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rough
American English: /rəf/
British English: /rʌf/

Translation of rough in Spanish:

adjective -er, -est

  • 1 1.1 (not smooth)
    (surface/texture/skin)
    áspero
    rugoso
    (cloth)
    basto
    (hands)
    áspero
    basto
    to take the rough with the smooth
    estar a las duras y a las maduras
    Example sentences
    • The next day I placed the figure upright on a piece of 400 grit sandpaper and smoothed out the rough surface of the putty.
    • I could feel the movement, the change in the vibrations as iron-bound wheels went from a rough surface to a smoother one and then back to the former.
    • Mold spores adhere more tightly to the rough surfaces than to the smooth skin of undamaged kernels.
    1.2 (uneven)
    (ground/road)
    desigual
    lleno de baches
    (terrain)
    agreste
    escabroso
    1.3
    (sea)
    agitado
    picado
    encrespado
    we had a rough crossing
    el barco se movió mucho durante la travesía
    Example sentences
    • We heard that the sea was rough over the Channel and did not expect you until the end of the week.
    • I do not think the man will come today; the seas are rough, and the horizon shows more storms to come.
    • ‘This does not bode well with me,’ James said as he held his rifle as though it were a life preserver in rough seas.
    1.4
    (sound/voice)
    áspero
    ronco
    (wine)
    áspero
    Example sentences
    • When he spoke, his voice was rough and husky, barely above a whisper.
    • Unable to even squint at the harsh light, her voice was rough and dry.
    • Jeffrey's voice was rough and his words were harsh but Anthony remained calm and cool, save his eyes.
    Example sentences
    • After eight hours, we had gone solo and had splendid dog fights over the moors, huge fun, especially after two pints of rough cider!
    • It is a lusty, even rough blend of Grenache, Syrah and Carignan.
    • The rough red Italian vino was on the table for every meal and we drank it instead of water, not being too certain of the purity of the ship's drinking water.
  • 2 [colloquial] 2.1 (unpleasant, hard)
    (life/existence)
    duro
    she had a rough time of it when she was young
    lo pasó muy mal cuando era joven
    to be rough on somebody
    ser duro con alguien
    don't be too rough on the kid
    no seas duro con el chico
    the critics have been rough on her recent work
    la crítica ha sido dura con sus últimas obras
    it's a bit rough on her to be left with all the responsibility
    es un poco injusto que le dejen toda la responsabilidad a ella
    Example sentences
    • I have to admit it excited me the way he was rough and aggressive.
    • He was a rough man, but out of his venality and his bestial nature erupted this divine expression on the canvas.
    • It was a busy day and the rough customers were more than a little rowdy that evening.
    Example sentences
    • All right, I understand that you've had a rough time, but there is no way you're finding out my past on these conditions.
    • She looked like she'd had a rough time, and there was a three-foot-thick solid wall a mile high around her heart.
    • If this was the explanation, then they could be in for a rough time.
    2.2 (ill)he feels a bit rough today
    hoy no está muy bien
    hoy se siente bastante mal
  • 3 (not gentle)
    (child/game)
    brusco
    (neighborhood)
    peligroso
    you'll break the doll if you're too rough with it
    vas a romper la muñeca si no la tratas con más cuidado
    she got a rough handling from her interviewers
    los entrevistadores le tiraron a matar
    we want a clean game, no rough stuff [colloquial]
    queremos que jueguen limpio, nada de violencia
    Example sentences
    • Kim thought for a moment and then remembered what Rosie had said about wanting her baby to grow up in a loving family and not on some rough London estate.
    • Living in a relatively rough part of town, I wasn't allowed out an awful lot.
    • It is a very rough place and rarely does anyone from this area go there.
  • 4 4.1 (crude, unpolished)
    (peasant)
    tosco
    rudo
    a rough sketch
    un esbozo
    a rough draft
    un borrador
    all rough working must be shown
    se debe entregar todos los borradores
    rough paper/book (British English)
    papel (masculine) /cuaderno (masculine) de borrador
    precious stones in their rough state
    piedras preciosas en bruto
    it was rough justice
    el castigo fue duro pero justo or merecido
    Example sentences
    • Yet delicacy is not defeated, and this ambiguity in Jansons's paint handling - is it rough or is it refined?
    • Ultimately this scheme has to do with the architects' pleasure in materials and light, and in juxtaposition of the rough and refined.
    • They spoke together in their own rough language for a while before Rastif brought Sanchen over to them.
    Example sentences
    • Even though details are still rough, it's good to know that it placed so much thought into this masterpiece.
    • I wrote various rough drafts, too many of them sarcastic.
    • The book reads like a rough draft, not a polished book.
    4.2 (approximate)
    (calculation/estimate/translation)
    aproximado
    can you give me a rough idea how much it'll cost?
    ¿me puede dar más o menos una idea de lo que costará?
    it would take six months, at a rough guess
    calculo que llevaría unos seis meses más o menos or aproximadamente
    Example sentences
    • We may perceive effects as real but they are in no way approaching even a rough approximation of reality and probably never will.
    • Based on a rough approximation of the time, probably he'd be eating - bran cereal and fresh juice, the same every morning.
    • In a rough approximation, it works the same way as lint, and lint's users will need very little time to understand how to use it.

adverb

  • 1
    (sleep) (a la intemperie o sin las comodidades más básicas)
    he'd been sleeping rough for over a week
    llevaba más de una semana durmiendo donde podía or sin tener donde pasar la noche
  • 2 (violently) if he won't agree, they'll play it rough
    si no acepta, se van a poner duros
    to cut up rough [colloquial]
    ponerse hecho una fiera [colloquial]

noun

  • 1 1.1 (in golf) the rough
    el rough
    1.2 (draft) in the rough
    en borrador
    Example sentences
    • Behind the jar, a sketch pad is peopled with figurative roughs, historical drafts - the preliminaries of art and history, of cultural recognition.
    • Then I went into the mixing studio for six weeks and worked from 7.00 am to 8: 30 am doing the drawings and colour roughs.
    • Since most do not want to believe me, at a couple of random points during the semester, I will take one of the student's pinned-up roughs and wax poetic about various points and rationales.
  • 2 (hooligan) (British English)
    matón, (-tona) (masculine, feminine)
    gamberro, (-rra) (masculine, feminine) (Spain)
    she likes a bit of rough [colloquial]
    le gustan los machotes rudos [colloquial]
    Example sentences
    • Exhausted, the roughs finally shaken off, at 1 a.m. the sweat-soaked, frightened, and bedraggled dandy hammered at the door of his last-hope refuge.
    • Two teams of roughs, clothed in only their union-suits, attempt to wrest the boar-skin from each other's possession.

transitive verb

  • to rough it [colloquial]
    pasar sin comodidades

Phrasal verbs

rough in

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(figures/shapes)
bosquejar
esbozar

rough out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(drawing)
bosquejar
esbozar
hacer un bosquejo or esbozo de
(speech/schedule)
preparar en borrador

rough up

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
[colloquial]
darle una paliza a

Definition of rough in:

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