Share this entry

Share this page


Pronunciation: /ˈsɜːrpləs; ˈsɜːpləs/

Translation of surplus in Spanish:

noun/nombre (plural surpluses)

  • (of produce, stock) excedente (masculine); (of funds) superávit (masculine) food surpluses excedentes de alimentos operating surplus beneficios (masculine plural) or (in Latin America also/en América Latina también) utilidades (feminine plural) de explotación a balance-of-trade surplus un superávit en la balanza de pagos
    Example sentences
    • In the West, a surplus of food supply has made obesity the main concern of adults, and slimness has been regarded as a symbol of health and beauty.
    • Hunter-gatherer societies don't produce enough food surpluses to support those extra people.
    • None of this would have been possible without the development of agriculture and the capacity to produce a surplus of food that could be supplied to a sector of the population that was no longer responsible for feeding itself.
    Example sentences
    • He further said the narrowing surplus in the current account resulted from a narrowing surplus in the investment income account.
    • The notion that equity pre-funding financed by on-budget surpluses can increase capital accumulation buys into the fallacies that have driven policies of fiscal austerity.
    • It has $125 million of surplus of assets over liabilities.


  • [goods/stocks] excedente they need to use up their surplus energy necesitan gastar la energía que les sobra shed surplus pounds with this new diet plan pierda esos kilos de más con este nuevo régimen to be surplus to requirements sobrar, estar* de más, no ser* necesario

Definition of surplus in:

Share this entry

Share this page


What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

Word of the day sustancioso
substantial …
Cultural fact of the day

In Spain, a gestoría is an office that deals with government agencies on behalf of its clients. It is common practice to use a gestoría to avoid the problems of dealing with Spanish bureaucracy, despite the cost involved.