Share this entry

Share this page


Pronunciation: /ˈduːti; ˈdjuːti/

Translation of duty in Spanish:

noun/nombre (plural duties)

  • 1 c and u (obligation) deber (masculine), obligación (feminine) to do one's duty (by sb) cumplir con su ( or mi etc) deber or obligación (para con algn) it is the duty of every citizen to vote votar es el deber or la obligación de todo ciudadano he did it out of a sense of duty lo hizo porque le parecía que era su deber she made it her duty to … se impuso la obligación de … I have a duty to keep my partners informed es mi obligación or mi deber mantener informados a mis socios (before noun/delante del nombre) duty call o visit visita (feminine) de cumplido
    Example sentences
    • It's to do my duty as a physician, and they often have disagreeable outcomes when you do your duty, and this is one very disagreeable outcome.
    • To the last minute of my holding the presidency, I will responsibly do my duty.
    • They have to do their duty and their responsibility.
  • 2 uncountable/no numerable 2.1 (service) servicio (masculine) a spell of duty abroad una temporada de servicio en el extranjero to do night duty hacer* el turno nocturno to do duty as sth hacer* las veces de algo, servir* de algo 2.2 (in phrases) off duty to come/go off duty acabar el turno or la guardia to be off duty [nurse/doctor] no estar* de turno or guardia [policeman/fireman] no estar* de servicio on duty to come/go on duty empezar* el turno or la guardia he's on duty all morning [nurse/doctor] está de turno or de guardia toda la mañana [policeman/fireman] está de servicio toda la mañana (before noun/delante del nombre) duty chemist (British English/inglés británico) farmacia (feminine) de guardia or de turno duty roster lista (feminine) de guardias duty solicitor (British English/inglés británico) abogado, (masculine, feminine) de oficio 2.3
    (duties plural)
    (responsibilities) [formal] funciones (feminine plural), responsabilidades (feminine plural) when do you take up your duties? ¿cuándo asume usted sus funciones? to neglect one's duties descuidar sus ( or mis etc) responsabilidades
    Example sentences
    • How do you know the staff who arrive at camp are qualified to perform the duties you are requiring of them?
    • Boys and girls were trained for the separate duties and tasks required in the gendered world of their day.
    • Officers chosen to conduct the battalion's tactical planning need to have the proper training and experience in order to perform their required duties.
    Example sentences
    • As much as $10,000 of the budgets could be used to help the church pay for pastoral duties during its pastor's absence.
    • For now, she continues with her ministerial duties, serving the church she sees as part of her family.
    • It is not uncommon for a minister to drive 6-10,000 miles per year in carrying out the ministerial duties for a congregation.
    Example sentences
    • The primary service was military duty as a mounted knight.
    • Why should ordinary Koreans pay taxes for those shirkers who educate their children abroad and avoid military service duties?
    • The other recurring problem is the avoidance of military service by privileged youth during peacetime and combat duty during wars.
  • 3 c and u (tax) (often plural/frecuentemente plural) impuesto (masculine) to pay duty on sth pagar* impuestos sobre algo excise duties impuestos (masculine plural) internos or al consumo
    Example sentences
    • These include priority treatment in obtaining basic infrastructure services and significant reductions in national and local income taxes, land fees, and import and export duties.
    • Getting the manufacturing association to back a duty on low-priced Chinese imports was a victory for small manufacturers.
    • Many governments put tariffs on the import of goods, whether stated as an import duty or a sales tax only on imported goods.
    Example sentences
    • Strip the Church of its tax exemption and levy huge duties against its property value.
    • We have a budget lower than ten years ago, with the Government continuing to impose additional duties and not properly finance them.
    • Licence duties tend to have very small disincentive effects on car ownership due to their relatively low level (they are primarily put in place by governments to raise revenue).

Definition of duty in:

Share this entry

Share this page


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day cal
lime …
Cultural fact of the day

Sherry is produced in an area of chalky soil known as albariza lying between the towns of Puerto de Santa María, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, and Jerez de la Frontera in Cádiz province. It is from Jerez that sherry takes its English name. Sherries, made from grape varieties including Palomino and Pedro Ximénez, are drunk worldwide as an aperitif, and in Spain as an accompaniment to tapas. The styles of jerez vary from the pale fino and manzanilla to the darker aromatic oloroso and amontillado.