plural noun/nombre plural
- estragos (masculine plural) the ravages of war/disease los estragos de la guerra/enfermedad his face was marked by the ravages of time el tiempo había hecho estragos en su rostroMore example sentences
- No more than a shell, it sits almost apologetically, ruined by the ravages of time.
- Did it all just fall apart, ruined by the ravages of time and neglect?
- It's even less fair to airbrush a 60-year-old celebrity and present her as someone who's managed to avoid the ravages of time.
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.