Spain's War of Independence against Napoleon Bonaparte's French occupation was ignited by the popular revolt in Madrid on 2 May 1808 against the French army. With support from the Duke of Wellington, Spanish resistance continued for over five years in a guerra de guerrillas which gave the world the concept and the term guerrilla warfare. The autocratic Fernando VII was restored to the throne in 1814, and his first act was to abolish the progressive Constitution of Cadiz adopted in 1812.
vt (past tense & past participle/pasado y participio pasado laid)
- 1 (put, place) poner* he laid his head on the pillow puso la cabeza en la almohada lay him on his back ponlo or tiéndelo boca arriba lay the cloth flat on the table extiende la tela sobre la mesa he laid a blanket over the sleeping child cubrió al niño dormido con una mantaMore example sentences
- Chuckling, I scooped them up in the palm of my hand and laid them gently on top of a soft pile of Green Stamps and bore them so to London town.
- He scoops up a selection of the sliced eggplant and limps over to the grill on his stovetop, where he carefully lays them to cook alongside the red and yellow peppers.
- Colt lays his hand gently on her shoulder in solidarity.
- 2 (arrange, put down in position) [bricks] poner*, colocar*; [cable/pipes] tender*, instalar; [carpet] poner*, colocar*; [mines] sembrar* they laid the floor with tiles/carpet embaldosaron/alfombraron or (Spain/España) enmoquetaron el suelo the gardens are laid to grass (British English/inglés británico) los jardines están cubiertos de céspedMore example sentences
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- My flat is progressing too, with the bulk of the decorating work likely to be finished this week, and new (cheap and cheerful) carpet to be laid on Wednesday.
- The Red Carpet was especially laid for the guests who really enjoyed their stay there.
- In addition the ventilation system is being improved, seats have been re-covered and new carpets are being laid.
- French security sources said that advanced plans had been laid to use a stolen truck or a helicopter loaded with explosives.
- Plans had also been laid to raise more then £1 million locally.
- Plans are being laid to turn the clock back 60 years across large swathes of the resort for three days in early September.
- 3 (prepare) [fire] preparar; [trap/ambush] tender*; [plans] hacer* to lay the table for dinner poner* la mesa para la cenaMore example sentences
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- Every one of the 400 bedrooms had a coal fire, laid by the staff each day.
- The girl closed the door, lit lamps and a fire that was already laid, then shuttered the only window of the one room cottage, as if wanting privacy.
- A fire has been laid for us in the parlour and I am certain we have much to discuss.
- She had some sort of trap laid and she was preparing to spring it on him.
- By now, the immediate surroundings were quiet, most of the troops had mustered at the south side of camp in preparation to spring the trap that had been laid.
- He laid a ‘glue trap’ by the hole at the back of my kitchen cupboard.
- 4 (present, put forward) to lay a complaint against sb formular or presentar una queja contra algn to lay a case before sb exponer* un caso ante algn charge1 1 1
- 6 (cause to be) one blow laid him flat on his back de un golpe quedó tendido de espaldas en el suelo the blow laid his head open el golpe le partió la cabeza her statements laid her open to criticism sus declaraciones la dejaron expuesta a críticas it laid her under an obligation la puso en un compromiso to lay sb low the punch laid him low el golpe lo dejó fuera de combate or lo tumbó he was laid low by the flu estuvo postrado con la gripe or (Colombia, Mexico/Colombia, México) con la gripa
- 7 [Zoology/Zoología] to lay eggs [bird/reptile] poner* huevos [fish/insects] desovar*
- 8 [bet/wager] hacer*; [money] apostar* I'll lay you $10 on it te apuesto 10 dólares (a) que es así I'll lay (that) he doesn't come back [archaic or dialect/arcaico o dialecto] te apuesto (a) que no vuelve odds 1More example sentences
- The money was duly laid down, so Lucas whipped off his kit and plunged in.
- Something funny is going on here… I'd lay all my money on a bet that it was the Emperor who sent that spell to kill me.
- But despite taking $25,000 bets before, she will be content with laying a more modest wager.
- 9 (locate) [formal] (usually passive/normalmente en voz pasiva) [scene] situar*
- 10 (to have sex with) [slang/argot] tirarse a [slang/argot], follarse a (Spain/España) [vulgar], coger* (Mexico, River Plate area/México, Río de la Plata) [vulgar] he/she wants to get laid quiere echarse un polvo [slang/argot]
vi (past tense & past participle/pasado y participio pasado laid)
- 1 [hen] poner* huevosMore example sentences
- The female wasp lays her eggs inside the developing medfly egg.
- A female butterfly lays an egg that looks like a miniature pearl, or a squashed golf ball, or a whiskey barrel.
