Share this entry

suffer
American English: /ˈsəfər/
British English: /ˈsʌfə/

Translation of suffer in Spanish:

transitive verb

  • 1 (undergo)
    (injury/damage/loss/defeat)
    sufrir
    (pain)
    padecer
    sufrir
    (hunger)
    padecer
    pasar
    to suffer hardship
    pasar necesidades
    Example sentences
    • He learnt a great deal about the sufferings, the courage and the strengths of the East European churches.
    • The physical and psychological sufferings of survivors tend to pale in comparison to the total number of victims.
    • I feel like I should wear my battle wounds with pride, flaunt my sufferings, but I don't think I have suffered.
  • 3 (permit) [literary]to suffer somebody to + infinitive
    dejar que alguien + subjunctive
    she would not suffer him to come near her
    no dejaba que se le acercase
    Example sentences
    • I accept that I suffered the defendant to supply heroin from my premises although I informed him on numerous occasions that I did not want him to do so.

intransitive verb

  • 1 (experience pain, difficulty) to suffer in silence
    sufrir en silencio
    to make somebody suffer
    hacer sufrir a alguien
    to suffer for something
    sufrir las consecuencias de algo
    she suffered later for this rash decision
    más tarde sufrió las consecuencias de esta precipitada decisión
    to suffer for one's sins (Religion)
    expiar sus ( or mis etc) culpas
    I drank too much last night and now I'm suffering for my sins [humorous]
    anoche bebí demasiado y ahora estoy sufriendo las consecuencias
  • 2 (be affected, deteriorate)
    (health/eyesight)
    resentirse
    (business/performance/relationship)
    verse afectado
    resentirse
    Example sentences
    • You need hundreds of megabytes of spare disk space to store your movie, you can't use a Mac and if you try to enlarge the image (using a media player), picture quality suffers.
    • Graffiti is a nuisance, it lowers the tone of the neighbourhood and everybody's quality of life suffers.
    • Limiting the selection in this way ensures that the food is freshly prepared and that the chefs stick to the specialities they cook best so that neither taste nor quality suffers.
  • 3 (be afflicted)to suffer from something
    sufrir or [formal] padecer de algo
    he suffers from asthma
    sufre or [formal] padece de asma
    he still suffers from the wound
    todavía le duele ( or le molesta etc) la herida
    todavía se resiente de la herida
    I suffer dreadfully from shyness
    soy terríblemente tímido
    Example sentences
    • The child was not suffering from any physical ailment which could be cured through surgery.
    • Sid suffers from a mental illness and spends his days rocking in a chair.
    • Police called an ambulance as the woman suffered from emphysema but she was not taken to hospital.

Definition of suffer in:

Share this entry

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

QUIZ


    Next Score: