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hard
American English: /hɑrd/
British English: /hɑːd/

Translation of hard in Spanish:

adjective -er, -est

  • 1 1.1 (firm, solid)
    (object/surface)
    duro
    to set hard
    endurecerse
    to freeze hard
    helarse
    Example sentences
    • Some may insist you sleep on mats on hard floors to straighten out the spine, but they are in a minority.
    • The volunteers used to sleep a dozen to a room on thin pallets laid out on the hard floor of their offices.
    • My youngest daughter fell out of her high chair on to a hard floor.
    1.2 (forceful)
    (push/knock)
    fuerte
    Example sentences
    • Danny had forced a hard kiss onto her roughly and now, he was standing there shocked.
    • It then made several very long hard runs forcing me to give line and then play it back.
    • The attack involved several hard blows to the side of the head and being punched in the face, according to Mr Dixon.
  • 2 2.1 (difficult)
    (question/subject)
    difícil
    (task)
    arduo
    our prices are hard to beat
    nuestros precios son imbatibles
    such documents are hard to come by
    esos documentos son difíciles de conseguir
    he's hard to please
    es difícil de complacer
    es exigente
    you'll have a hard time o job explaining that to her
    te costará explicárselo
    it's hard for them to adapt
    les cuesta adaptarse
    I find that hard to believe to learn something the hard way
    aprender algo a base de cometer errores
    Example sentences
    • It is not only hard physical work that makes people exhausted, stress has a similar effect.
    • In order to be successful with your career or your hobby, you have to put a lot of effort and hard work into it.
    • Searching for new wrecks requires patience and sometimes hard choices.
    2.2 (severe)
    (winter/climate/judge/master)
    duro
    severo
    times are very hard for small businessmen
    corren muy malos tiempos para los pequeños comerciantes
    he had a hard time in the army
    lo pasó mal en el ejército
    to give somebody a hard time
    hacérselas pasar mal a alguien
    to be hard on somebody/somethingdon't be too hard on him
    no seas demasiado duro con él
    it's hard on her to have to walk so far
    tener que ir tan lejos a pie es duro para ella
    he's hard on his shoes
    no le duran nada los zapatos
    destroza los zapatos enseguida
    see also hard-luck story
    Example sentences
    • Taylor considers himself to be something of a hard taskmaster but he has been delighted with the response of his players.
    • Not only is it a hard taskmaster, insatiable in the demands it makes on its followers, it often saves the best till last.
    • Gilbert is a hard taskmaster, but Murray certainly knew that before they got together.
    Example sentences
    • They say the crows nested twice this year as there will be no food to feed the young next spring due to the hard weather.
    • Those words may have to console the goalkeeper through a long, hard winter.
    • That's far too organised and impractical for us, though, as we have a long hard winter to get through.
    2.3 (tough, cynical)
    (person/attitude)
    duro
    insensible
    Example sentences
    • Just a sniff of weakness and these hard men will grab the opportunity with both hands.
    • If you look at the nature of people involved in gangs in Scotland, a lot of them would be regarded as being very hard people.
    • Many a coach must have asked their resident hard man to successfully confront Johnson, but none have managed it.
  • 3 3.1 (concentrated, strenuous) we need to do some hard talking to sort this matter out
    tenemos que hablar muy seriamente para resolver este asunto
    to take a long hard look at something
    analizar seriamente algo
    children are very hard work at that age
    los niños dan mucho trabajo a esa edad
    it's hard work getting him to do anything
    cuesta conseguir que haga algo
    3.2 (energetic) he's a hard worker/fighter
    es muy trabajador/luchador
    a hard drinker
    un gran bebedor or (in Latin America also) tomador
  • 4 (definite)
    (evidence)
    concluyente
    hard news
    noticias (feminine) concretas
    Example sentences
    • He urged investors to make their decisions based on hard information and not rumors.
    • I, for one, would need a lot more hard information before I could make my mind up about it.
    • There were constant rumours of further waves but there was no hard information as we had no radio or TV.
  • 5 (sharp, harsh)
    (outline/angle)
    pronunciado
    (light/voice)
    fuerte
    (expression/features)
    duro
    Example sentences
    • The church basement is cold and hard morning light breaks through high windows.
    • Looking out over this parched, shimmering landscape in the cold hard light of morning it's a miracle that anything survives here at all.
    • We drive for a while and suddenly there is a loud, hard noise, and people run in all directions.
  • 6 6.1 (in strongest forms)a drop of the hard stuff [colloquial] [humorous]
    un traguito de algo fuerte
    hard porn
    porno (masculine) duro
    6.2
    (water)
    duro
    Example sentences
    • The dissolved salts in hard water have a similar effect, so soft water is advised.
    • However, the water was so hard that it could be used only for washing and cleaning purposes.
    • I live in a hard water area and am concerned about the build-up of scale in the central heating system.
    6.3 (Linguistics)
    (sound/consonant)
    fuerte
    Example sentences
    • The shorter word with a hard consonant at it's face seemed most fitting.
    • Even their name has no hard consonant sounds.
    • Have you ever noticed how all the truly bigoted expressions are blessed with hard consonants?
    6.4 (Physics)
    (radiation/gamma ray/X ray)
    duro
    Example sentences
    • There's no air, there's hard radiation, there's poison in the ground below you and of course, it's between 100 and 150 degrees below in centigrade.
    • I would think you'd need hard radiation to initiate the cascade, but that the decay product would be softer.
    • While travelling through a medium, hard radiation produces charged particles.
  • 7 (Politics)the hard left/right
    la izquierda/derecha dura

