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short

Pronunciation: /ʃɔːrt; ʃɔːt/

Translation of short in Spanish:

adjective/adjetivo (-er, -est)

  • 1 (of length, height, distance) [hair/skirt/grass] corto; [person] bajo that dress is too short for her ese vestido le queda demasiado corto he's shorter than her él es más bajo que ella what's the shortest route to town? ¿cúal es el camino más corto a la ciudad? you were still in short pants o (British English/inglés británico) trousers aún llevabas pantalones cortos or andabas de pantalón corto they only live a short way off o away viven muy cerca we've only got a short way to go ya nos falta poco (para llegar) to get sb by the short hairs o (in British English also/en inglés británico también) by the short and curlies [colloquial/familiar] pillar or agarrar or pescar* a algn [colloquial/familiar] to have sb by the short hairs o (in British English also/en inglés británico también) by the short and curlies [colloquial/familiar] tener* agarrado a algn [colloquial/familiar]
    Example sentences
    • The offender is described as a white man, 5ft 10 in tall, with short dark hair and of medium build.
    • He had short dark hair, a small thin moustache and brown eyes.
    • The suspect is a white man, 6ft tall, with stubble, short dark hair, and crooked white teeth.
    Example sentences
    • This is not a problem on short journeys but on a long haul it can literally become a pain in the neck.
    • Now hardly anybody works on Saturday mornings and cars and buses are freely available to make the short journey to Ibrox or Parkhead.
    • I was put up at a villa that stood on stilts in the sea and which required a short journey by boat to reach from the main resort itself.
    Example sentences
    • Wrapping her arms about her, Jenni cursed her choice of a skirt and short sleeves.
    • Only now they were incongruously dressed in sheepskin jackets and short skirts.
    • She was never associated with skimpy bathing suits, low cut gowns and short dresses.
    Example sentences
    • You have to imagine a tiny, thin, short fellow with a white beard and bald head.
    • She's short and petite, with dimples in her smile and her hair in small little buns.
    • She is short and petite in frame - a trait she inherited from her Japanese mother.
    Example sentences
    • He was short with the press, which did not endear him when it came to the races with Coe.
    • British Transport Police are being very short with their version of events.
    • I don't know what I have done to upset him but I must have done something as Gareth has been very short with me of late.
  • 2 2.1 (brief) [visit/vacation/trip] corto the days are getting shorter los días van acortándose they're striking for shorter hours están de huelga porque quieren una reducción de la jornada laboral a short time ago hace poco (tiempo) a short while ago hace poco rato, hace un ratito [colloquial/familiar] we've only lived here for a short time o while hace poco (tiempo) que vivimos aquí in just a few short years en pocos años to have a short memory tener* mala memoria the short answer to that is no en una palabra: no Liz is short for Elizabeth Liz es el diminutivo de Elizabeth we call him Rob for short lo llamamos Rob para abreviar I'll keep this short and to the point iré al grano short and sweet her visit was short and sweet su visita fue corta: lo bueno si breve dos veces bueno … 2.2 [Linguistics/Lingüística] [vowel/syllable] breve
    Example sentences
    • Maybe it's all part of a plan to nullify the threat from the land of the short sharp vowel.
    • There are other vowel sounds in our language besides the short and long vowels.
    Example sentences
    • Many local accents are marked by a rhythm that tends to lengthen stressed vowels and to reduce or eliminate unstressed short vowels.
    • It can occur in syllable coda position, but only after a short vowel.
    • A trochee is a metrical foot of two syllables, the first long and the second short.
    2.3in short (briefly) en resumen, resumiendo
    Example sentences
    • We'll continue our conversation with both of these senators after a short break.
    • After a short conversation he left but the residents believe someone tampered with a back window while he was there.
    • She was suspicious and, after a short conversation, told the man to leave.
    Example sentences
    • Plan to write a relatively short novel; you are producing one book, not a library.
    • One of the key issues to be considered in this short introduction is the extent to which this is true.
    • The third book is longer than the first two, but is relatively short.
  • 3 (brusque, impatient) [manner] brusco, cortante he was very short with me estuvo muy brusco or cortante conmigo she has a very short temper tiene muy mal genio
  • 4 (inadequate, deficient) escaso the troops were on short rations las raciones de las tropas eran escasas to be in short supply escasear he was fined for giving short weight lo multaron por no dar el peso exacto time is getting short queda poco tiempo, se está acabando el tiempo I'm a bit short just now ando algo corto or escaso or apurado de dinero en este momento we're/they're still six people short o (in American English also/en inglés norteamericano también) short six people todavía nos/les faltan seis personas the throw was short by several meters el tiro se quedó corto varios metros(to be) short of sth/sb we're very short of time estamos muy cortos or escasos de tiempo, tenemos muy poco tiempo they were short of staff no tenían suficiente personal do you get short of breath? ¿se queda sin aliento? five miles short of our destination a cinco millas de nuestro destino we're still a long way short of our target estamos todavía muy lejos de nuestro objetivo he's just short of six feet tall mide poco menos de seis pies it would be nothing short of a miracle sería un verdadero or un auténtico milagro nothing short of a miracle can save us now solo un milagro nos puede salvar it would be nothing short of disastrous no sería ni más ni menos que un desastre nothing short of a full apology will satisfy him solo con una disculpa como Dios manda se quedará satisfecho short of asking him outright, I don't know how you can find out salvo que or a menos que le preguntes directamente, no sé cómo podrás averiguarloto be short on sth [colloquial/familiar] he's a bit short on brains es algo corto (de entendederas) [colloquial/familiar] they're not short on enthusiasm no les falta entusiasmo
    Example sentences
    • We have not gotten off that, which is why we're short on equipment and personnel and training.
    • They were short on information, but all said Deane had resigned from the OPP.
    • If you're short on time and desperately in need of a one-stop option for all of your green needs, you're in luck.
    Example sentences
    • Six days after Tropical Storm Jeanne hit the island, water and food supplies are short.
    • The co-operative's arable manager, Phil Rees, warned that supplies could be very short next spring.
    • He added that there is a short supply of trained diabeticians.
  • 5 [Cookery/Cocina] [pastry] que se deshace fácilmente ([ por contener mucha mantequilla o grasa ])
    Example sentences
    • The easiest way to do this with very short pastry is wrap it lightly around the rolling pin, lift the pastry up on the rolling pin, and lay it on top of the fruit.
    • The short pastry is good and the sauce emulsified, but filling is bland invalid food and the ham is elusive.
    • This had thin, short pastry nicely dusted with icing sugar and was delicious.
  • 6 [Finance] 6.1 [sale] al descubierto 6.2 [bill] a corto plazo
    Example sentences
    • It is unusual because of the falling interest rate environment during most of the period, at least for short bonds, followed by a leveling off and slight rise in the last few months.
    Example sentences
    • Take short positions with caution until the market reverts back to bull confirmed.
    • Unlike other investors, he can establish either long or short positions in securities.
    • Shorters or short sellers are traders who sell shares that they don't already own.

