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Pronunciation: /hɑːrd; hɑːd/

Translation of hard in Spanish:

adjective/adjetivo (-er, -est)

  • 1 1.1 (firm, solid) [object/surface] duro to set hard endurecerse* to freeze hard helarse*
    Example sentences
    • Some may insist you sleep on mats on hard floors to straighten out the spine, but they are in a minority.
    • The volunteers used to sleep a dozen to a room on thin pallets laid out on the hard floor of their offices.
    • My youngest daughter fell out of her high chair on to a hard floor.
    1.2 (forceful) [push/knock] fuerte
    Example sentences
    • Danny had forced a hard kiss onto her roughly and now, he was standing there shocked.
    • It then made several very long hard runs forcing me to give line and then play it back.
    • The attack involved several hard blows to the side of the head and being punched in the face, according to Mr Dixon.
  • 2 2.1 (difficult) [question/subject] difícil; [task] arduo our prices are hard to beat nuestros precios son imbatibles such documents are hard to come by esos documentos son difíciles de conseguir he's hard to please es difícil de complacer, es exigente you'll have a hard time o job explaining that to her te costará explicárselo it's hard for them to adapt les cuesta adaptarse I find that hard to believe me cuesta creerlo to learn sth the hard way aprender algo a base de cometer errores 2.2 (severe) [winter/climate/judge/master] duro, severo times are very hard for small businessmen corren muy malos tiempos para los pequeños comerciantes he had a hard time in the army lo pasó mal en el ejército to give sb a hard time hacérselas* pasar mal a algnto be hard on sb/sth don't be too hard on him no seas demasiado duro con él it's hard on her to have to walk so far tener que ir tan lejos a pie es duro para ella he's hard on his shoes no le duran nada los zapatos, destroza los zapatos enseguida see also hard-luck story
    Example sentences
    • They say the crows nested twice this year as there will be no food to feed the young next spring due to the hard weather.
    • Those words may have to console the goalkeeper through a long, hard winter.
    • That's far too organised and impractical for us, though, as we have a long hard winter to get through.
    2.3 (tough, cynical) [person/attitude] duro, insensible
    Example sentences
    • Just a sniff of weakness and these hard men will grab the opportunity with both hands.
    • If you look at the nature of people involved in gangs in Scotland, a lot of them would be regarded as being very hard people.
    • Many a coach must have asked their resident hard man to successfully confront Johnson, but none have managed it.
    Example sentences
    • It is not only hard physical work that makes people exhausted, stress has a similar effect.
    • In order to be successful with your career or your hobby, you have to put a lot of effort and hard work into it.
    • Searching for new wrecks requires patience and sometimes hard choices.
    Example sentences
    • But how far should we go to smuggle hard subjects into the minds of disaffected youth?
    • With so little good hard science on the BBC it's a pity to see a good chunk of the budget go on something so lightweight.
    • The hard sciences, for example, are at the cutting edge of economic development.
  • 3 3.1 (concentrated, strenuous) we need to do some hard talking to sort this matter out tenemos que hablar muy seriamente para resolver este asunto to take a long hard look at sth analizar* seriamente algo children are very hard work at that age los niños dan mucho trabajo a esa edad it's hard work getting him to do anything cuesta conseguir que haga algo 3.2 (energetic) he's a hard worker/fighter es muy trabajador/luchador a hard drinker un gran bebedor or (in Latin America also/en América Latina también) tomador
  • 4 (definite) [evidence] concluyente hard news noticias (feminine) concretas
    Example sentences
    • He urged investors to make their decisions based on hard information and not rumors.
    • I, for one, would need a lot more hard information before I could make my mind up about it.
    • There were constant rumours of further waves but there was no hard information as we had no radio or TV.
  • 5 (sharp, harsh) [outline/angle] pronunciado; [light/voice] fuerte; [expression/features] duro
    Example sentences
    • Taylor considers himself to be something of a hard taskmaster but he has been delighted with the response of his players.
    • Not only is it a hard taskmaster, insatiable in the demands it makes on its followers, it often saves the best till last.
    • Gilbert is a hard taskmaster, but Murray certainly knew that before they got together.
    Example sentences
    • A hard wine has not aged enough to achieve a proper balance.
    • Too much tannin and the wine is hard and earthy.
    • If your wine is too hard, too tannic, too acidic, snap the pouring unit onto your bottle, pour the wine through it, and it will be altered into a better state by the magnets inside.
  • 6 6.1 (in strongest forms) a drop of the hard stuff [colloquial/familiar] [humorous/humorístico] un traguito de algo fuerte hard porn porno (masculine) duro 6.2 [water] duro
    Example sentences
    • The dissolved salts in hard water have a similar effect, so soft water is advised.
    • However, the water was so hard that it could be used only for washing and cleaning purposes.
    • I live in a hard water area and am concerned about the build-up of scale in the central heating system.
    6.3 [Linguistics/Lingüística] [sound/consonant] fuerte
    Example sentences
    • The church basement is cold and hard morning light breaks through high windows.
    • Looking out over this parched, shimmering landscape in the cold hard light of morning it's a miracle that anything survives here at all.
    • We drive for a while and suddenly there is a loud, hard noise, and people run in all directions.
    Example sentences
    • The shorter word with a hard consonant at it's face seemed most fitting.
    • Even their name has no hard consonant sounds.
    • Have you ever noticed how all the truly bigoted expressions are blessed with hard consonants?
    6.4 [Physics/Física] [radiation/gamma ray/X ray] duro
    Example sentences
    • There's no air, there's hard radiation, there's poison in the ground below you and of course, it's between 100 and 150 degrees below in centigrade.
    • I would think you'd need hard radiation to initiate the cascade, but that the decay product would be softer.
    • While travelling through a medium, hard radiation produces charged particles.
  • 7 [Politics/Política] the hard left/right la izquierda/derecha dura

