transitive verb/verbo transitivo
- 1 (put, place) poner*, colocar* he set a pitcher of cider before us nos puso una jarra de sidra delante we set the proposal before the committee le presentamos or planteamos la propuesta a la comisión she set a match to the papers prendió fuego a los papeles con un fósforo or (Spain/España) una cerilla or (Mexico/México) un cerillo he set his signature to the document le estampó su firma al documento I set honesty above all other virtues antepongo la honestidad a todas las demás virtudes
- 2 2.1 (cause to be, become) to set sb free poner* en libertad or liberar a algn to set sb loose soltar* a algn to set sb at ease hacer* que algn se sienta a gusto to set fire to sth, to set sth on fire prenderle fuego a algo to set a poem to music ponerle* música a un poema 2.2 (make solid, rigid) [jelly/cheese] cuajar; [cement] hacer* fraguar his face was grimly set tenía una expresión adusta or ceñuda 2.3 (make fast) [dye] fijar
- 3 3.1 (prepare) [trap] tender*; [table] poner* set three places for dinner pon cubiertos para tres para la cena 3.2 [Medicine/Medicina] [bone/dislocated joint] encajar, componer* (Latin America/América Latina) 3.3 [hair] marcar* 3.4 [Printing/Imprenta] [type] componer*Example sentences
- Let your child help with meals by choosing foods, preparing food and setting the table.
- He opened the door for her and ushered her outside where a wrought iron table was set for a meal.
- I should have asked if he thinks setting a proper table takes no talent!
- 4 (adjust) poner* I set the oven at the highest temperature puse el horno a la temperatura más alta I set my watch by the radio puse el reloj en hora por la radio I forgot to set the alarm clock me olvidé de poner el despertadorExample sentences
- You could set your clock or watch with Pat as he drove his herd in our out of the parlour to pasture morning and evening.
- Adelaide is the principal city of the state of South Australia (where one sets one's watch back half an hour when crossing the border).
- Simply put, if you see the dawn, your biological clock sets itself to morning.
- 5 5.1 (arrange, agree on) [date/time] fijar, acordar*; [agenda] establecer*, acordar* 5.2 (impose, prescribe) [target] establecer*; [rules/conditions] establecer*, imponer* 5.3 (allot) [task] asignar; [homework] mandar, poner*; [exam/test/problem] poner*; [text] prescribir*Example sentences5.4 (establish) [precedent] sentar*; [record/standard] establecer*; [fashion] dictar, imponer* you have to set a good example tienes que dar buen ejemplo this ruling sets a precedent este dictamen sienta jurisprudencia or sienta un precedente jurídico this set the tone for the rest of the day esto marcó las pautas que se seguirían el resto del día
- She sets herself ‘tasks’, and likes to do them in the morning before going to work.
- None of the tasks these men set themselves could be described as easy.
- His players, those he inherited and those he has acquired, have passed every character test they have been set.
Example sentences5.5 (fix, assign) [price/bail] fijar it's impossible to set a value on life es imposible ponerle precio a la vida we set a very high value on accuracy valoramos mucho or damos mucha importancia a la precisión
- I felt it would benefit me personally in all future games to set an example and not set such a dangerous precedent.
- It would set a precedent the whole of football would have to follow.
- Resourcefulness is their trait and she says the example her father has set is a constant influence.
- In June another record will be set when five car carriers dock here - the most ever for any one month.
- He is a special player and setting a World Cup record is a marvellous achievement.
- He won by a convincing eight shots and also set a new scoring record for his age division.
- Clearly it is important therefore for you to liaise with your client to ensure the Credit Limit is set at a realistic level.
- This will execute or abandon the trade automatically within price and time limits set by the user.
- The difference is that the government sets a lower limit to the movement of wages and also mandates working conditions and other benefits that are the same for everyone.
- The meeting will take place towards the end of the month although at the time of going to press no firm date has been set.
- To prevent an administrative nightmare, no single date has been set for the changeover.
- No date has been set for the introduction of the rule change which is being recommended by council advisors.
