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do 1

transitive verb 3rd person singular present does present participle doing past tense did past participle done

American English: /du/
British English: /duː/
  • 1
    (to perform an action)
    hacer
    do something!
    ¡haz algo!
    and do you know what she did?
    ¿y sabes lo que hizo?
    they've done absolutely nothing
    no han hecho absolutamente nada
    are you doing anything this evening?
    ¿vas a hacer algo esta noche?
    to have something/nothing to do
    tener algo/no tener nada que hacer
    don't do anything I wouldn't do! [humorous]
    ¡pórtate bien!
    you did the right thing
    hiciste lo correcto
    it was a silly thing to do
    fue una estupidez
    it's very much the thing to do
    es lo que hay que hacer or lo que se impone
    es lo 'in' [colloquial]
    now, would I do a thing like that?
    vamos ¿me crees capaz de una cosa así?
    don't, whatever you do, forget to …
    hagas lo que hagas, no te olvides de …
    what's the weather doing? [colloquial]
    ¿qué tal está el tiempo? [colloquial]
    what are your boots doing in here?
    ¿qué hacen aquí tus botas?
    I don't like what you're up to — well, what are you going to do about it?
    no me gustan las cosas en que andas — ¿ah, no? ¿y qué vas a hacer al respecto?
    what is she doing about getting a job?
    ¿qué está haciendo para conseguir trabajo?
    after all I've done for them!
    ¡después de todo lo que he hecho por ellos!
    what can I do for you, sir? [formal]
    ¿en qué le puedo servir, caballero? [formal]
    can I do anything to help? he does a lot for charity
    participa mucho en obras de caridad
    the things people do for entertainment!
    ¡las cosas que hace la gente para divertirse!
    what have you done to your hair?
    ¿qué te has hecho en el pelo?
    what did you do to your sister?
    ¿qué le hiciste a tu hermana?
    that's what having a lot of money does to you
    eso es lo que le pasa a la gente cuando tiene mucho dinero
    what have I done to deserve this?
    ¿qué he hecho yo para merecer esto?
    I don't know what I'm going to do with you!
    ¡no sé qué voy a hacer contigo!
    what have you been doing with yourself?
    ¿qué has estado haciendo?
    see also do with
    Example sentences
    • Mum got back from holiday and said the house was so clean it didn't feel lived in.
    • This man noted in his diary that he did not usually lose his temper with servants.
    • The pain is usually felt on both sides may come on suddenly or gradually, and does not usually occur every day.
  • 2 2.1
    (to carry out) (job/task)
    hacer
    when are you going to get your homework done?
    ¿cuándo vas a hacer los deberes?
    what do you want done?
    ¿qué quiere que haga?
    tell me what needs doing
    dime qué hay que hacer
    who does the cooking?
    ¿quién cocina?
    let me do the talking
    déjame hablar a mí
    well done!
    ¡muy bien!
    2.2
    (push-ups/tricks)
    hacer
    (crossword/sum)
    hacer
    you can do that in your head
    eso se puede hacer mentalmente
    to do a Tarzan/Frank Sinatra [colloquial] [humorous]
    hacer como Tarzán/Frank Sinatra
  • 3 (as one's job, profession, function) what do you do? — I'm in advertising
    ¿usted qué hace or a qué se dedica? — trabajo en publicidad
    what does your father do for a living?
    ¿en qué trabaja tu padre?
    what does the thyroid gland/this lever do?
    ¿para qué sirve or qué función cumple la tiroides/esta palanca?
  • 4 (to achieve, to bring about) she's done it: it's a new world record
    lo ha logrado: es una nueva marca mundial
    one blow should do it
    con un golpe debería ser suficiente
    it was climbing those stairs that did it
    fue por subir esa escalera
    now you've done it!
    ¡ahora sí que la has hecho buena! [irónico]
    he's late again: that does it!
    vuelve a llegar tarde ¡esto ya es la gota que colma el vaso!
    what is locking him up going to do?
    ¿qué se gana con encerrarlo?
    the antibiotics aren't doing anything
    los antibióticos no están surtiendo ningún efecto
    his rudeness did little to improve the situation
    su grosería no contribuyó a mejorar las cosas, que digamos
    to do something for somebody/somethingthat mustache really does something for him
    la verdad es que le queda muy bien el bigote
    what has EU membership done for Greece?
    ¿en qué ha beneficiado a Grecia ser miembro de la UE?
    I followed his advice and look what it's done for me
    seguí su consejo y mira cómo me ha ido or qué he conseguido
    jazz doesn't do anything for me
    el jazz no me atrae or no me dice nada
  • 5
    (to attend to) (customer)
