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element

Pronunciation: /ˈeləmənt; ˈelɪmənt/

Translation of element in Spanish:

noun/nombre

  • 1 1.1 (component part) elemento (masculine) it may be an element in her decision puede que haya sido un elemento or factor que influyera en su decisión the element of surprise el factor sorpresa
    Example sentences
    • All the elements of a good dark comedy are here: a murder, a dysfunctional family, someone in a clown suit and so on - but they should be tweaked further.
    • There are all the elements of dance and theatre combined with the visceral thrill of watching metal meet metal again and again until, finally, metal meets actor.
    • But it was also the subject of prosecutions under orthodox 19th century criminal law, all the elements of which survive.
    1.2 (small amount) an element of chance/doubt/sarcasm algo de suerte/duda/sarcasmo there's an element of truth in what he says hay algo de verdad en lo que dice 1.3 (distinct group of people) elemento (masculine), grupo (masculine) lawless/extremist elements in society elementos (masculine plural) rebeldes/extremistas de la sociedad
    Example sentences
    • There has even been speculation that some rogue elements within the British Army tried to sabotage Stevens' light aircraft last year.
    • I don't rule out that some rogue elements within, say, one unit might misbehave, but that does not make it at all a policy.
    • Muslim leaders in Britain agree that there are extremist elements within their communities but they disagree on how to tackle them.
    1.4
    (elements plural)
    (rudiments) the basic elements of self-defense los principios elementales de la defensa personal we have the elements of an agreement/a solution tenemos las bases de un acuerdo/una solución
  • 2 2.1 [Chemistry/Química] elemento (masculine) 2.2 (earth, air, fire, water) elemento (masculine) the four elements los cuatro elementos
    Example sentences
    • It was a story he recognised could only be told in terms of the four fundamental elements: earth, air, fire, water.
    • She controlled the four master elements: Fire, Water, Earth and Air.
    • I believe that there are four elements: earth, fire, water, and air.
    Example sentences
    • He called atoms of the second group isotopes, atoms of the same element with different atomic weights.
    • Early in 1999 synthesis of the element with atomic number 114 was reported.
    • He postulated that all the atoms of the same element have the same atomic mass, while the atoms of a different element have a different atomic mass.
  • 3
    (elements plural)
    (weather) [literary/literario] the elements los elementos to brave the elements enfrentarse a (la furia de) los elementos
    Example sentences
    • In the first part of the second half both sides had to defy the elements of wind and rain storms.
    • Life is still much the same: a constant battle against the elements, as wind and sleeting rain batter the coal-mining land to black slush and mud.
    • Palmer and his associates struggle through the elements wrapped in heavy furs, their breath freezing in the air.
  • 4 (preferred environment) elemento (masculine) politics/the outdoors is her natural element la política/la vida al aire libre es lo suyo or es su elemento to be in one's element estar* en su ( or mi etc) elemento, estar* como pez en el agua
    Example sentences
    • Larkham was in his element in his country's victory over Romania as he constantly probed for breaks against a brittle defence.
    • I do believe he was in his element last night as a country singer, but his performance just really annoyed me.
    • He used to sit in the pub in Greek Street, next to our office, surrounded by admirers, and he was in his element.
  • 6
    (elements plural)
    [Religion/Religión] the elements las especies eucarísticas or sacramentales
    Example sentences
    • Both the consecrated elements and the church simply are the body of Christ.
    • The non-divine, but human-made Eucharistic elements of bread and wine can affect only the material body.
    • It is a sacred meal in which the minister consecrates the elements by asking God to set them apart from their normal and common uses.

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Cultural fact of the day

Spain's literary renaissance, known as the Golden Age (Siglo de Oro/i>), roughly covers the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It includes the Italian-influenced poetry of figures such as Garcilaso de la Vega; the religious verse of Fray Luis de León, Santa Teresa de Ávila and San Juan de la Cruz; picaresque novels such as the anonymous Lazarillo de Tormes and Quevedo's Buscón; Miguel de Cervantes' immortal Don Quijote; the theater of Lope de Vega, and the ornate poetry of Luis de Góngora.