- 6 (cause to do, start) she set them to work in the garden los puso a trabajar en el jardín he set the dogs after them azuzó a los perros para que los persiguieranto set sb/sth
-ingthis will set people thinking/talking esto hará reflexionar/dará que hablar a la gente the news set my pulse racing la noticia hizo que se me disparara el pulso to set sb laughing hacer* reír a algn to set sth going poner* algo en marcha
- 7 (usually passive/normalmente en voz pasiva) 7.1 [book/film] ambientar the novel is set in Japan la novela está ambientada en el Japón the action is set in Victorian England la acción se desarrolla or tiene lugar en la Inglaterra victoriana 7.2 (locate) [building] situar* the mansion is set amid acres of parkland la mansión está situada or enclavada en medio de un vasto parqueExample sentences
- Santa Barbara is set among rolling hills and vineyards that were beautifully captured in the film Sideways.
- The holiday village is about four miles from Penrith and set among more than 400 acres of woodland and lakes.
- The tasteful and triangular green is set bang in the middle of the large village.
- But he sets the film's first act here, and it's obvious where his sympathies lie.
- The seventeenth century Oxford where the crime writer sets his substantial historical novel is in some ways very similar to Morson's city.
- By setting the film at this time and place, he illustrated that Sade's fantasies had in fact become a horrifying reality.
- 8 (mount, insert) [gem] engarzar*, engastar; [stake] hincar*, clavar the posts are set in concrete los postes están puestos en hormigón the crown is set with rubies la corona tiene incrustaciones de rubíes his eyes are set deep in his face/too close together tiene los ojos hundidos/demasiado juntosExample sentences
- Teddy suddenly stood, setting his coffee cup onto the tray as Christopher and Sara looked to him.
- She stood up after setting her tea cup down on a coaster and walked to the coffee table.
- Then she stood to set the dish with its few remaining crumbs back on the tray.
- The diamonds have been set close to each other to give them a solitaire look.
- She kept the original, which was set into a tiepin for my father in law.
- 9 (turn, direct) we set our course for the nearest island pusimos rumbo a la isla más cercana our course is set eastward llevamos rumbo al este
- 10 [Botany/Botánica] [seed] replantar
intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo
- 1 (go down) [sun/moon] ponerse*Example sentences
- I sat in the soccer field gazing up at the sky as the sun was setting and a new moon was rising.
- The sun was setting over the horizon, and the skies were stained with faint pinks and lavenders and blues.
- Slowly she began to draw a wolf on a cliff looking down on the land below with the sun setting.
- 2 2.1 (become solid, rigid) [jelly] cuajar(se); [cement] fraguar* her face set in a grimace la cara se le contrajo en una mueca his expression set in a frozen smile se le heló la sonrisa en los labios 2.2 (become fast) [dye] fijarseExample sentences2.3 [Medicine/Medicina] [bone] soldarse*
- It tastes fine but I over boiled it and it has set almost rock solid.
- Oh, and if you want a new building material, try having cereal and yogurt, because all the fluid goes into the cereal and the rest of the yogurt sets solid.
- Once set, you hardened them in the airing cupboard and painted them with the stuff that was supplied.
- Charlie read how to set a broken leg and wilted at the thought of doing that to Jo.
- This was operated on but there was a problem setting the bone and when it failed to heal properly, he had to have it done again.
- The surgeon breaks the displaced bone and sets it into a better position.
- By that time, the bones had set, so doctors had to break the bones again in order to permit a proper resetting.
- When he glanced back at the corner, jaw setting, she laid her hand on his arm.
- Following my faint shadow across the tan carpet and up to my feet then leisurely climbing to my face until our eyes meet, the enemy noticeably tenses and her jaw sets.
- His jaw sets and he doesn't respond, and I know he knows that was a mean thing for him to say, but I also know he isn't going to apologise.
- 5 [Botany/Botánica] [seed/fruit/plant] dar* frutoExample sentences
- Fertilize during the growing season, but to avoid excessive vegetative growth and fewer blooms, do not overapply nitrogen after the first fruit sets.
- He applies a third of each plant's yearly allotment before spring growth starts and the rest after fruit sets.
- Alex rang in with problem tomatoes - he had good flowers but the fruit is not setting.
- Simply cut the heads in July and August before the flower sets seeds.
- Before it sets seeds, Mike digs every last bit of the plant from the soil, then lays it in the sun for a couple of days.
