Translation of duty in Spanish:

duty

Pronunciation: /ˈduːti; ˈdjuːti/

n (pl duties)

  • 1 c u (obligation) deber (m) , obligación (f) to do one's duty (by sb) cumplir con su ( or mi etc) deber or obligación (para con algn) it is the duty of every citizen to vote votar es el deber or la obligación de todo ciudadano he did it out of a sense of duty lo hizo porque le parecía que era su deber she made it her duty to … se impuso la obligación de … I have a duty to keep my partners informed es mi obligación or mi deber mantener informados a mis socios (before n) duty call o visit visita (f) de cumplido
  • 2 u 2.1 (service) servicio (m) a spell of duty abroad una temporada de servicio en el extranjero to do night duty hacer* el turno nocturno to do duty as sth hacer* las veces de algo , servir* de algo 2.2 (in phrases) off duty to come/go off duty acabar el turno or la guardia to be off duty [nurse/doctor] no estar* de turno or guardia; [policeman/fireman] no estar* de servicio on duty to come/go on duty empezar* el turno or la guardia he's on duty all morning [nurse/doctor] está de turno or de guardia toda la mañana; [policeman/fireman] está de servicio toda la mañana (before n) duty chemist (BrE) farmacia (f) de guardia or de turno duty officer oficial (mf) de servicio duty roster lista (f) de guardias duty solicitor (BrE) abogado, -da (m,f) de oficio 2.3
    (duties pl)
    (responsibilities) [formal] funciones (fpl), responsabilidades (fpl) when do you take up your duties? ¿cuándo asume usted sus funciones? to neglect one's duties descuidar sus ( or mis etc) responsabilidades
  • 3 c u [Tax] (often pl) impuesto (m) to pay duty on sth pagar* impuestos sobre algo excise duties impuestos (mpl) internos or al consumo

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Cultural fact of the day

The name of the autonomous governments of Catalonia and Valencia is generalitat. A great deal of power has now been transferred to them from central government. The medieval term generalitat was revived in 1932, when Catalonia voted for its own devolved government. After the Civil War, it was abolished by Franco but was restored in 1978, with the establishment of comunidades autónomascomunidad autónoma. The Valencian Generalitat is keen to preserve the traditions of the region from Catalan influence.