Translation of know in Spanish:
transitive verb past tense knew past participle known
- 1 1.1 (have knowledge of, be aware of) I don't know his name/how old he isdo you know the words of the song?no sé cómo se llama/cuántos años tieneto know something¿sabes la letra de la canción?
aboutsomethingwhat do you know about that?saber algo dealgonot to know the first thing about something¿tú qué sabes de eso?he's clever/wrong and he knows itno saber nada or no tener ni idea de algohis wife knows ites listo/está equivocado y lo sabeI knew it! you've changed your mind!su mujer lo sabe or está enteradaI didn't know (that) you had a brother!¡ya sabía yo que ibas a cambiar de idea!I know you're upset but …no sabía que tenías un hermanohow was I to know that … ?ya sé que estás disgustado pero …I should have known this would happen¿cómo iba yo a saber que … ?I don't know that I agree/that I'll be able to cometenía que haber(me) imaginado que iba a pasar estoI'll have you know that …no sé si estoy de acuerdo/si podré iryou know as well as I do that …has de saber que …para que sepas, …I don't know how to put this, but …sabes tan bien como yo que …I don't know what you meanno sé cómo decirlo, pero …you know what he's likeno sé qué quieres decirbefore I knew where I was, it was ten o'clockya lo conocesit is well known that …cuando quise darme cuenta or (in River Plate area also) cuando quise acordar, eran las diezit's not widely known that she also paintstodo el mundo sabe que …it soon became known that …poca gente or no todo el mundo sabe que también pintato be known to +pronto se supo que … infinitivehe's known to be dangerous/opposed to the ideaI know her to be a reliable person/a liarse sabe que es peligroso/que se opone a la ideawe knew him for a devout man [formal]me consta que es de fiar/una mentirosaI know that for a factlo teníamos por un hombre devototo know to +me consta que es así infinitive[colloquial] he does know to turn off the gas, doesn't he?she knows not to disturb ussabe que tiene que desconectar el gas ¿no?to let somebody know somethingsabe (muy bien) que no tiene que molestarnosdecirle algo a alguienhacerle saber or comunicarle algo a alguien [formal](warn)let me know how much it's going to costavisarle algo a alguienlet me know when you're going to arrivedime cuánto va a costarlet me know your decisionavísame cuándo vas a llegarhe let it be known that …hágame saber or comuníqueme su decisión [formal]to make something known to somebodydio a entender que …he made it known to us that …hacerle saber algo a alguienwithout our knowing itnos hizo saber que …there's no knowing what he might dosin saberlo nosotrossin que lo supiéramosdo you know what!quién sabe qué haráI know what: let's go skating!¿sabes qué?well, what do you know!¡tengo una idea: vayamos a patinar!maybe she forgot; what o how do I know!¡qué te parece!¡pues mira tú!he's not very patient — don't I know it!¡(y) yo qué sé, quizá se haya olvidado!wouldn't you know it: it's starting to rain!no tiene mucha paciencia — ¡si lo sabré yo!not to know which way o where to turn¡no te digo, se ha puesto a llover!to know something backwardsshe knows her part backwards (and forwards)no saber qué hacerse sabe el papel al dedillo or al revés y al derecho or (in Southern Cone also) de atrás para adelanteExample sentences1.2 (have practical understanding of)
(French/shorthand)Example sentences1.3 (have skill, ability) See examples:to know how to +
- She is now growing increasingly concerned and wants anyone who may know of his whereabouts to get in contact.
- Remember to let the kennels or cattery know of any particular feeding or other requirements for your pet.
- Let it be clear from here on in that I know absolutely nothing about how cars work.
- One can listen to an aria in Italian or German without knowing the language and still get the message.
- English children living in France would have to know the language - spoken and written.
- This good news comes from someone who knows her subject.
infinitivehe doesn't know how to swimsaber + infinitiveno sabe nadar
- 2 2.1 (be acquainted with)(person/place)I know her from college/from somewherewe've known each other for yearsla conozco de la universidad/de algún sitiohow well do you know her?hace años que nos conocemosI only know her by name¿la conoces mucho or bien?it's not what you know, it's who you know that is importantla conozco or (in Latin America also) la ubico solo de nombreI thought you'd forgotten — you know me better than that!lo que importa no es lo que sabes sino a quién conocesyou know me/him: ever the optimistpensé que te habías olvidado — ¿pero no me conoces? or ¡sabes que sería incapaz!if I know her, she won't even be up yetya me/lo conoces: siempre tan optimistado you know France at all?conociéndola, seguro que ni siquiera se ha levantadoto get to know somebodyhow did they get to know each other?¿conoces Francia?I got to know him better/quite well¿cómo se conocieron?to get to know somethingllegué a conocerlo mejor/bastante bienI'm still getting to know the areafamiliarizarse con algoto make oneself known to somebodytodavía no conozco bien la zonawe knew her as Mrs Balfour/the little old lady next doordarse a conocer a alguien2.2 (have personal experience of) See examples: he has known poverty/successpara nosotros era la Sra Balfour/la viejita de al ladohe knows no fearha conocido la pobreza/el éxitoyou don't know what it is to be hungryno sabe lo que es or no conoce el miedo2.3 (be restricted by) [literary] her ambition knows no limits(tú) no sabes lo que es tener hambre2.4 (Bible) [archaic] (sexually)su ambición no tiene límitesExample sentences
- The angel tells Mary (a woman who has known no man) that she will bear a son.
