Translation of know in Spanish:
transitive verb past tense knew past participle known
- 1 1.1 (have knowledge of, be aware of) I don't know his name/how old he isno sé cómo se llama/cuántos años tienedo you know the words of the song?¿sabes la letra de la canción?to know something
aboutsomethingsaber algowhat do you know about that? dealgo¿tú qué sabes de eso?not to know the first thing about somethingno saber nada or no tener ni idea de algohe's clever/wrong and he knows ites listo/está equivocado y lo sabehis wife knows itsu mujer lo sabe or está enteradaI knew it! you've changed your mind!¡ya sabía yo que ibas a cambiar de idea!I didn't know (that) you had a brother!no sabía que tenías un hermanoI know you're upset but …ya sé que estás disgustado pero …how was I to know that … ?¿cómo iba yo a saber que … ?I should have known this would happentenía que haber(me) imaginado que iba a pasar estoI don't know that I agree/that I'll be able to comeno sé si estoy de acuerdo/si podré irI'll have you know that …has de saber que …you know as well as I do that …
para que sepas, …sabes tan bien como yo que …I don't know how to put this, but …no sé cómo decirlo, pero …I don't know what you meanno sé qué quieres deciryou know what he's likeya sabes cómo es (él)before I knew where I was, it was ten o'clock
ya lo conocescuando quise darme cuenta or (in River Plate area also) cuando quise acordar, eran las diezit is well known that …todo el mundo sabe que …it's not widely known that she also paintspoca gente or no todo el mundo sabe que también pintait soon became known that …pronto se supo que …to be known to +
infinitivehe's known to be dangerous/opposed to the idease sabe que es peligroso/que se opone a la ideaI know her to be a reliable person/a liarme consta que es de fiar/una mentirosawe knew him for a devout man [formal]lo teníamos por un hombre devotoI know that for a factme consta que es asíto know to + infinitive[colloquial] he does know to turn off the gas, doesn't he?sabe que tiene que desconectar el gas ¿no?she knows not to disturb ussabe (muy bien) que no tiene que molestarnosto let somebody know somethingdecirle algo a alguien
hacerle saber or comunicarle algo a alguien [formal](warn) avisarle algo a alguienlet me know how much it's going to costdime cuánto va a costarlet me know when you're going to arriveavísame cuándo vas a llegarlet me know your decisionhágame saber or comuníqueme su decisión [formal]he let it be known that …dio a entender que …to make something known to somebodyhacerle saber algo a alguienhe made it known to us that …nos hizo saber que …without our knowing itsin saberlo nosotrosthere's no knowing what he might do
sin que lo supiéramosquién sabe qué harádo you know what!¿sabes qué?I know what: let's go skating!¡tengo una idea: vayamos a patinar!well, what do you know!¡qué te parece!maybe she forgot; what o how do I know!
¡pues mira tú!¡(y) yo qué sé, quizá se haya olvidado!he's not very patient — don't I know it!no tiene mucha paciencia — ¡si lo sabré yo!wouldn't you know it: it's starting to rain!¡no te digo, se ha puesto a llover!not to know which way o where to turnno saber qué hacerto know something backwardsshe knows her part backwards (and forwards)se sabe el papel al dedillo or al revés y al derecho or (in Southern Cone also) de atrás para adelanteExample sentences1.2 (have practical understanding of)
- She is now growing increasingly concerned and wants anyone who may know of his whereabouts to get in contact.
- Remember to let the kennels or cattery know of any particular feeding or other requirements for your pet.
- Let it be clear from here on in that I know absolutely nothing about how cars work.
saberExample sentences1.3 (have skill, ability)to know how to +
- One can listen to an aria in Italian or German without knowing the language and still get the message.
- English children living in France would have to know the language - spoken and written.
- This good news comes from someone who knows her subject.
infinitivesaber +he doesn't know how to swim infinitiveno sabe nadar
- 2 2.1 (be acquainted with)(person/place)I know her from college/from somewhere
conocerla conozco de la universidad/de algún sitiowe've known each other for yearshace años que nos conocemoshow well do you know her?¿la conoces mucho or bien?I only know her by namela conozco or (in Latin America also) la ubico solo de nombreit's not what you know, it's who you know that is importantlo que importa no es lo que sabes sino a quién conocesI thought you'd forgotten — you know me better than that!pensé que te habías olvidado — ¿pero no me conoces? or ¡sabes que sería incapaz!you know me/him: ever the optimistya me/lo conoces: siempre tan optimistaif I know her, she won't even be up yetconociéndola, seguro que ni siquiera se ha levantadodo you know France at all?¿conoces Francia?to get to know somebodyhow did they get to know each other?¿cómo se conocieron?I got to know him better/quite wellllegué a conocerlo mejor/bastante biento get to know somethingfamiliarizarse con algoI'm still getting to know the areatodavía no conozco bien la zonato make oneself known to somebodydarse a conocer a alguienwe knew her as Mrs Balfour/the little old lady next doorpara nosotros era la Sra Balfour/la viejita de al lado2.2 (have personal experience of) he has known poverty/successha conocido la pobreza/el éxitohe knows no fearno sabe lo que es or no conoce el miedoyou don't know what it is to be hungry(tú) no sabes lo que es tener hambre2.3 (be restricted by) [literary] her ambition knows no limitssu ambición no tiene límites2.4 (Bible) [archaic] (sexually)Example sentences
- The angel tells Mary (a woman who has known no man) that she will bear a son.