- Where flowers had formerly held forth with a cheerful kaleidoscope of petals, plants were now busily setting seeds.
set aboutverb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento 1.1 (begin, tackle) I spent a long time deciding how to set about the task me llevó mucho tiempo decidir cómo acometer la tarea we set about cleaning the room nos pusimos a limpiar la habitación how does one set about applying for the job? ¿qué hay que hacer para solicitar el trabajo? 1.2 (attack) atacar*, agredir they set about him with sticks empezaron a darle or a golpearlo con palos
set againstverb + object + preposition + object/verbo + complemento + preposición + complemento (cause to quarrel) poner* en contra de, enemistar con to set father against son poner* al padre en contra del hijo, enemistar al padre con el hijo 1.1 (balance, compare) the advantages must be set against the disadvantages hay que contraponer or sopesar los pros y los contras set against other estimates, your company's offer … comparada con otros presupuestos, la oferta de su compañía … these costs can be set against your total income (for tax reasons) estos gastos pueden deducirse de sus ingresos, estos gastos desgravan
set apartverb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio (make different) distinguir*, hacer* distinto or diferente what sets this novel apart is … lo que distingue a esta novela es …, lo que hace a esta novela distinta or diferente es … her extraordinary talent sets her apart from the other children su extraordinario talento la hace distinta or diferente de los otros niños
set asideverb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 1.1 (save, reserve) [food/goods] guardar, apartar, reservar; [time] dejar; [money] guardar, ahorrar 1.2 (put to one side, shelve) [book/task/project] dejar (de lado) boil for five minutes and set aside dejar hervir durante cinco minutos y apartar or poner a un lado 1.3 (disregard) [hostility/bitterness] dejar de lado; [rules/formality] prescindir de; [judgment/verdict] anular
set back verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 1.1 (delay) [progress] retrasar, atrasar; [clock] atrasar this has set the project back several months esto ha retrasado el proyecto varios meses 1.2 (place at a distance) (usually passive/normalmente en voz pasiva) the house is set well back from the road la casa está bastante apartada or retirada de la carretera 1.1verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio (cost) [colloquial/familiar] the trip set her back £100 el viaje le costó or le salió (por) 100 libras
set byverb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento [supplies] guardar, reservar, apartar; [money] guardar, ahorrar
set down verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 1.1 (put down) [object] poner*, colocar*; (emphatically) depositar 1.2 [passenger] dejar he set me down near my house me dejó cerca de casa 1.3 (record in writing) she set down her experiences in her autobiography escribió or relató sus experiencias en su autobiografía all the facts you need are set down in this book todos los datos que necesitas están en este libro 1.4 (prescribe) [rule/condition] establecer*, fijar 1.5 (assess) clasificar*, catalogar* I've already set him down as work-shy ya lo tengo clasificado or catalogado como perezoso 1.6 (attribute) to set sth down
set forth verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (depart) [literary/literario] partir [literary/literario], salir* 1.1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento (outline, present) [formal] [argument/theory] exponer*; [aims/policies/proposition] presentar the details are set forth in this document los detalles están expuestos or se exponen en este documento
set in verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (gain hold) [infection] declararse if rust/decay sets in una vez que empieza a oxidarse/deteriorarse after the operation complications set in después de la operación surgieron complicaciones at last a thaw seems to be setting in parece que por fin empieza el deshielo 1.1verb + adverb + object, verb + object + adverb/verbo + adverbio + complemento, verbo + complemento + adverbio (in sewing) [pocket] poner*; [sleeve] pegar*, poner*
set off verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (begin journey) salir* when do you set off on your trip? ¿cuándo sales or te vas de viaje? I set off for France salí para Francia 1.1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 2.1 (activate) [bomb/mine] hacer* explotar or estallar; [alarm] hacer* sonar; [firework] lanzar*, tirar 2.2 (start) [speculation] dar* lugar a; [strike] desencadenar every time she looked at him, it set her off again cada vez que lo miraba, empezaba otra vez the photographs set us off reminiscing las fotos nos hicieron empezar a rememorar you'll set her off on one of her stories le estás dando pie para que se ponga a contar uno de sus cuentos 2.3 (enhance) hacer* resaltar, darle* realce a the painting was set off by the dark background el fondo oscuro hacía resaltar el cuadro, el fondo oscuro le daba realce al cuadro 2.4 (offset) to set sth off