- Anybody familiar with Citroen's larger cars knows the comfort of its hydraulic suspension system.
- The castles and heritage trails are known and savoured by visitors from near and far.
- Andrea told me that all her girl friends know the site, which really flattered me.
- 3 3.1 (recognize, identify) I'd know that voice anywherewould you know him?reconocería esa voz en cualquier partewould you know the street?¿lo reconocerías?she knows a good thing when she sees one¿reconocerías la calle?to know something/somebodysabe lo que es bueno
bysomething3.2 (distinguish) See examples:to know something/somebodyreconocer algo/a alguien poralgo fromsomething/somebodyI don't know one from the otherdistinguir algo/a alguien dealgo/alguienno los distingono distingo al uno del otroExample sentences
- Certainly, he is a man who knows his arias from his oboes.
- Anyway, we shall all know the answer in three weeks time but my vain hope would be that someone is put in charge of the agricultural portfolio who at least knows his sheep from his goats.
- I solicited advice from a doctor friend who knows his asthma from his tennis elbow, and who has studied many branches of medicine.
- Everyone knows the name and recognises the face but not many of us have actually gone to see him.
- Yet Sven Goran Eriksson and his assistant clearly know a player when they see one.
- One man recognises a room by a small sign, another knows a street by the tram car numbers.
- 4 (see, experience) (only in perfect tenses) I've never known her (to) lose her temperthis has been known to happen beforenunca la he visto perder los estribosI have been known to read a book occasionally, you knowesto ya ha ocurrido otras vecesalgún libro leo de vez en cuando, aunque te parezca mentiraExample sentences
- It's good to know that the authorities are aware of the need to protect our environment.
- She said the bus companies knew that customers were very aware of green issues and clean fuel.
- Anyone who has travelled to Holland knows that they are more aware of human rights.
- Today, he takes comfort in the fact that his eldest son knew personal happiness and fulfilment in the last few years of his life.
- They knew plenty of personal pain and grief, but their country was inviolable and it prospered.
- He is a man who has known much personal sorrow in his life, and yet that has not stopped him doing what he can for others.
intransitive verb past tense knew past participle known
- what happened? — nobody knowshow do you know? when will you know?¿qué pasó? — no se sabeI can't accept, as he well knows¿cuándo lo sabrás?I won't argue: you know bestsabe muy bien que no puedo aceptarI know!no voy a discutir: tú sabrásI ought to know!¡ya sé!¡tengo una idea!let me know as soon as he arrives¡si lo sabré yo!when will they let us know?avísame en cuanto llegueyou could have let me know!¿cuándo nos lo dirán or [formal] nos lo comunicarán?I don't think so: I know so¡me lo podrías haber dicho!you never knowno es que lo crea, es que lo sé or me constaI needed help, but they didn't want to knownunca se sabethe government didn't want to knownecesitaba ayuda, pero ellos … ¡si te he visto no me acuerdo!I'm not stupid, you know! you'll have to work harder, you knowel gobierno se desentendió completamente or no quiso saber nadayou know, if I had the choice, I'd quit tomorrowvas a tener que trabajar más ¿eh?it's not fair, you know, they should have told us¿sabes qué? or ¿sabes una cosa? si pudiera, me iba mañana mismoto knowno hay derecho, la verdad, debieron habérnoslo dicho
aboutsomething/somebodyhe knows about computersI didn't know about the strikesabe or entiende de computadoraswe know about your little escapade!no estaba enterado or no sabía de lo de la huelgaI wish we'd known about it earlier¡estamos enterados de tu aventurita!can I invite him? — I don't know about that, we'll have to seeojalá nos hubiéramos enterado antesojalá lo hubiéramos sabido antesto get to know about something did you know about John?¿lo puedo invitar? — no sé, veremosI don't know about you, but I'm hungry¿sabías lo de John?¿estabas enterado de lo de John?to knowyo no sé tú, pero yo tengo hambre ofsomething/somebodyshe knew of their activitiesnot that I know oftenía conocimiento or estaba enterada de sus actividadesdo you know of a good carpenter?que yo sepa, noI don't actually know her, I know of her¿conoces a or sabes de algún carpintero bueno?no la conozco personalmente, solo de oídas
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