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state

Pronunciation: /steɪt/

Translation of state in Spanish:

noun/nombre

  • 1 countable/numerable 1.1 (condition) estado (masculine) liquid/solid state estado líquido/sólido state of siege/war estado de sitio/guerra state of emergency estado de emergencia state of readiness estado de alerta State of the Union message (American English/inglés norteamericano) mensaje (masculine) or informe (masculine) presidencial sobre el estado de la Nación it's in a poor state of repair está en bastante mal estado state of health (estado (masculine) de) salud (feminine) state of mind estado de ánimo I was in no (fit) state to make a decision no estaba en condiciones de tomar una decisión what a (dreadful) state of affairs! ¡qué situación tan lamentable! the state of play (British English/inglés británico) la situación, el estado de cosas
    Example sentences
    • And final confirmation of my poor state of mind from lack of sleep came when Mark returned from going out.
    • At times she is combative, at times submissive, according to the situation and her state of mind.
    • A positive state of mind is also thought to be of great help in protecting against such problems.
    1.2 (poor condition) [colloquial/familiar] just look at the state of your fingernails! ¡mira cómo tienes esas uñas! my bedroom's in a state tengo el dormitorio hecho un caos, tengo el dormitorio patas (para) arriba [colloquial/familiar] she always leaves the kitchen in a state siempre deja la cocina hecha un asco [colloquial/familiar]
    Example sentences
    • One day one of his students came to see him in a state of some agitation.
    • Eric is hopping about in a state of excited agitation.
    • He became fearful and went back into the bedroom in a state of agitation, his heart beating loudly.
    Example sentences
    • Sometimes the pool areas and the cubicles were in a disgustingly dirty state.
    • The couple have paid the charges since they bought the flat but have been complaining to the council about the state of the communal area.
    • But now parish councillors have heard that he has written to complain about the state of the area's toilets.
    1.3 (anxious condition) [colloquial/familiar] to be in/get (oneself) into a state about sth estar*/ponerse* nervioso por algo don't get yourself into such a state! ¡no te pongas así!
  • 2 2.1 countable/numerable (division of country) estado (masculine) the State of Texas el estado de Tejas the States los Estados Unidos (before noun/delante del nombre) state highway (American English/inglés norteamericano) autopista (feminine) del estado [law/taxes/police] (in US) del estado, estatal state prison (American English/inglés norteamericano) prisión (feminine) estatal State Representative (American English/inglés norteamericano) [Politics/Política] Representante (masculine and feminine) del Estado 2.2 countable/numerable (nation) estado (masculine) independent state estado independiente (before noun/delante del nombre) state apartments[ aposentos donde se recibe a monarcas o altos funcionarios ] state banquet banquete (masculine) de gala
  • 3 u and c (government) estado (masculine) affairs of state asuntos (masculine plural) de estado Church and State la Iglesia y el Estado (before noun/delante del nombre) (especially British English/especialmente inglés británico) estatal state education enseñanza (feminine) pública the state sector el sector estatal or público state security seguridad (feminine) nacional
    Example sentences
    • In other words, Europe has been weak wherever individual countries acted as national states.
    • We need a strong partnership with the Commonwealth and all other states and territories.
    • Empires generally expect neighboring states and dependencies to accept their power and accommodate to it.
    Example sentences
    • Mexico is a federal republic, consisting of thirty one states and one federal district.
    • As you know, she and the president have been making their rounds throughout the various states and the areas that were hardest hit.
    • Your vote is still counted and since we have an electorial college it allows for people in smaller states and from rural areas to have a vote as well.
    Example sentences
    • Therefore reformists deduce that no direct challenge to the state is necessary and civil society can be reformed.
    • Thereafter, in bad health, he took little part in military or civil affairs of state.
    • Now, the attack on executives is at the forefront of the state's intrusion on civil liberties.
  • 4 uncountable/no numerable (pomp) to lie in state yacer* en capilla ardiente to dine in state cenar con mucha ceremonia (before noun/delante del nombre) state occasion ocasión (feminine) solemne

transitive verb/verbo transitivo

  • [person] exponer*; [problem] plantear, exponer* [name/address] (in writing) escribir*, consignar [formal]; (orally) decir*; [law/document] establecer*, estipular I'm merely stating the facts simplemente estoy exponiendo los hechos you have half an hour to state your case tiene media hora para exponer su caso he stated that he had seen her there earlier afirmó haberla visto antes allí to state one's views dar* su ( or mi etc) opinión, exponer* su ( or mi etc) punto de vista he clearly stated that he would not stand for election dijo or manifestó claramente que no se presentaría a las elecciones the contract states that … el contrato establece or estipula que … as stated in the minutes como figura or consta en las actas as stated above como se indica más arriba

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Cultural fact of the day

Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.