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shake
American English: /ʃeɪk/
British English: /ʃeɪk/

Translation of shake in Spanish:

transitive verb past tense shook past participle shaken

  • 1 1.1 (cause to move, agitate)
    (bottle/cocktail)
    agitar
    (person)
    sacudir
    zarandear
    (building/foundations)
    sacudir
    hacer temblar
    shake well before use
    agítese bien antes de usar
    the dog shook himself energetically
    el perro se sacudió con fuerza
    she shook herself free from him
    se liberó de él de una sacudida
    to shake something off/from somethingwe shook the fruit from the branch
    sacudimos la rama para que cayese la fruta
    I shook the dust off o from my coat
    me sacudí el polvo del abrigo
    to shake something out of somethinghe shook the beads out of the bag onto the table
    sacudió la bolsa para que las cuentas cayeran a la mesa
    she shook the sand out of the towel
    sacudió la toalla para quitarle la arena
    I shook the creases out of my shirt
    sacuda la camisa para quitarle las arrugas
    to shake hands
    darse la mano
    darse un apretón de manos
    to shake hands with somebody
    darle or estrecharle la mano a alguien
    to shake somebody's hand, to shake somebody by the hand
    darle or estrecharle la mano a alguien
    darle un apretón de manos a alguien
    he shook me warmly by the hand
    me dio un caluroso apretón de manos
    to shake hands on a deal
    cerrar un trato con un apretón de manos
    to shake one's head
    decir que no or negar con la cabeza
    Example sentences
    • From the courtyard, the explosion of a grenade shook the house.
    • On the bridge, the explosion nearly shook everyone to the deck.
    • The explosion shook the fortress and hurled her to the floor.
    Example sentences
    • I sit up in my bunk and swing my legs over the side, shaking my foot violently.
    • She grabbed at her stomach as forced laughter shook her sides.
    • And then the car flipped over tossing them into the side of something and shaking them about violently.
    1.2 (brandish)
    (sword/stick)
    agitar
    blandir
    to shake one's fist at somebody
    amenazar a alguien con el puño
    Example sentences
    • I turned before I left and shook my fist threateningly at him, then slammed his door.
    • Governments that desire otherwise can only shake their fist in anger.
    • Glen shook his fist in mock anger, and was answered by another stuck-out-tongue.
  • 2 2.1 (undermine, impair)
    (courage/nerve)
    hacer flaquear
    (faith)
    debilitar
    the scandal has shaken the financial world
    el escándalo ha conmocionado al mundo de las finanzas
    Example sentences
    • The town was shocked and shaken by a very horrible tragedy.
    • For the next two nights, Kimmel was visibly shaken and uncomfortable.
    • A publicist arrives to announce Drew is visibly shaken.
    2.2 (shock, surprise) she was badly shaken by the news of his death
    la noticia de su muerte la impresionó or la afectó muchísimo
    to shake somebody rigid [colloquial]
    dejar a alguien helado [colloquial]
    he needs to be shaken out of his apathy
    necesita un revulsivo que lo saque de su apatía

intransitive verb past tense shook past participle shaken

  • 1 (move, tremble)
    (earth)
    temblar
    (hand/voice)
    temblar
    the branches shook in the wind
    las ramas se agitaban con el viento
    he was shaking with laughter
    se sacudía de la risa
    he was shaking with fear/cold/rage
    estaba temblando de miedo/frío/rabia
    her voice shook slightly
    le temblaba ligeramente la voz
    Example sentences
    • The entire area shook from the attack, and I was sure Logan was cursing at me.
    • The whole area shook as pieces of the ceiling began to rain down on them.
    • Morgan braced himself as the process began; the whole room shook as the generators began churning out an unearthly hum.
    Example sentences
    • Tears spilt from gray eyes as Suki's body shook with uncontrolled emotion.
    • Her whole body shook with emotion as she strode blindly along some path.
    • Chance watched her for a few moments, her body shaking with emotion.
  • 2 (shake hands) [colloquial]let's shake on it
    ¡choca esos cinco! [colloquial]
    ¡chócala(s)! [colloquial]
    they shook on it
    Example sentences
    • She tried in vain to break the restraints or shake off the helmet.
    • But I could never shake off the loneliness that comes from being different from the majority.
    • He could never shake off his image as a somewhat effete elitist from America's prosperous northeast.