    atender
    I'll do you next
    ahora la atiendo a usted
  • 6 6.1 (to look after, to arrange, to repair) I have to do my nails
    me tengo que arreglar las uñas
    she had her hair done
    se hizo peinar
    who does your hair?
    ¿quién te peina?
    ¿a qué peluquería vas?
    we had someone in to do the kitchen
    hicimos pintar ( or empapelar etc) la cocina
    I can't do the car myself
    yo no sé arreglar el coche
    6.2
    (to clean) (dishes)
    lavar
    (brass/windows)
    limpiar
    I haven't done my teeth yet
    todavía no me he lavado los dientes
    Example sentences
    • Yes, it does seem impossible that my cat could sleep more than he already does, but it is true.
    • Looks like he's going to be spending even more time on the bench than he does already.
    • This is going to affect myself and other residents even more than it does already.
    6.3
    (to prepare, to arrange)
    preparar
    would you do the carrots?
    ¿me preparas ( or pelas etc) las zanahorias?
    they did the flowers for the wedding
    ellos hicieron los arreglos florales para la boda
  • 7 7.1
    (to make, to produce) (meal)
    preparar
    hacer
    7.2
    (drawings/translations/interviews)
    hacer
    she's done several films
    ha hecho varias películas
    he doesn't do live concerts any more
    ya no da más conciertos en vivo
    Example sentences
    • Rarely does a new Ring cycle begin with such confidence and lucidity, on stage and in the pit.
    • He first searches to find where Josh is up to and only then does he begin to teach.
    • Only at the turn of this year did he begin to secure headlines with his mouth shut.
  • 8 (British English) 8.1 (to provide) do you do breakfasts?
    ¿sirven desayunos?
    we do student reductions
    hacemos descuentos a estudiantes
    they do a set meal for £12
    tienen un menú de 12 libras
    8.2 (to provide for) [colloquial]
    Example sentences
    • He did seem very tired in the bath though so I think we might need to work on his stamina.
    • The film has a positive message because Bella does find friendship and love.
    • In the final act, the film does deliver a few surprises, but by that point it's far too late.
  • 9 (to be adequate for, to suit) two shirts will do me
    con dos camisas me alcanza or tengo suficiente
  • 10 (when expressing speeds, distances) the other car was doing 100 mph
    el otro coche iba a 100 millas por hora
    the car has only done 4,000 miles
    el coche solo tiene 4.000 millas
    this model does 45 miles per gallon
    este modelo da 45 millas por galón
    we did 500 km in four hours
    hicimos 500 km en cuatro horas
  • 11 11.1
    (to study)
    estudiar
    we're doing Balzac/the digestive system
    estamos estudiando Balzac/el aparato digestivo
    11.2 [colloquial]
    (to visit) (sights/museum)
    visitar
    they did three capitals in two days
    visitaron or [colloquial] se hicieron tres capitales en dos días
    we did Europe last year
    el año pasado recorrimos Europa
  • 12 (Theater) 12.1
    (to play role of)
    hacer el papel de
    12.2
    (to take part in) (play)
    actuar en
    Example sentences
    • You do like champagne, don't you, Charles?
    • You do understand, don't you?
    • I look all right, don't I?
    Example sentences
    • ‘Don't say that,’ I spat, ‘What do you know of it? Nothing!’
    • Don't forget you have to earn money before you can spend it.
    • You two kids have fun, and don't stay out too late.
    12.3
    (to perform at) (the Astoria/the Playhouse) (British English)
    actuar en
    12.4
    (to impersonate)
    imitar
  • 13 [colloquial] (to serve) 13.1 (time in prison) he's doing eight years for armed robbery
    está cumpliendo ocho años por atraco a mano armada
    13.2 (in a posting)I did six months in Panama
    estuve destinado seis meses en Panamá
  • 14 (British English) [colloquial] 14.1
    (to catch, to prosecute)
    agarrar
    they can do you for possession
    te pueden agarrar (Latin America) or (especially Spain) coger por posesión
    he was done for speeding
    le encajaron una multa por exceso de velocidad [colloquial]
    14.2
    (to cheat)
    estafar
    timar
    I've been done!
    ¡me han estafado or timado!
    14.3
    (to beat up)
    darle una paliza a
    I'll do you!
    ¡te voy a dar una paliza!
    14.4
    (to rob) (bank/house)
    robar
  • 15 [slang] (to use)to do drugs
    drogarse
    consumir drogas
  • 16 [colloquial] 16.1
    (to finish)
    terminar
    are o (especially British English) have you done complaining?
    ¿has terminado de quejarte?
    16.2
    (to exhaust) (British English) [colloquial]
    dejar hecho polvo [colloquial]