- Female flies lay eggs every two or three days, 300 eggs each time, which means the number of flies will rocket if not controlled.
lay aboutverb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento
lay asideverb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
lay downverb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
- 1.1 (put down) [tools/weapons] dejar (a un lado); [burden/responsibilities] librarse or desembarazarse* de she laid herself down on the sand se tumbó en la arena arm1 4 1 1.2 (prescribe, fix) [guidelines/procedure] establecer*, determinar their religion lays down a strict code of conduct su religión impone un estricto código de conducta it is laid down in the constitution/rulebook that … la constitución/el reglamento establece que … law 1 2 1.3 [wine] guardar en la bodega 1.4 [keel] [Nautical/Náutica] empezar* a construir
lay forverb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento (American English/inglés norteamericano)
lay inverb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
- [food/water] aprovisionarse de, proveerse* de, comprar (para guardar) we've laid in supplies for a month tenemos provisiones para un mes
lay intoverb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento [colloquial/familiar]
- 1.1 (attack) emprenderla a golpes con, arremeter contra; (verbally) arremeter contra they laid into their food with gusto empezaron a comer con ganas, atacaron or (in Mexico also/en México también) le entraron con ganas [colloquial/familiar] 1.2 (scold) regañar, retar (Southern Cone/Cono Sur) she really laid into me se ensañó conmigo
- verb + adverb + object, verb + object + adverb/verbo + adverbio + complemento, verbo + complemento + adverbio (American English/inglés norteamericano) despedir*; (British English/inglés británico) suspender temporalmente por falta de trabajo 1.1verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio, verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento [colloquial/familiar] 2.1 (stop pestering) just lay off, will you? ¡basta ya!, ¡terminala de una vez! (River Plate area/Río de la Plata) [colloquial/familiar] lay off me/her! ¡déjame/déjala en paz! 2.2 (give up) dejar you should lay off gambling/the drink deberías dejar el juego/la bebida 2.3 (avoid) lay off politics with him con él no toques el tema de la política
- verb + adverb + object, verb + object + adverb/verbo + adverbio + complemento, verbo + complemento + adverbio 1.1 (arrange, provide) [transport] hacerse* cargo de, proporcionar; [entertainment] ofrecer*, brindar food and drink was laid on by the company la compañía se hizo cargo de la comida y la bebida 1.2 [water/gas/electricity] (British English/inglés británico) conectar 1.3 (apply) [coat of paint] dar*, aplicar* to lay it on thick cargar* las tintas, exagerar the special effects were laid on with a trowel se les fue la mano or [colloquial, ironic/familiar, irónico] se pasaron un pelo con los efectos especiales 1.1verb + object + preposition + object/verbo + complemento + preposición + complemento 2.1 (impose) [burden/fine] imponer* to lay the blame on sb echarle la culpa a algn, culpar a algn see alsostress1 2 1, emphasis 2 2.2 (give, burden with) (American English/inglés norteamericano) [colloquial/familiar] I've got a sermon to lay on both of them esos dos me van a oír [colloquial/familiar] I'm sorry to have to lay all this on you siento tener que preocuparte con todo esto
lay outverb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
- 1.1 [park/garden] diseñar; [town] hacer* el trazado de; [objects] disponer*, arreglar 1.2 [Printing/Imprenta] [page] diseñar, componer*, hacer* la maquetación de 1.3 [points/arguments] plantear, exponer* 1.1 (spend) gastar, desembolsar; (invest) invertir* 1.2 (knock unconscious) dejar sin sentido; (in boxing) dejar KO or fuera de combate, noquear 1.3 4.1 [dead body] amortajar 4.2 [clothes] preparar, disponer*
lay oververb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (American English/inglés norteamericano)
lay toverb + adverb/verbo + adverbio
- verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento (render inactive) (often passive/frecuentemente en voz pasiva) [boat/car] guardar (por una temporada) I was laid up with flu for two weeks la gripe or (Colombia, Mexico/Colombia, México) la gripa me tuvo dos semanas en cama or fuera de circulación 1.1verb + adverb + object/verbo + adverbio + complemento (store up) [supplies] almacenar, guardar to lay up trouble for oneself buscarse* or crearse problemas
adj(before noun/delante del nombre)
- 1.1 (secular) [Religion/Religión] [organization/education] laico lay brother lego (masculine) lay sister lega (feminine) lay preacher predicador, (masculine, feminine) seglarMore example sentences1.2 (not expert) the lay reader el lector lego or profano en la materia, el lector no especializado
- Modern scholarship has done much to rescue the pastoral reputation and moral seriousness of the clergy and their lay supporters at all levels.
- She was training to be a lay preacher, but knew that wasn't where she wanted to be, and wasn't sure where she was going.
- During this time Bethel has been well supported by ministers from the South Wales area, some of them retired, and by lay preachers from the locality.
- 2 [archaic/arcaico] 2.1 (poem) lay (masculine) [archaic/arcaico], trova (feminine) 2.2 (song, melody) balada (feminine) land1 1 1More example sentences
- James Macpherson based his Ossianic pieces on these lays.
- We come to the lay's treatment of the third type: the woman, as represented by the wife.
- In no other of Marie's lays is the roster of personages so heavily weighted toward a single gender.