adverb -er, -est

  • 1 1.1 (with force)
    (pull/push)
    con fuerza
    I hit her hard
    le pegué fuerte
    you have to slam the door hard
    tienes que dar un portazo fuerte
    she kept her foot hard down on the accelerator
    siguió pisando con fuerza el acelerador
    I threw the ball as hard as I could
    tiré la pelota con todas mis fuerzas
    Example sentences
    • When the wind and rain blew hard they were forced to use all their strength just to keep from going overboard.
    • The girl nodded at Simon and punched him so hard he was forced into one of the dirt walls.
    • The car hit the kerb so hard the wheels were ripped off and split in two.
    1.2 (strenuously)
    (run)
    mucho
    I was hard at work
    estaba concentrado en mi trabajo
    he works his students very hard
    hace trabajar mucho a sus alumnos
    les exige mucho a sus alumnos
    we've been saving hard for the trip
    hemos estado ahorrando mucho or [colloquial] como locos para el viaje
    no matter how hard I try
    por más que me esfuerzo
    I think you're trying too hard
    creo que te lo tienes que tomar con más calma
    if you wish for it hard enough, it will come true
    si lo deseas con todas tus fuerzas, se hará realidad
    think hard before you decide
    piénsalo muy bien antes de decidir
    I'd think very hard before committing myself
    (me) lo pensaría dos veces antes de comprometerme
    to be hard put o (in British English also) pushed to + infinitiveyou'd be hard put (to it) to find a better doctor
    sería difícil encontrar un médico mejor
    I'd be hard put to remember their names
    me pondrías en un aprieto si me preguntaras cómo se llaman
    Example sentences
    • The match was hard fought with chances being missed by both sides.
    • He's been training so hard and we're all really proud of the effort he's making.
    • They worked hard all week and it was a great all-round team effort to win it.
    1.3 (intently)
    (listen)
    atentamente
    con atención
    we'll have to look hard at their proposals
    tendremos que estudiar seriamente sus propuestas
  • 2 (heavily)
    (rain/snow)
    fuerte
    mucho
    (pant/breathe)
    pesadamente
    she's been hitting the bottle pretty hard [colloquial]
    le ha estado dando duro al trago [colloquial]
  • 3 (severely) the southern states have been hardest hit
    los estados del sur han sido los más afectados
    her death hit him very hard
    su muerte lo afectó muchísimo or fue un duro golpe para él
    to take something hard
    tomarse algo muy mal
    to be/feel hard done byshe thinks she has been o she feels hard done by
    piensa que la han tratado injustamente
  • 4 4.1 (in directions) hard to port/starboard
    completamente a babor/estribor
    to turn hard left
    girar or doblar a la izquierda en un ángulo cerrado
    4.2 (close) hard by [archaic]
    muy cerca de aquí

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