set on verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento (attack) atacar*, agredir* he was set on by thieves fue atacado por ladrones 1.1verb + object + preposition + object/verbo + complemento + preposición + complemento we set the dogs on him le echamos or le lanzamos los perros she set a private detective on him contrató a un detective privado para que lo siguiera
set out verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio 1.1set off 1 1.2 (begin, intend) I didn't set out with that intention no empecé con esa intenciónto set out to +
set to verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio 1.1 (begin) empezar* we set to with a will empezamos or nos pusimos a trabajar con ganas 1.2 (begin fighting) they set to with their fists se empezaron a dar puñetazos 1.1verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento to set to work ponerse* a trabajar
set up verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento 1.1 (erect, assemble) [monument] levantar, erigir* [formal]; [tent] montar, armar; [machine/equipment] montar, armar [type] [Printing/Imprenta] componer* they set up (their) camp near the river acamparon cerca del río 1.2 (arrange, plan) [meeting] convocar* a, llamar a; [kidnapping] planear have we got anything set up for next week? ¿tenemos algo previsto or planeado para la semana que viene? we hope to set up a deal with them esperamos llegar a un trato or acuerdo con ellos 1.3 (institute, found) [committee/commission] crear; [inquiry] abrir*; [school/charity] fundar he set up his own business montó su propio negocio 1.4 (establish) [record] establecer* 1.5 (establish) he set her up in an apartment le puso un departamento or (Spain/España) un piso she set herself up as a photographer se estableció como fotógrafa he set his son up as a farmer le compró una granja a su hijo she's now set up for life ahora tiene todos los problemas resueltos, ahora tiene el porvenir asegurado, se paró para toda la vida (River Plate area/Río de la Plata) [colloquial/familiar] 1.6 [colloquial/familiar] (frame) tenderle* una trampa a 1.7 [colloquial/familiar] (rig) arreglar the fight was set up la pelea estaba arreglada 1.8 [colloquial/familiar] (provide drinks) set them up, Jack! ¡sírvenos, Jack! 1.1verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio 2.1 (invigorate, restore health of) reanimar 2.2to set sb/oneself up
set upon set on 1
- 1 countable/numerable 1.1 (of tools, golf clubs, bowls, pens, keys) juego (masculine); (of books, records) colección (feminine); (of stamps) serie (feminine) a set of cutlery un juego de cubiertos, una cubertería a set of saucepans una batería de cocina a set of bedroom furniture un juego de dormitorio a matching set of sheets and pillowcases un juego de cama set of dentures una dentadura postiza a set of headphones unos auricolares or (in Latin America also/en América Latina también) audífonos a boxed presentation set un juego en estuche para obsequio I need four more to make up the set me faltan cuatro para completar el juego ( or la colección etc) coffee/tea set juego de café/téExample sentences1.2 [Mathematics/Matemáticas] conjunto (masculine)
- Some of the toys are considered highly collectable and a full set of toys from the range is highly prized.
- Of the last six Christmasses I've spent at home I've collected a full set of the presents I wanted.
- Riders would be booked by phone and arrive with a spare set of protective clothes and crash helmet.
- His work on ordered sets and ordinal numbers is fundamental to the subject.
- This is an example of what is known as a fractal set since its dimension is not a whole number.
- For finite sets, the cardinal numbers are the whole numbers.
- 2 countable/numerable (+ singular or plural verb/+ verbo en singular o plural) 2.1 (group, clique) she was never at ease with their set nunca se sintió cómoda en su círculo or en ese ambiente he goes around with an odd set anda con un grupo de gente rara the county set (British English/inglés británico) la aristocracia menor de provincias 2.2 (British English/inglés británico) [Sch] [ grupo de estudiantes seleccionados de acuerdo a sus aptitudes ]Example sentences
- But his board of management and the school's patron body said that both sets of pupils should be taught religion together.
- The government's own research has shattered one of the central planks of his educational philosophy - that the way to raise standards in schools is by putting more pupils in sets.
- He said the marking on some papers was ‘scrappy’ and the inconsistent results made it more difficult to place pupils in appropriate sets for next term.
- 3 countable/numerable [Television/Televisión] aparato (masculine), televisor (masculine); [Radio] aparato (masculine), receptor (masculine)Example sentences
- He was eight years old when he witnessed the Battle of Britain in the form of Churchillian rhetoric on a radio set.
- Knots of people formed on street corners close to anyone who had a portable TV or a radio set.
- Early diodes in electronics were made from metal plates sealed inside evacuated glass tubes, which could be seen glowing in the innards of old radio sets.
- Behind every actor you'll find props, stage scenery and sets.
- He also did sets for Jean Cocteau's play Antigone.
