted wood. Others, nazarenos (Nazarenes) and penitentes (penitents) walk alongside the pasos, in their distinctive costumes. During the processions they sing saetas, flamenco verses mourning Christ's passion. The Seville celebrations date back to the sixteenth century.

There are 3 translations of do in Spanish:

do3

Pronunciation: /dəʊ/

n (pl dos)

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Word of the day caudillo
m
leader …
Cultural fact of the day

The most famous celebrations of Holy Week in the Spanish-speaking world are held in Seville. Lay brotherhoods, cofradías, process through the city in huge parades between Palm Sunday and Easter Sunday. Costaleros bear the pasos, huge floats carrying religious figures made of painted wood. Others, nazarenos (Nazarenes) and penitentes (penitents) walk alongside the pasos, in their distinctive costumes. During the processions they sing saetas, flamenco verses mourning Christ's passion. The Seville celebrations date back to the sixteenth century.