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scratch

Pronunciation: /skrætʃ/

Translation of scratch in Spanish:

noun/nombre

  • 1 countable/numerable 1.1 (injury) rasguño (masculine), arañazo (masculine) it's just a scratch no es más que un rasguño he escaped without a scratch resultó ileso, salió sin un rasguño (before noun/delante del nombre) scratch mark arañazo (masculine), rasguño (masculine)
    Example sentences
    • Notice the puncture marks, scratches and big gash all the way to the lower right
    • Which card is more likely to be marked by nicks and scratches on its edges?
    • The black scuff marks and smaller scratches left last Friday night don't bother me as much - they're merely cosmetic.
    1.2 (on paint, record, furniture) rayón (masculine)
    Example sentences
    • The sound quality is fine, much as it was on the original LPs - minus the surface noise and scratches, however.
    • The scratches and surface noise of Jeck's vinyl further emphasise this notion.
    • Yes, they were free from the scratches, clicks and pops that plagued records, but otherwise perfect they weren't.
    1.3 (sound) chirrido (masculine)
    Example sentences
    • The only other noises were the scratches of the rats claws as they helped themselves to whatever was stored in their sanctuary.
    • Embedded within Pole's framework of clicks, snaps and scratches are subtle yet absorbing layers of sound.
    • First came the sound of voices outside, a familiar chitter of laughter, then the scratch at the door.
    1.4 (act) (no plural/sin plural) to have a scratch rascarse* can you give my back a scratch? ¿me rascas la espalda?
    Example sentences
    • The women resume their conversation and the dogs, no longer interested in each other have a scratch or look for more interesting smells to divert their attention.
    • When you've got an itch on your back you'll do anything for a scratch and there's not much in the ocean to rub against.
    • I picked up the paper clip as my mind told me ‘Just one little scratch wont hurt.’
  • 3 (in phrases/en locuciones) from scratch he learned German from scratch in six months aprendió alemán en seis meses empezando desde cero did you make the mayonnaise from scratch? ¿hiciste la mayonesa tú mismo?, ¿la mayonesa es casera? I had to start from scratch tuve que empezar desde cero up to scratch [colloquial/familiar] he's simply not up to scratch simplemente no da la talla or no es lo suficientemente bueno if his work comes up to scratch si su trabajo es del nivel requerido

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • 1 1.1 (damage) [paint/record/furniture] rayar 1.2 (with claws, nails) arañar the cat has scratched all the chairs el gato ha arañado todas las sillas she scratched my face me arañó la cara 1.3 [name/initials] marcar*, grabar 1.4 (to relieve itch) [bite/rash] rascarse* could you scratch my back for me? ¿me rascas la espalda? he scratched his head se rascó la cabeza we're all scratching our heads, trying to think of a solution nos estamos devanando los sesos buscando una solución you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours favor con favor se paga, hoy por ti, mañana por mí
  • 2 2.1 (strike out, cancel) [word/sentence] tachar 2.2 (withdraw) [Sport/Deporte] [horse/athlete] retirar

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo

  • 1 1.1 (damage, wound) arañar 1.2 (rub) [wool/sweater] raspar, picar* 1.3 (to relieve itching) rascarse* don't scratch! ¡no te rasques! 1.4 (make scratching sound) rascar* it's the cat scratching at the door es el gato, que está arañando la puerta
  • 2 (withdraw) [Sport/Deporte] retirarse

adjective/adjetivo

(before noun/delante del nombre)
  • 1.1 [Sport/Deporte] [player/runner] de primera 1.2 (haphazard, motley) [team/meal] improvisado

Phrasal verbs

scratch about

(in British English also/en inglés británico también) scratch around verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio
to scratch about (for sth) [animal] escarbar (buscando algo) I spent hours scratching about o around for ideas pasé horas tratando de inspirarme

scratch out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
1.1 (gouge) to scratch sb's eyes out sacarle* los ojos a algn 1.2 (strike out) [name/sentence] tachar; (on ticket) rascar*, raspar

scratch together

scrape together

scratch up

scrape up 2

Definition of scratch in:

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Cultural fact of the day

Spain's literary renaissance, known as the Golden Age (Siglo de Oro/i>), roughly covers the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It includes the Italian-influenced poetry of figures such as Garcilaso de la Vega; the religious verse of Fray Luis de León, Santa Teresa de Ávila and San Juan de la Cruz; picaresque novels such as the anonymous Lazarillo de Tormes and Quevedo's Buscón; Miguel de Cervantes' immortal Don Quijote; the theater of Lope de Vega, and the ornate poetry of Luis de Góngora.