intransitive verb 3rd person singular present does present participle doing past tense did past participle done

American English: /du/
British English: /duː/
  • 1
    (to act, to behave)
    hacer
    do as you're told!
    ¡haz lo que se te dice!
    do as I say, not as I do
    haz lo que yo digo, pero no lo que yo hago
    you did well to tell me she'd do better to keep quiet
    sería mejor que se callara
  • 2 (to be getting along, to manage) how are you doing?
    ¿qué tal estás or andas or te va?
    how do you do?
    (as greeting)
    mucho gusto
    encantado/encantada
    how do? [colloquial] [dialect]
    ¿qué tal?
    mother and child are doing well
    madre e hijo se encuentran muy bien
    she's doing well after her operation
    se está recuperando bien después de su operación
    how am I doing? — you're doing fine!
    ¿qué tal voy? — ¡vas muy bien!
    how's the bread/meat doing?
    ¿cómo va el pan/la carne?
    azaleas don't do well here
    las azaleas no se dan bien aquí
    how are we doing for time/cash?
    ¿cómo or qué tal vamos or andamos de tiempo/dinero?
    she did well/badly in her exams
    le fue bien/mal en los exámenes
    you did well to get into the finals
    llegar a las finales ya fue todo un logro
    he's done well for himself
    ha sabido abrirse camino
    to do well/badly out of something
    salir bien/mal parado de algo
  • 3 (to go on, to happen) [colloquial] (in -ing form) what's doing?
    ¿qué pasa?
    ¿qué hay? [colloquial]
    there's nothing doing in town
    no pasa nada en el pueblo
    couldn't you lend me $20? — nothing doing!
    ¿no me podrías prestar $20? — ¡ni hablar!
    I asked her but … nothing doing!
    se lo pedí, pero no hubo forma or (in Latin America also) ni modo
  • 4 4.1 (to be suitable, acceptable) look, this simply will not do!
    ¡mira, esto no puede ser!
    it's not ideal, but it'll do
    no es lo ideal, pero sirve
    will this suit do?
    ¿te parece que este traje está bien?
    I'm afraid I can't manage it today — that's OK, tomorrow will do fine!
    lo siento, pero hoy no puedo — no importa, mañana da igual
    I'm not going to cook, bread and cheese will do for them!
    no pienso cocinar, se tendrán que conformar con pan y queso
    it doesn't do to get emotional
    no hay que ponerse sentimental
    4.2 (to serve as)to do for oas something this box will do for a table
    esta caja nos servirá de mesa
    fruit will do as dessert
    y de postre, ya nos arreglaremos con fruta
  • 5
    (to be enough)
    ser suficiente
    alcanzar
    estar bien
    one egg will do for me
    un huevo es suficiente para mí
    con un huevo me alcanza
    that'll do! shut up!
    ¡basta! ¡cállate la boca!
  • 6 (to finish) (in past p) are o (British English) have you done?
    ¿has terminado?
    I'm not o (British English) I haven't done yet!
    no he terminado todavía