- Anybody familiar with Citroen's larger cars knows the comfort of its hydraulic suspension system.
- The castles and heritage trails are known and savoured by visitors from near and far.
- Andrea told me that all her girl friends know the site, which really flattered me.
- 3 3.1 (recognize, identify) I'd know that voice anywherereconocería esa voz en cualquier partewould you know him?¿lo reconocerías?would you know the street?¿reconocerías la calle?she knows a good thing when she sees onesabe lo que es buenoto know something/somebody
bysomethingreconocer algo/a alguien3.2 (distinguish)to know something/somebody poralgo fromsomething/somebodydistinguir algo/a alguienI don't know one from the other dealgo/alguienno los distingo
no distingo al uno del otroExample sentences
- Certainly, he is a man who knows his arias from his oboes.
- Anyway, we shall all know the answer in three weeks time but my vain hope would be that someone is put in charge of the agricultural portfolio who at least knows his sheep from his goats.
- I solicited advice from a doctor friend who knows his asthma from his tennis elbow, and who has studied many branches of medicine.
- Everyone knows the name and recognises the face but not many of us have actually gone to see him.
- Yet Sven Goran Eriksson and his assistant clearly know a player when they see one.
- One man recognises a room by a small sign, another knows a street by the tram car numbers.
- 4 (see, experience) (only in perfect tenses) I've never known her (to) lose her tempernunca la he visto perder los estribosthis has been known to happen beforeesto ya ha ocurrido otras vecesI have been known to read a book occasionally, you knowalgún libro leo de vez en cuando, aunque te parezca mentiraExample sentences
- It's good to know that the authorities are aware of the need to protect our environment.
- She said the bus companies knew that customers were very aware of green issues and clean fuel.
- Anyone who has travelled to Holland knows that they are more aware of human rights.
- Today, he takes comfort in the fact that his eldest son knew personal happiness and fulfilment in the last few years of his life.
- They knew plenty of personal pain and grief, but their country was inviolable and it prospered.
- He is a man who has known much personal sorrow in his life, and yet that has not stopped him doing what he can for others.
intransitive verb past tense knew past participle known
- what happened? — nobody knows¿qué pasó? — no se sabehow do you know? when will you know?¿cuándo lo sabrás?I can't accept, as he well knowssabe muy bien que no puedo aceptarI won't argue: you know bestno voy a discutir: tú sabrásI know!¡ya sé!I ought to know!
¡tengo una idea!¡si lo sabré yo!let me know as soon as he arrivesavísame en cuanto lleguewhen will they let us know?¿cuándo nos lo dirán or [formal] nos lo comunicarán?you could have let me know!¡me lo podrías haber dicho!I don't think so: I know sono es que lo crea, es que lo sé or me constayou never knownunca se sabeI needed help, but they didn't want to knownecesitaba ayuda, pero ellos … ¡si te he visto no me acuerdo!the government didn't want to knowel gobierno se desentendió completamente or no quiso saber nadaI'm not stupid, you know! you'll have to work harder, you knowvas a tener que trabajar más ¿eh?you know, if I had the choice, I'd quit tomorrow¿sabes qué? or ¿sabes una cosa? si pudiera, me iba mañana mismoit's not fair, you know, they should have told usno hay derecho, la verdad, debieron habérnoslo dichoto know
aboutsomething/somebodyhe knows about computerssabe or entiende de computadorasI didn't know about the strikeno estaba enterado or no sabía de lo de la huelgawe know about your little escapade!¡estamos enterados de tu aventurita!I wish we'd known about it earlierojalá nos hubiéramos enterado antescan I invite him? — I don't know about that, we'll have to see
ojalá lo hubiéramos sabido antes¿lo puedo invitar? — no sé, veremosto get to know about something did you know about John?¿sabías lo de John?I don't know about you, but I'm hungry
¿estabas enterado de lo de John?yo no sé tú, pero yo tengo hambreto know
ofsomething/somebodyshe knew of their activitiestenía conocimiento or estaba enterada de sus actividadesnot that I know ofque yo sepa, nodo you know of a good carpenter?¿conoces a or sabes de algún carpintero bueno?I don't actually know her, I know of herno la conozco personalmente, solo de oídas
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