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sit

(present participle/participio presente sitting past tense & past participle/pasado y participio pasado, sat)
Pronunciation: /sɪt/

Translation of sit in Spanish:

intransitive verb/verbo intransitivo

  • 1 1.1 (sit down) sentarse* come and sit beside me ven y siéntate a mi lado or junto a mí there was nowhere to sit no había donde sentarse sit! (command to dog) ¡siéntate! she sat on my knee se me sentó en las rodillas
    Example sentences
    • The patient used her arms while sitting to support the weight of the trunk in order to avoid pressure on the sacrum.
    • The design encourages children to sit upright rather than slumped.
    • And everyone who gives is also becoming active in our support, rather than sitting at home frustrated at the media coverage.
    1.2 (be seated) estar* sentado she sat there, staring into space estaba allí sentada, con la mirada perdida that's where the boss sits ahí se sienta el jefe you're sitting on my hat! ¡estás sentado encima de mi sombrero! I have to sit at home while she's out enjoying herself yo me tengo que quedar entre estas cuatro paredes mientras ella se divierte por ahí he spent the whole day sitting in front of the television se pasó todo el día sentado delante del televisor don't just sit there: do something! ¡no te quedes ahí sentado: haz algo! sit still! ¡quédate quieto! to be sitting pretty [colloquial/familiar] estar* bien situado or [colloquial/familiar] colocado to sit tight [colloquial/familiar] you sit tight, I'll call a taxi no te muevas or quédate aquí tranquila, que yo llamo un taxi the company thinks it can sit tight till better days la empresa cree que puede aguantar hasta que vengan tiempos mejores
  • 2 2.1 [Art/Arte] to sit (for sb/sth) [for artist/portrait/photograph] posar (para algn/algo) 2.2 (British English/inglés británico) [Sch] [Univ] to sit for an exam presentarse a un examen 2.3 [Admin] [Politics/Política] to sit in Congress/the Commons tener* un escaño en el Congreso/en la Cámara de los Comunes, ser* diputado/senador/parlamentario he sits for Fulham [formal] representa a Fulham, es diputado por Fulham see also sit on 1
    Example sentences
    • He entered Parliament in 1818, sitting for several constituencies until returned for the City of London in 1841, which he represented until his elevation to the peerage as Earl Russell.
    • He was at last allowed back into Parliament in 1774 and sat for Middlesex until 1790.
    • Frankly, ministers don't like being told what they can and can't do with English education spending by an MP who sits for a Scottish constituency.
    2.4 (be in session) [committee/court/parliament] reunirse* en sesión, sesionar (especially Latin America/especialmente América Latina) they have been sitting all day han estado todo el día en sesión or reunidos (en sesión), han estado todo el día sesionando (especially Latin America/especialmente América Latina)
    Example sentences
    • The European Parliament sits at exactly the same time as the Dáil on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday.
    • The court sits at Parliament House in Edinburgh and there is no appeal in criminal matters to the House of Lords at Westminster.
    • The Parliament is sitting again this week, with the Senate holding Estimates Committee hearings.
    Example sentences
    • It was the subjects who served the artist by agreeing to sit for him.
    • One recalls Roland Barthes's formulation of photographic exposure of being posed in exteriority and becoming a specter in sitting for a photograph.
    • During this period, sitting for a photograph had a certain formality.
  • 3 (be situated) [building/village] estar* (situado), estar* ubicado (especially Latin America/especialmente América Latina) it had been sitting on my desk all the time había estado todo el tiempo encima de mi escritorio
    Example sentences
    • Revelin Moss sits at the foot of Grisedale Pike about 300m above sea level.
    • A mixture of tension, anger and fear has gripped the Pakistan north-west frontier town of Peshawar, which sits at the foot of the Khyber Pass leading into Afghanistan.
    • Below that sits a similarly positioned on/off key, two fast access buttons - pre-set to run the diary and address book apps - and up and down scroll buttons.
  • 4 4.1 (fit) [clothes] caer*, sentar* the jacket sits well la chaqueta cae bien or sienta bien 4.2 (weigh) the curry sat heavily on her stomach el curry le cayó pesado or le sentó mal his crime sat heavy on his conscience el crimen le pesaba en la conciencia
    Example sentences
    • We'd black berets that wouldn't sit right and black boots rich with dust and hungry for polish.
    • He was tall and lean; his dark-gray suit of military cut did not sit well on him.
    • Sometimes, a person dressed in the most expensive clothes can look like a fish out of water because his clothes do not sit well on him.
  • 5 (brood) [hen/bird] empollar to sit on the eggs empollar (los huevos)
    Example sentences
    • A quetzal sits upon a branch, yet this species of trogon is not found outside the Mexican and Central American cloud forests.
    • Two sea eagles sit hunched on a branch, their expressions indicating distaste.
    • A golden bird sang a melodious song as it sat, perched in a glittering green tree.
    Example sentences
    • There are now eggs in the nest and she sits there all day.
    • You may see stiff-winged fulmars gliding effortlessly, or hear them cackling as they sit precariously on ledges incubating single eggs.
    • I don't have much experience of a broody hen sitting on the eggs.
  • 6
    (sitting present participle/participio presente)
    [figure] sentado in a sitting position sentado the sitting member (British English/inglés británico) [Politics/Política] el representante or diputado actual

