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rub

Pronunciation: /rʌb/

Translation of rub in Spanish:

transitive verb/verbo transitivo (-bb-)

  • 1.1 (with hand, finger) frotar; (firmly) restregar*, refregar*; (massage) masajear, friccionar she rubbed the glass clean frotó el cristal hasta que quedó limpio don't rub your eye! no te restriegues or refriegues el ojo to rub one's hands together frotarse las manos they will be rubbing their hands together (with glee) as they watch their shares soar estarán frotándose las manos al ver cómo suben sus acciones rub the oil into your skin frótese (la piel) or hágase fricciones con el aceite rub the cream on your skin aplíquese frotando la crema en la piel rub the fat into the flour mezclar la grasa y la harina con los dedos rub your hair dry with this towel sécate el pelo con esta toalla not to have two farthings o halfpennies o pennies to rub together (British English/inglés británico) no tener* donde caerse muerto [colloquial/familiar] to rub sb the wrong way (American English/inglés norteamericano) caerle* mal a algn
    Example sentences
    • Jerry Davis shook his head with a grim set to his firm jaw, rubbing the back of his neck with his large, callused hand.
    • It is important not to just rub the skin over the area but to apply firm downward pressure with the thumb, knuckle or elbow.
    • Julia has her arms crossed and she rubs them, obviously cold.
    Example sentences
    • She swallowed hard and moved, rubbing the cloth over a greasy part of the counter yet to be attended to in her study.
    • She moved away from the wall and rubbed a hand over her face.
    • She found herself twirling her brown hair around her fingertips and rubbing the toe of her shoe on the floor.
    1.2 (clean, polish) frotar she rubbed the silver until it shone frotó la plata hasta que quedó reluciente
    Example sentences
    • Next, a mixture of fine sea salt, cocoa, vitamin C and Chocolate Body Syrup is rubbed into the skin.
    • The ointment must be rubbed into the area, not just applied superficially.
    • At the time, a cream like substance was being rubbed onto my scalp.

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo (-bb-)

  • to rub against/on sth these shoes rub against o on my heels estos zapatos me rozan los talones the cat rubbed against my legs el gato se me restregó contra las piernas

noun/nombre

  • 1 1.1 (act) he gave his knee a good rub se frotó bien la rodilla give your hair a quick rub sécate un poco el pelo con la toalla give my feet a rub masajéame los pies 1.2 (polish) give it a rub to make it shine frótalo (con un paño) para sacarle brillo
  • 2 (difficulty) the rub el problema there's the rub ahí está el problema, esa es la cuestión

Phrasal verbs

rub along

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (British English/inglés británico)
1.1 (get on) we rub along (together) nos llevamos bastante bien 1.2 (manage) how are you? — I'm rubbing along ¿qué tal estás? — voy tirando [colloquial/familiar]

rub down

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
1.1 [horse] almohazar* rub yourself down well with a towel séquese bien frotándose or dándose fricciones con una toalla 1.2 (sandpaper) [wall/paintwork] lijar

rub in

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
[cream/lotion] aplicar* frotando rub in the butter mezcle la mantequilla deshaciéndola con los dedos to rub it in refregarle* algo a algn por la nariz or las narices there's no need to rub it in! no hace falta que me ( or se etc) lo refriegues por la nariz or las narices

rub off

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento [dirt/marks] quitar frotando or restregando or refregando [word/sentence] (from blackboard) (British English/inglés británico) borrar 1.1verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio 2.1 (come off) [dirt/stain] salir* ([ al frotar ]) 2.2 (wear off) [glory/sparkle] desvanecerse*, esfumarse

rub off on

verb + adverb + preposition + object/verbo + adverbio + preposición + complemento
I keep hoping his luck will rub off on me vivo con la esperanza de que se me contagie or [colloquial/familiar] se me pegue su suerte their good manners haven't rubbed off on you a ti no se te han contagiado or [colloquial/familiar] pegado sus buenos modales

rub out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 1.1 (remove) [writing] borrar; [stain] quitar, sacar* (especially Latin America/especialmente América Latina) 1.2 (kill) (American English/inglés norteamericano) [slang/argot], pasaportar [slang/argot], liquidar [colloquial/familiar] 1.1verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio [writing/ink] (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) borrarse; [stain] salir*, quitarse

rub up

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
[metal] pulir, sacarle* brillo a; [wood] lustrar, sacarle* brillo a to rub sb up the wrong way caerle* mal a algn

rub up against

verb + adverb + preposition + object/verbo + adverbio + preposición + complemento
1.1 [cat] frotarse or restregarse* contra 1.2 (meet) [colloquial/familiar] conocer*

Definition of rub in:

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