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A. vt (3rd pers sing pres has past & past p, had)
- 1 a (possess) tener* I have o (esp BrE) I've got two cats = tengo dos gatos b (hold, have at one's disposal) tener* can I have a sheet of paper? = ¿me das una hoja de papel? I've (got) a lot to do = tengo mucho que hacer c (receive) [letter/news] tener*, recibir to have had it (infml) I've had it (I'm in trouble) = estoy frito (AmL) , me la he cargado (Esp) (familiar/colloquial) (I've lost my chance) la he fastidiado (familiar/colloquial) to have it in for sb (infml) = tenerle* manía or tirria a algn (familiar/colloquial) • (obtain) conseguir* they were the only seats to be had = eran los únicos asientos que había d (consume) [steak/spaghetti] comer, tomar (Esp) ; [champagne/beer] tomar; [cigarette] fumar(se) to have something to eat/drink = comer/beber algo to have breakfast = desayunar to have lunch = almorzar* or (esp Esp, Méx) comer to have dinner = cenar, comer (AmL) e (experience, undergo) [accident] tener* have a nice day! = ¡adiós! ¡que le ( or te etc) vaya bien! we had a very pleasant evening = pasamos una noche muy agradable she had a heart attack = le dio un ataque al corazón • (organize) [party] hacer*, dar*; [meeting] tener* • (suffer from) [cancer/diabetes/flu] tener* to have a cold = estar* resfriado f (give birth to) [baby] tener* g (infml) (swindle, dupe) you've been had! = ¡te han timado or engañado!
- 2 a (causative use) we'll have it clean in no time = enseguida lo limpiamos or lo dejamos limpio he had them all in tears = los hizo llorar a todos you had me worried = me tenías preocupado to have sth +
PAST Pwe had it repaired = lo hicimos arreglar, lo mandamos (a) arreglar (AmL) to have one's hair cut = cortarse el pelo b (indicating what happens to sb) to have sth + PAST Phe had his bicycle stolen = le robaron la bicicleta c (allow) (with neg) tolerar, consentir* I won't have it! = ¡no lo consentiré or toleraré! • (accept, believe) aceptar, creer* she wouldn't have it = no lo quiso aceptar or creer d (indicating state, position) tener* I had the radio on = tenía la radio puesta
B. v aux
- 1 a (used to form perfect tenses) haber* I have/had seen her = la he/había visto have you been waiting long? = ¿hace mucho que esperas? if I'd known that … = si hubiera sabido que … when he had finished, she … = cuando terminó or (literario/literary) cuando hubo terminado, ella … b (in tags) you've met Joe, haven't you? = conoces a Joe ¿no? or ¿no es cierto? or ¿no es verdad? you haven't lost the key, have you? = ¡no habrás perdido la llave …! • (elliptical use) you may have forgiven him, but I haven't = puede que tú lo hayas perdonado, pero yo no the clock has stopped — so it has! = el reloj se ha parado — ¡es verdad! or ¡es cierto! you've forgotten something — have I? = te has olvidado de algo — ¿sí?
have back a v + o + adv, v + adv + o (receive back) can I have the ring back? = ¿me devuelves el anillo? b v + o + adv [guests] to have sb back (invite again) = volver* a invitar a algn; (reciprocate invitation) = devolverle* a algn una invitación
have on v + o + adv (tease) (infml) to have sb on = tomarle el pelo a algn (familiar/colloquial)
have out v + o + adv a (have removed) to have a tooth out = sacarse* una muela she had her tonsils out = la operaron de las amígdalas b (discuss forcefully) to have it out