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • 1 1.1 (cause to be seated) [person] sentar*; [object] poner*, colocar* ([ en posición vertical ]) they sat me next to Julia me sentaron junto a Julia sit yourself beside me siéntate a mi lado or junto a mí 1.2 (accommodate) the auditorium sits a hundred (people) el auditorio tiene cabida or capacidad para cien personas, en el auditorio caben cien personas the table sits eight (people) la mesa es para ocho personas the back seat sits three comfortably en el asiento de atrás caben cómodamente tres personas
    Example sentences
    • I waddled over to the chair and managed to sit myself down.
    • Now, sit yourself down and tell us all about your struggles.
    • Just sit yourself down, and I'll bring you some refreshment.
  • 2 (British English/inglés británico) [Sch] [Univ] to sit an exam dar* or hacer* or (Southern Cone/Cono Sur) rendir* or (Mexico/México) tomar un examen, examinarse (Spain/España) she's sitting history tomorrow mañana da or hace or (Southern Cone/Cono Sur) rinde or (Mexico/México) toma el examen de historia, mañana se examina de historia (Spain/España) she did not sit the exam no se presentó al examen

Phrasal verbs

sit around

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio
he sits around all day doing nothing se pasa el día sentado sin hacer nada or holgazaneando you can't sit around waiting for someone to offer you work no puedes esperar sentado a que alguien venga a ofrecerte trabajo

sit back

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio [colloquial/familiar]
1.1 (lean back) recostarse* (relax) just sit back and listen ponte cómodo y escucha then you sit back and let the machine do the work después usted simplemente deja que la máquina haga el trabajo 1.2 (fail to act) cruzarse* de brazos

sit down

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio (take a seat) sentarse* please sit down siéntese or [formal] tome asiento, por favor wait till they're all sitting down espera a que estén todos sentados she sat down in that armchair/on that chair se sentó en ese sillón/en esa silla to sit down to dinner sentarse* a cenar 1.1verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio (cause to be seated) [child/doll] sentar* come in and sit yourself down pasa y siéntate

sit in

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio
1.1 (attend)to sit in (on sth/sb) he sat in on some of their rehearsals asistió a or estuvo presente en algunos de sus ensayos he used to sit in on my classes asistía a mis clases como oyente ( or observador etc) I don't like people sitting in (on me) while I'm practicing no me gusta que haya nadie presente cuando practico 1.2 (as protest) hacer* una sentada or (Mexico/México) un sitin

sit in for

verb + adverb + preposition + object/verbo + adverbio + preposición + complemento
sustituir*, reemplazar*

sit on

verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento
(be member of) [committee/jury] formar parte de, ser* miembro de 1.1 [colloquial/familiar] 2.1 (withhold) [information/document] mantener* oculto 2.2 (fail to deal with) [application/claim] no dar* trámite a, retener* the banks like to sit on foreign currency los bancos suelen retener las divisas el mayor tiempo posible they've been sitting on my letter for weeks hace semanas que recibieron mi carta y no han hecho nada al respecto 1.2 [colloquial/familiar] 3.1 [proposal/plan] rechazar* 3.2 [person/employee] (crush) bajarle los humos a [colloquial/familiar], poner* en su lugar or en su sitio; (silence) hacer* callar

sit out

verb + object + adverb, verb + adverb + object/verbo + complemento + adverbio, verbo + adverbio + complemento
1.1 (wait until end of) [siege] aguantar to sit out the storm esperar a que amaine to sit it out aguantarse 1.2 (not participate in) [dance] no bailar; [game] no tomar parte en

sit through

verb + preposition + object/verbo + preposición + complemento
I sat through two boring lectures me escuché dos conferencias aburridas (de cabo a rabo) one of the worst plays I've ever had to sit through una de las peores obras que jamás haya tenido que soportar or aguantar

sit up

verb + adverb/verbo + adverbio 1.1 (in upright position) [person/patient] incorporarse; [dog] sentarse* sobre las patas traseras they are beginning to sit up and take notice of our warnings están empezando a hacer caso de nuestras advertencias that should make them sit up and take notice eso debería alertarlos 1.2 (with straight back) ponerse* derecho, enderezarse* sit up (straight) ponte derecho, enderézate 1.3 (not go to bed) we sat up till one o'clock talking nos quedamos (levantados) conversando hasta la una she sat up night after night with the sick girl pasó noche tras noche en vela cuidando a la niña enferma don't sit up for me no me esperes levantado 1.1verb + object + adverb/verbo + complemento + adverbio [child/doll] sentar*

Definition of sit in:

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Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.