auxiliary verb 3rd person singular present does present participle doing past tense did past participle done

American English: /du/
British English: /duː/
Where do is used as an auxiliary verb, the Spanish verb on its own translates both the auxiliary and the principal verbs: she didn't come no vino; does he know?¿lo sabe?Note that in spoken Spanish a question is indicated by intonation.
El verbo auxiliar do se usa para formar el negativo y el interrogativo, para agregar énfasis, o para sustituir a un verbo usado anteriormente.
  • 1 (in elliptical use)do you live here? — yes, I do/no, I don't
    ¿vives aquí? — sí/no
    did you suspect her at the time? — I did, yes
    ¿sospechaste de ella en aquel momento? — pues sí
    she wanted to come, but he didn't
    ella quería venir, pero él no
    you don't have to stay, but she does
    tú no te tienes que quedar, pero ella sí
    tell Jim — will do! [colloquial]
    dile a Jim — ¡se lo diré!
    do you like ice cream? — you bet I do!
    ¿te gustan los helados? — ¡si me gustarán … !
    did you enjoy yourself? — did I ever!
    ¿te divertiste? — ¡si me habré divertido … !
    she found it in your drawer — oh, did she?
    lo encontró en tu cajón — ¿ah, sí?
    I love Mozart; don't you?
    me encanta Mozart, ¿a tí no?
    I don't need a haircut — yes, you do!
    no necesito cortarme el pelo — ¡cómo que no!
    I didn't say that! — you did!
    yo no dije eso — sí, señor (, lo dijiste)
    you cheated! — I didn't!
    hiciste trampa — no, señor (, no hice trampa) or [colloquial] ¡qué va!
    I won! — no, you didn't! — did! — didn't!
    ¡gané yo! — ¡no! — ¡que sí! — ¡que no!
    she says she understands, but she doesn't
    dice que comprende, pero no es así
    I don't know why I dislike him: I just do!
    no sé por qué me cae mal: simplemente porque sí or (in Latin America also) porque sí nomás
    I want to be rich: who doesn't?
    quiero ser rico: ¿quién no?
    I think I deserve more than the others — oh, you do, do you?
    creo que me merezco más que los demás — ¿ah, sí? ¡no me digas!
    I expect they resent my presence as I do theirs
    me imagino que a ellos les molesta mi presencia tanto como a mí la suya
    I didn't read that chapter — you ought to have done (British English)
    no leí ese capítulo — deberías haberlo leído or hecho
    will you write to her? — I may (well) do
    ¿le vas a escribir? — posiblemente
    I play the clarinet and so does she o she does too
    yo toco el clarinete y ella también
    she doesn't smoke and neither do I o I don't either
    (ella) no fuma y yo tampoco
    I think it's ridiculous — so do I
    me parece ridículo — a mí también
    I don't want to go — nor o neither do I
    no quiero ir — yo tampoco
    I love it — really? I don't
    me encanta — ¿de veras?, a mí no
    I don't like her music — I do
    no me gusta su música — a mí sí
  • 2 2.1 (used to form the negative)I do not o don't know
    no sé
    she does not o doesn't want to
    no quiere
    I did not o didn't see her
    no la vi
    don't let's fool ourselves
    no nos engañemos
    oh, don't let's be arguing when … [colloquial] do not touch!
    no tocar
    but honey … — don't (you) 'honey' me!
    pero querida … — ¡no me vengas con zalamerías!
    2.2 (with inversion after negative adverbs)not once did he apologize
    no se disculpó ni siquiera una vez
    not only does it cost more, it also …
    no solo cuesta más, sino que también …
  • 3 3.1 (used to form the interrogative)does this belong to you?
    ¿esto es tuyo?
    did I frighten you?
    ¿te asusté?
    don't you agree?
    ¿no estás de acuerdo?
    ¿no te parece?
    did I not warn you that … ?
    ¿(acaso) no te advertí que … ?
    3.2 (in exclamations)doesn't it make you sick!
    ¡dime si no es asqueante!
    does that man get on my nerves!
    ¡cómo me saca de quicio ese hombre!
    boy, do you need a bath!
    ¡Dios mío! ¡qué falta te hace un baño!
  • 4 4.1 (for emphasis)you do exaggerate!
    ¡cómo exageras!
    you must admit, she did look ill
    tienes que reconocer que tenía mala cara
    and yes, I did write that letter
    y sí, sí que escribí esa carta
    when she did at last arrive …
    cuando por fin llegó …
    do be quiet! do please help yourself
    sírvete por favor
    she said she'd succeed and succeed she did
    dijo que triunfaría y lo cierto es que así fue
    4.2 (when expressing alternatives) I haven't decided, but if I do accept …
    todavía no lo he decidido, pero si aceptara …
    4.3 (when expressing contradictions) since you didn't ask me … — but I did ask you!
    como no me lo pediste … — ¡pero sí te lo pedí!
    you don't care what I think — but I do care!
    a ti no te importa lo que pienso yo — ¡pero claro que me importa!
    4.4 (in oaths, wills, affidavits etc) I, Charles Brown, do solemnly swear that … 4.5 (in the marriage service) to say “I do”
    dar el “sí, quiero”
  • 5 (in tag questions)you know Bob, don't you?
    conoces a Bob ¿no? or ¿verdad? or ¿no es cierto?
    I told you, didn't I?
    te lo dije ¿no? or ¿no es cierto?
    that's your trouble: you just don't think, do you?
    eso es lo que pasa contigo ¡que no piensas!

