Share this entry

spring
American English: /sprɪŋ/
British English: /sprɪŋ/

Translation of spring in Spanish:

intransitive verb past tense sprang or (especially American English) sprung past participle sprung

  • 1 1.1 (leap) I sprang out of bed
    salté de la cama
    he sprang over the wall
    saltó el muro
    the cat sprang up onto the table
    el gato se subió a la mesa de un salto
    to spring to one's feet
    levantarse or ponerse de pie de un salto or como movido por un resorte
    to spring to attention
    ponerse firme
    to spring into action the engine sprang into life
    de pronto el motor se puso en marcha
    tears sprang to his eyes to spring to somebody's aid
    correr or acudir en ayuda de alguien
    nothing springs to mind
    no se me ocurre nada
    the branch sprang back and hit me in the face
    la rama saltó como un látigo y me dio en la cara
    the door sprang open/shut
    la puerta se abrió/se cerró de golpe
    Example sentences
    • Violet suddenly sprang forward and seized her by the arm.
    • Suddenly one of the men sprung forward in an attempt to grab Rachel.
    • Then the leader sprang forward toward me, pointing his gun at me.
    1.2 (pounce) See examples: the tiger was poised to spring
    el tigre estaba agazapado, listo para atacar
    to spring at somebody/somethingthe dog sprang at his throat
    el perro se le tiró al cuello
    she suddenly sprang at him
    de pronto se le tiró encima or se abalanzó sobre él
  • 2 2.1 [literary]
    (stream)
    (shoots)
    to spring into existence
    aparecer de la noche a la mañana
    where did you spring from? [colloquial]
    ¿y tú de dónde has salido?
    2.2to spring from something
    (ideas/doubts)
    surgir de algo
    (problem)
    provenir de algo
    his aggression springs from his inadequacy
    su agresividad es producto or resultado de su ineptitud
    Example sentences
    • Large commercial developments are starting to spring up in the town.
    • Everywhere you turn in Glasgow it seems another new development with an evocative name is springing up.
    • Then, almost unnoticed, a playful breeze sprang up, which turned rather suddenly into something stiffer.
    Example sentences
    • She hugged me again and new tears sprang from her eyes.
    • Where the blazes did he spring from?

transitive verb past tense sprang or (especially American English) sprung past participle sprung

  • 1 1.1 (produce suddenly)to spring something on somebodythey did rather spring it on us
    nos lo soltaron así, de buenas a primeras or [colloquial] de golpe y porrazo
    he sprang a surprise on them
    les dio una sorpresa
    1.2
    (mechanism)
    to spring a trap on somebody
    sorprender a alguien con una trampa
    Example sentences
    • The freighter's engines sprang to life, deafening its only two occupants.
    • Since the recruitment drive sprung into operation last month, a staggering 248 new members have signed up.
    • She pressed down on a button and the ship shuddered as the main engine sprung to life.
    1.3to spring a leak
    empezar a hacer agua
    Example sentences
    • Latham is at his best when he springs surprises on the Government.
    • Life has a habit of springing surprises on you, pleasant and unpleasant.
    • He said: ‘The Home Secretary was wrong to spring his decision on the police authority, and they are within their rights to take the final decision.’
  • 2
    (fence/gate)
    saltar por encima de
  • 3 [colloquial]
    (prisoner)
    sacar de la cárcel
    ayudar a fugarse
    Example sentences
    • We cannot intervene with the police to get British citizens released, nor spring them from jail.
    • All was right in the Harriet house until the culprits were sprung from jail by their eighteen-year-old son.
    • The other is 23 and was recently sprung from prison after serving a couple of sentences for drug/weapons charges.

noun

  • 1 uncountable and countable (season) in (the) spring
    (before noun) (weather/showers)
    de primavera
    Example sentences
    • The peak breeding season is in late spring and early summer, although some breeding takes place throughout the year.
    • Although the spring migration has barely begun, tens of thousands of geese and huge flocks of ducks are already here.
    • The inland region has a continental climate with very cold winters, hot, humid summers, and spring and autumn seasons that are often rainy.
  • 3 countable (jump)
    Example sentences
    • With a spring, he jumped out of the alleyway and hoofed it back to his apartment.
    • He rounded the upcoming corner as only he could; a jump and flip, then a spring off the wall of an adjacent building.
    • The new year, however, will put a spring in their step.
  • 4 4.1 countable (in watch, toy) 4.2 (elasticity) (no plural) to walk with a spring in one's step
    caminar con brío or energía
    Example sentences
    • His size is a great advantage but he also has spring and ability - in fact he has every attribute to be a top line goalkeeper.
    • Generally, the more twist in the carpet yarns, the more spring, which hides footprints.
    • Groaning, I attempted to sit up as I felt the sharp jabbing a of a bed coil that had long lost its spring shove its way into my side.
    Example sentences
    • This apparatus is fitted with ropes and pulleys that are attached to taut springs to create tension.
    • The tension on the spring can be adjusted using a wing nut so it can grip the line tightly or loosely, whatever the fishing situation demands.
    • This simple action is controlled by a complex mass of gears, switches and springs, like you might find inside a watch.

Phrasal verbs

spring up

verb + adverb
(stores/housing estates)
(plant)
(wind)
levantarse
(relationship/friendship)
she sprang up from her seat
se levantó del asiento de un salto or como movida por un resorte

Definition of spring in:

Share this entry

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

QUIZ


    Next Score:
    Word of the day sarcasmo
    Pronunciation:
    m
    sarcasm …
    Cultural fact of the day

    mezcal

    Mezcal is an alcoholic drink similar to tequila obtained in Mexico by distilling the juice or aguamiel extracted from roasted tips of the maguey plant. Bottles of mezcal are usually sold containing a gusano, the larva of an insect that lives on the maguey. This is said to enhance the flavor.