- The film is nearly flawless from a cinematic and directorial perspective, with gorgeous scenery, sets, and production design.
- 4 countable/numerable (in tennis, squash) set (masculine) he won in straight sets ganó sin perder or sin conceder ningún setExample sentences
- He can climb all over an opponent, and he can fling a game and a set and match away in moment of sheer lunacy.
- Winning it back in the fifth game of that set went some way towards helping him to firm up his play.
- He found trouble in the third only because of a loose service game to open the set.
- 5 countable/numerable (performance) [Music/Música] actuación (feminine), serie (feminine) ([ de canciones etc ])Example sentences
- That also didn't go over so well, as they left after a short set of, let's say, five or so songs.
- The relatively short set of seven songs makes for a remarkable performance.
- There's at least half a dozen anthems in their set, which with a live drummer could be difficult to contain.
- 6 countable/numerable (in square dancing)[ disposición de las parejas y serie de figuras de la danza ]
- 7 countable/numerable 7.1 [Theater/Teatro] (stage) escenario (masculine); (scenery) decorado (masculine) 7.2 [Cinema/Cine] plató (masculine) to be on set estar* en el platóExample sentences
- These images bear witness to the pair's physical and emotional closeness on set, but the film was not to go smoothly.
- The second meeting was when Professor Hawking came on set during filming at Cambridge.
- It is only this year that writers in Hollywood gained the right to be on set.
- 9 uncountable/no numerable 9.1 (posture, angle) the set of her shoulders su postura the set of his cap la manera en que lleva puesta la gorra the set of the sails [Nautical/Náutica] la posición de las velas to make a dead set at sb/sth he's making a dead set at the presidency se ha propuesto obtener la presidencia she made a dead set at David trató de conquistarse or [colloquial/familiar] ligarse a David 9.2 (fit) the set of the collar is wrong el cuello está mal colocado or no asienta bien 9.3 (of wind, current) dirección (feminine)
- 1 (established, prescribed) [wage/price] fijo meals are at set times las comidas son a determinadas horas there are no set times for visiting no hay horas de visita establecidas there isn't a set procedure for doing it no hay un procedimiento establecido para hacerlo his mornings usually follow a set pattern tiene una rutina establecida para las mañanas one of the set books [Sch] [Univ] una de las obras prescritas, una de las obras del programa we ordered the set menu/lunch (British English/inglés británico) pedimos el menú del día or el menú a precio fijoExample sentences
- I've been doing the set work hours thing ever since my first job, but would so much like not to have to.
- It only works as a punishment, with no-one receiving extra pay if they work later than their set hours.
- It won't be a case of ticking the boxes, as it is at the moment, and fulfilling a set number of hours of broadcasting.
- Every student on a given course simply has to have at least one set book, and probably several.
- A psychiatrist told me he was making the book a set text for his students.
- I am inspired to read the book which passed me by as a set text at school.
- 2 (predicative/predicativo) 2.1 (ready, prepared) to be set estar* listo, estar* pronto (River Plate area/Río de la Plata) is everything set for the meeting? ¿está todo preparado or listo or (River Plate area/Río de la Plata) pronto para la reunión? we're all set for action estamos listos para la batalla all set (to go)? ¿listos? 2.2 (likely, about to) to be set to +
infinitive/infinitivollevar camino de + infinitive/infinitivothe problem seems set to deepen el problema lleva camino de recrudecer or agravarse 2.3 (determined, resolute) she seems set for a comeback parece estar decidida or resuelta a hacer su reaparición he was all set to walk out estaba totalmente decidido or resuelto a irse she's absolutely set on that bicycle está empeñada en que tiene que ser esa bicicleta he's dead set on going to college está resuelto or decidido a ir a la universidad sea como sea
- 3 3.1 (rigid, inflexible) [smile/expression] forzado, falto de espontaneidad to be set in one's ways tener* costumbres muy arraigadas, estar* muy acostumbrado a hacer las cosas de determinada manera a man of very set opinions un hombre inflexible en sus opiniones he is firmly set against innovation se opone totalmente a toda innovación 3.2 (solid) [yoghurt/custard/jelly] cuajadoExample sentences
- I don't come in with a lot of set ideas about how the actors will move or what the staging is.
- We need a set idea of core values and principles that are not up for discussion.
- Everyone, from the chief executive down, had become trapped in a set pattern of behaviour.
- Matt was now quickly walking over to her and Johnny with a set expression on his face.