adverb/adverbio

  • 1 (suddenly, abruptly) he cut me short me interrumpió, no me dejó terminar he cut short his vacation interrumpió sus vacaciones he stopped short when he saw me se paró en seco cuando me vio the train stopped just short of the obstruction el tren se paró justo antes del obstáculo they stopped short of firing him les faltó poco para echarlo he was brought up short by what she said lo que ella dijo lo dejó helado to be caught short we were caught short by an unexpected influx of visitors la inesperada llegada de turistas nos pilló or (especially Spain/especialmente España) nos cogió desprevenidos to be caught o (in British English also/en inglés británico también) taken short (need toilet) [colloquial/familiar] I was caught short at the station me entraron unas ganas terribles de ir al baño or al servicio en la estación
  • 2 (below target, requirement) to fall short [shell/arrow] quedarse corto where they fall short is … en lo que fallan es …to fall short of sth we fell short of our target no alcanzamos nuestro objetivo their quality falls short of our requirements la calidad de sus productos está por debajo de nuestras exigencias or no está a la altura de lo que exigimosto fall … short of sth the arrow fell several meters short of its target la flecha cayó a varios metros del blanco his performance fell well short of our expectations su actuación estuvo muy por debajo de lo que esperábamosto go short (of sth) we never went short of food nunca nos faltó la comida her parents never let her go short (of money) sus padres no permiten que le falte nada/que le falte dinero I went short of many things to pay that bill tuve que privarme de muchas cosas para pagar esa cuenta my patience is running short se me está acabando or agotando la paciencia we're running short of coffee se nos está acabando el café, nos estamos quedando sin café sell 1 1 1

noun/nombre

  • 3 (drink) (British English/inglés británico) [ copa de bebida alcohólica de las que se sirven en pequeñas cantidades, como el whisky o el coñac ]

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo

  • [Electricity/Electricidad] hacer* un cortocircuito

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • provocar* un cortocircuito en

Phrasal verbs

short out

(American English/inglés norteamericano) [Electricity/Electricidad]
verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio [fuse] fundirse; [iron/hairdryer] hacer* (un) cortocircuito 1.1verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento [fuse] fundir

Definition of short in:

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