noun plural dos

American English: /du/
British English: /duː/
  • 1 countable (party, gathering) [colloquial]
    Example sentences
    • Such social dos are more or less confined to the well to do and the upwardly mobile class of young professionals.
    • She is a much sought after figure to grace social dos and functions even at the age of 80.
    • We often have do's, birthday parties, anniversary's, and I'm nearly 96.
  • 2 (state of affairs) [colloquial] (no plural) it's a poor do if we can't even get fifty people
    sería realmente deprimente que no vinieran ni 50 personas
    it's a rum do [dated] fair dos (British English) [colloquial]I don't call that fair dos
    para mí eso no es justicia
    fair dos all round
    a partes iguales para todos
    (as interjection)
    ¡seamos justos!
  • 3do's and don'ts (rules)
    normas (feminine plural)
    the do's and don'ts of foreign travel
    qué hacer y qué evitar cuando se viaja al extranjero

Phrasal verbs

do away with

verb + adverb + preposition + object
1.1
(abolish) (privilege/tax)
abolir
suprimir
1.2 (kill) [colloquial] to do away with oneself
suicidarse
matarse

do by

v + adv compl + prep + o
his concern to do well by his son
su preocupación por hacer todo lo posible por su hijo
she didn't do badly by us
(we treated her well)
no se puede quejar de como la tratamos
(she treated us well)
no nos trató mal
she feels hard done by
siente que la han tratado injustamente
do as you would be done by
trata a los demás como tú quisieras ser tratado

do down

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object (British English)
menospreciar
hacer de menos