adverb/adverbio (-er, -est)

  • 1 1.1 (with force) [pull/push] con fuerza I hit her hard le pegué fuerte you have to slam the door hard tienes que dar un portazo fuerte she kept her foot hard down on the accelerator siguió pisando con fuerza el acelerador I threw the ball as hard as I could tiré la pelota con todas mis fuerzas 1.2 (strenuously) [work] mucho, duro, duramente; [run] mucho I was hard at work estaba concentrado en mi trabajo he works his students very hard hace trabajar mucho a sus alumnos, les exige mucho a sus alumnos we've been saving hard for the trip hemos estado ahorrando mucho or [colloquial/familiar] como locos para el viaje no matter how hard I try por más que me esfuerzo I think you're trying too hard creo que te lo tienes que tomar con más calma if you wish for it hard enough, it will come true si lo deseas con todas tus fuerzas, se hará realidad think hard before you decide piénsalo muy bien antes de decidir I'd think very hard before committing myself (me) lo pensaría dos veces antes de comprometerme to be hard put o (in British English also/en inglés británico también) pushed to + infinitive/infinitivo you'd be hard put (to it) to find a better doctor sería difícil encontrar un médico mejor I'd be hard put to remember their names me pondrías en un aprieto si me preguntaras cómo se llaman 1.3 (intently) [listen] atentamente, con atención we'll have to look hard at their proposals tendremos que estudiar seriamente sus propuestas
  • 2 (heavily) [rain/snow] fuerte, mucho; [pant/breathe] pesadamente she's been hitting the bottle pretty hard [colloquial/familiar] le ha estado dando duro al trago [colloquial/familiar]
  • 3 (severely) the southern states have been hardest hit los estados del sur han sido los más afectados her death hit him very hard su muerte lo afectó muchísimo or fue un duro golpe para él to take sth hard tomarse algo muy mal to be/feel hard done by she thinks she has been o she feels hard done by piensa que la han tratado injustamente
  • 4 4.1 (in directions) hard to port/starboard completamente a babor/estribor to turn hard left girar or doblar* a la izquierda en un ángulo cerrado 4.2 (close) hard by [archaic] muy cerca de aquí

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