noun

  • 1 (act)
    (violent) sacudida (masculine) violenta
    sacudón (masculine) (Latin America)
    I gave the dice a good shake
    les di una buena sacudida a los dados
    he gave my hand a firm shake
    me dio un fuerte apretón de manos
    he replied with a shake of the head
    contestó negando con la cabeza
    in two shakes (of a lamb's tail), in a couple o brace of shakes [colloquial]
    en un periquete or en un santiamén or en una patada [colloquial]
    to be no great shakes [colloquial]
    no ser gran cosa [colloquial]
    no ser nada del otro mundo or nada del otro jueves [colloquial]
    so far he has proved no great shakes as a leader
    hasta el momento no ha demostrado ser gran cosa como líder [colloquial]
    hasta el momento no ha demostrado ser nada del otro mundo or nada del otro jueves como líder [colloquial]
    Example sentences
    • Camera shake is one of the most common flaws in any video production and yet it can easily be reduced.
    • The walls seemed to stretch and reach forever, but the young man just dispelled the image with a shake of his head.
    • He gave a single shake of his head and knit his brow.
    Example sentences
    • Whatever he had planned for him today, he doubted that the shakes and a cold sweat would go over well.
    • The steroid in the cocktail had the side effect of the shakes along with keeping his lungs alive.
    • By some small miracle, his leg had gone undamaged, but he had since contracted a severe case of the shakes.
  • 3
    also: shakes plural
    (trembling) [colloquial]to have the shakes
    estar temblequeando [colloquial]
    he got the shakes
    le dio or le entró la tembladera or el tembleque or (Mexico) la temblorina [colloquial]
  • 4 (deal, treatment) (American English) [colloquial] (no plural) a fair shake
    un trato justo
  • 5 (Construction)
    Example sentences
    • On the exterior, they replaced the fiberglass wall shingles with stained cedar shakes and put in oversized, divided-light windows.
    • The shingles are wooden shakes that, apart from the new sections, are greyed from the elements and the outside paintjob is a cream colour with green trim.
    • The neat frame building bore a skin of immaculate white clapboard, the tall, pyramidal steeple above the front door shingled with new cedar shakes.

Phrasal verbs

shake down

[colloquial]
1verb + adverb 1.1 (settle in) to shake down in a job/town
acostumbrarse or hacerse a un trabajo/una ciudad
1.2 (live temporarily)
quedarse
2verb + object + adverb (American English) 2.1 (extort money) they shook me down for a couple of hundred dollars
me sacaron doscientos dólares
me hicieron largar doscientos dólares [colloquial]
2.2 (search)
(person)
cachear
registrar
(building)
registrar
2.3 (put through trials)
(ship/plane)
probar

shake off

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
(pursuer/reporter)
deshacerse or zafarse de
quitarse or [colloquial] sacudirse de encima
(habit)
quitarse
(cold)
quitarse de encima
she couldn't shake off her depression
no podía salir de su depresión

shake out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
1
(cloth/mat/bag)
sacudir
2 (contents)she seized the bag and shook out several coins
agarró la bolsa, la sacudió y salieron varias monedas

shake up

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object
1 1.1
(liquid)
agitar
1.2
(cushion/pillow)
sacudir
2 [colloquial]
(industry/personnel)
reorganizar totalmente
he'll shake the team up
le va a dar una buena sacudida al equipo [colloquial]
your ideas need shaking up!
¡tienes que aclarar tus ideas!
3 (disturb, shock) [colloquial]she was shaken up by the news
la noticia la impresionó or la afectó mucho
is he hurt? — no, just a bit shaken up
¿se ha hecho daño? — no, se ha llevado un susto (y está un poco alterado)

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