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harden

Pronunciation: /ˈhɑːrdn; ˈhɑːdn/

Translation of harden in Spanish:

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • 1.1 (make hard) endurecer*; [skin] endurecer*, curtir; [steel/glass] templar 1.2 (make tough, unfeeling) [person] endurecer* to harden sb to sth acostumbrar a algn a algo to harden one's heart you must harden your heart and tell him to go tienes que hacerte fuerte y decirle que se vaya 1.3 (confirm, stiffen) [resolve/attitude] afianzar* recent events have hardened political divisions los últimos acontecimientos han hecho más pronunciadas las divisiones políticas

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo

  • 1 1.1 (become hard, set) [concrete/glue] endurecerse* 1.2 (become tough, unfeeling) [person/heart] endurecerse*, insensibilizarse* 1.3 (become rigid, cold) [expression] endurecerse*
    Example sentences
    • As the crystals form connections, the concrete stiffens, hardens, and gains strength.
    • These are essential for keeping fat and water dispersed evenly in an emulsion, and then binding the free water after freezing and hardening so ice crystal formation is negligible.
    • The glue-on patches have been just as ineffective, with most failures coming when the glue hardens and cracks and the patch peels away.
    Example sentences
    • They'll trumpet their exemplar's views when he says too much gothic severity hardens the heart, but probably don't care to publicise such statements as this.
    • A glut of sob stories, short memories and disenchantment over aid funds will create a backlash that hardens people's hearts toward tragedy.
    • The opening line was, ‘Immigration, it seems, hardens hearts and softens brains like few other issues’.
    1.4 (become inflexible, fixed) [attitude] volverse* inflexible he hardened in his resolve to … se afianzó en su decisión de …
    Example sentences
    • The spectacle has now hardened into tradition.
    • The country has long since hardened into its own shape, and whether it holds together or breaks into pieces is largely up to the Iraqis who now have it in their hands.
    • He wasn't terribly popular in our part of the constituency and rumours, some of which have hardened into allegations, abounded.
  • 2 [Finance] 2.1 (increase in value) [prices/shares] subir 2.2 (stabilize) [market/prices] consolidarse
    Example sentences
    • Trade has kept pretty steady over the past week, with lamb prices hardening in response to smaller numbers on the market.
    • Goldman Sachs believes oil prices are continuing to harden and that buying at $55 per barrel forward offers huge potential gains to investors.
    • He said ‘As the prospects of a bumper EU harvest fade rapidly due to adverse weather conditions, market prices for grain will harden.’

Phrasal verbs

harden off

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
(inure to cold) [plant] aclimatar

Definition of harden in:

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Cultural fact of the day

Spain's literary renaissance, known as the Golden Age (Siglo de Oro/i>), roughly covers the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It includes the Italian-influenced poetry of figures such as Garcilaso de la Vega; the religious verse of Fray Luis de León, Santa Teresa de Ávila and San Juan de la Cruz; picaresque novels such as the anonymous Lazarillo de Tormes and Quevedo's Buscón; Miguel de Cervantes' immortal Don Quijote; the theater of Lope de Vega, and the ornate poetry of Luis de Góngora.