Translation of near in Spanish:

near

Pronunciation: /nɪr; nɪə(r)/

adjective/adjetivo (-er, -est)

  • 1 1.1 (in position) cercano, próximo several of the nearer constellations varias de las constelaciones más cercanas or próximas the nearest store la tienda más cercana these binoculars make everything look very near con estos prismáticos parece que todo está muy cerca
    More example sentences
    • Once over the top the survivors had a clear view of the building in the near distance.
    • Gardens and trees could be seen along the railway and highway, in contrast to the vast desert in the near distance.
    • From his map, he knows there is an oasis somewhere in the near distance.
    1.2 (in time) cercano, próximo
    More example sentences
    • However, he insisted the EGM would be going ahead in the near future.
    • We are going ahead with that and there will be reserves in the near future.
    • Rudin says that a meeting with the judge who controls space allocation in Old City Hall is expected in the near future.
    1.3 (in approximation) parecido the two shades were very near los dos tonos eran muy parecidos that's the nearest thing to an apology you can expect from him eso es lo más parecido a una disculpa que se puede esperar de él 1.4 (closely related) [relative] cercano
    More example sentences
    • A near relative is the larger and better-known Chinese water chestnut.
    • Other fossil animals may be assignable to the Vetulicolia or their near relatives.
    • Many a times, even the near relatives do not reveal the information about the boy's family.
  • 2 (British English/inglés británico) [Cars/Automovilismo] [Riding] izquierdo the near front wheel la rueda delantera izquierda
  • 3 (virtual) (before noun/delante del nombre) there was near panic when the alarms sounded casi se produjo el pánico cuando sonaron las alarmas in a state of near exhaustion prácticamente en estado de agotamiento
    More example sentences
    • Despite my near despair, I was in my usual seat yesterday afternoon.
    • A bullock cart, the cause of the near disaster, materialized from the flurry.
    • Durrant leaned in close to his newest acquaintance and spoke in a near whisper.

adverb/adverbio (-er, -est)

  • 1 1.1 (in position) cerca I go home for lunch as I live quite near voy a almorzar a casa porque vivo muy cerca I've got a cold, so don't come any nearer estoy resfriado, así que no te (me) acerques don't go any nearer to the edge no te acerques más al borde from near and far de todas partes 1.2 (in time) your birthday's getting near now se acerca tu cumpleaños we're getting near to Christmas ya falta poco para Navidad we'll have another rehearsal nearer to the actual day haremos otro ensayo cuando estemos más cerca de la fecha 1.3 (in approximation) it's not exactly the same, but it comes pretty near no es exactamente igual pero se le parece mucho or [colloquial/familiar] le anda cerca her work is very near to perfect su trabajo es casi perfecto the total will be nearer to $1,000 than $500 el total va a estar más cerca de 1.000 que de 500 dólares this is the nearest to what you want esto es lo más parecido a lo que tú quieres 1.4 (on the verge of)near to sth/-ing she was near to tears estaba al borde de las lágrimas or a punto de echarse a llorar management and unions are near to an agreement la empresa y los sindicatos están a punto de llegar a un acuerdo I came very near to hitting him estuve a punto de pegarle, por poco le pego
  • 2 (nearly) casi are you anywhere near finished? [colloquial/familiar] ¿ya estás por terminar?, ¿te falta poco para terminar? that's nowhere near enough [colloquial/familiar] con eso no alcanza, ni mucho menos are you ready? — nowhere near! [colloquial/familiar] ¿estás listo? — ¡ni soñar! or (in River Plate area also/en Río de la Plata también) ¡ni miras! it'll cost $1,000, near enough [colloquial/familiar] costará 1.000 dólares, o por ahí [colloquial/familiar] it's near enough complete now [colloquial/familiar] ya está casi or prácticamente terminado

preposition/preposición (-er, -est)

  • 1.1 (in position) cerca de I live near the station vivo cerca de la estación the room nearest the entrance la habitación que está más cerca de la entrada don't go too near the fire no te acerques demasiado al fuego is there a pay phone near here? ¿hay algún teléfono público por aquí cerca or cerca de aquí? she won't let anyone near the kitchen no quiere que nadie se meta en la cocina 1.2 (in time) we're getting very near Christmas falta muy poco para Navidad we'll discuss it again nearer the time lo discutiremos de nuevo más cerca de la fecha the Monday nearest New Year's Day el lunes más próximo al día de Año Nuevo 1.3 (in approximation) damage was estimated at somewhere near $2,000 los daños se calcularon en cerca de 2.000 dólares I'd say he's nearer 70 than 60 yo diría que está más cerca de los 70 que de los 60 the carpet is nearer orange than yellow la alfombra es más bien naranja que amarilla no one comes near her in stamina los deja a todos muy atrás en resistencia 1.4 (on the verge of) to be/come near sth/-ing the project is now near completion el proyecto está a punto de acabarse we are no nearer an agreement seguimos sin llegar a un acuerdo I came very near giving up estuve a punto de desistir

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • acercarse* a we are nearing our destination nos estamos acercando a nuestro destino he must be nearing his 80th birthday debe faltarle poco para cumplir los 80 the project is nearing completion falta poco para terminar el proyecto

Definition of near in:

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Cultural fact of the day

Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.