- 1 countable or uncountable/numerable o no numerable(plural -lies)monopolio (masculine) government/state monopoly monopolio gubernamental or del gobierno/estatal or del Estado they have a monopoly of the market monopolizan el mercado she doesn't have a monopoly on my affections no tiene el monopolio de mis sentimientos to break sb's monopoly acabar con el monopolio de algnMore example sentences
- With cities from Shanghai to Beijing to Shenzhen vying for a piece of the action, Hong Kong is losing its monopoly on China trade.
- From its harbours, Albuquerque's fleet brutally enforced the Portuguese monopoly of the spice trade.
- Decriminalisation has all the disadvantages of increased use while allowing gangs to retain their virtual monopoly on production and supply.
Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
Spain's War of Independence against Napoleon Bonaparte's French occupation was ignited by the popular revolt in Madrid on 2 May 1808 against the French army. With support from the Duke of Wellington, Spanish resistance continued for over five years in a guerra de guerrillas which gave the world the concept and the term guerrilla warfare. The autocratic Fernando VII was restored to the throne in 1814, and his first act was to abolish the progressive Constitution of Cadiz adopted in 1812.