do for

verb + preposition + object
1.1 (contrive) (usu in interrog) what did you do for money/food?
¿de dónde sacaste dinero/comida?
1.2 (cause collapse of) (British English) that last hill did for me
esa última cuesta acabó conmigo
the last attack nearly did for him
el último ataque casi lo mata
to be done for (also American English) [colloquial]they've spotted us, we're done for!
¡nos han visto, estamos perdidos!
we've been walking for hours, I'm absolutely done for!
hemos caminado horas, estoy agotado or [colloquial] molido or [colloquial] hecho polvo
1.3 (in house) (British English) she does for us on Mondays
viene a limpiar a casa los lunes

do in

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object [colloquial]
1.1
(kill)
eliminar
liquidar [colloquial]
cargarse (Spain) [colloquial]
1.2 to be done in
estar agotado or [colloquial] reventado or [colloquial] molido or [colloquial] hecho polvo
1.3
(injure, ruin) (British English) (back/shoulder)
hacerse daño en
embromarse (South America) [colloquial]
(engine/shoe)
estropear
arruinar (Southern Cone)
cargarse (Spain) [colloquial]

do out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
1.1
(clean out) (British English) (room)
hacer una limpieza a fondo de
1.2 (decorate) (especially British English) the bedroom was done out in pink
el dormitorio estaba pintado de/empapelado en rosa

do out of

verb + object + adverb + preposition + object
[colloquial] he was done out of his share
le quitaron or le birlaron su parte

do over

1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object 1.1 (room/house)
(redecorate)
volver a pintar/empapelar
(changing furnishings)
decorar
1.2
(beat up) (British English) [slang]
darle una paliza a
sacarle la mugre a (Latin America) [colloquial]
2verb + object + adverb
(do again) (American English)
volver a hacer

do up

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
1.1
(fasten) (coat/necklace/button)
abrochar
(zipper)
subir
do up your tie
hazle el nudo de la corbata
do your shoes up
átate or (in Latin America also) amárrate (los cordones de) los zapatos
amárrate las agujetas (Mexico) or (Peru) los pasadores
she wears her hair done up
lleva el pelo recogido
1.2
(wrap up) (parcel)
envolver
1.3 (dress up) [colloquial]she was all done up
estaba muy elegante
1.4 [colloquial]
(house)
arreglar (pintando, empapelando etc)

do with

verb + preposition + object
1 (benefit from) (with can, could) that door could do with a coat of paint
no le vendría mal una mano de pintura a esa puerta
you could do with a change
te hace falta or te vendría bien un cambio
2 (expressing connection) to have/be something to do with something/somebodyI don't want to have anything to do with this business
yo no quiero tener nada que ver con este asunto
she wants to see you, it's something to do with tomorrow's meeting
quiere hablar contigo, se trata de algo relacionado con la reunión de mañana
anything to do with trains interests him
le interesa todo lo que tenga que ver or esté relacionado con trenes
what has that got to do with it?
¿y eso qué tiene que ver?
what's that (got) to do with you? it's to do with your son
se trata de su hijo
it's nothing to do with you!
no es nada que te concierna or que te importe a ti
if it were anything to do with me I'd …
si fuera por mí, yo …
I've had nothing to do with my family for years
hace años que no tengo ningún contacto con mi familia

do without

verb + adverb, verb + preposition + object
I don't think we can do without this machine
no creo que podamos prescindir de or arreglarnos sin esta máquina
you really think you could do without me?
¿de verdad piensas que no me necesitas?
you'll just have to do without, like everyone else
te las tendrás que arreglar, como todos los demás
I can o could do without your interfering!
¡no necesito or no me hace falta que te vengas a entrometer!
her coming to stay is something I can do without!
¡ni falta que me hace que ella se venga a quedar!

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There are 2 entries that translate do into Spanish:

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do 2
American English: /doʊ/
British English: /duː/

noun plural dos

Definition of do in:

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