Translation of through in Spanish:
- 1 1.1 (from one side to the other) por she came in through the door entró por la puerta look through the window mira por la ventana it fell through that hole se cayó por ese agujero it went right through the wall atravesó la pared de lado a lado the current flows through the circuit la corriente fluye a través del circuito to hear/feel sth through sth oír*/sentir* algo a través de algo she peered through the keyhole miró por el agujero de la cerradura he was shot through the head le pegaron un balazo en la cabeza he was unable to breathe through his nose no podía respirar por la nariz the truck crashed through the barrier el camión se llevó la barrera por delante they struggled on through the crowd siguieron abriéndose paso entre la multitud he spoke through clenched teeth habló entre dientes the chair flew through the air la silla voló por los aires he strolled through the town center paseó por el centro de la ciudad we drove through Munich atravesamos Munich ([ en coche ]) we sailed through the Suez Canal pasamos por el Canal de Suez ([ en barco ]) we searched through her belongings registramos sus pertenencias she glanced through the magazine hojeó la revista I worked my way through the textbook me leí el texto de punta a punta 1.2 (past, beyond) to be through sth haber* pasado algo we're through the preliminary stages already ya hemos pasado las fases iniciales
- 2 2.1 (in time) we worked through the night trabajamos durante toda la noche she won't live through the night de esta noche no pasa she slept through the entire lecture durmió durante toda la conferencia half-way through his speech en medio de su discurso, cuando iba ( or vaya etc) por la mitad del discurso she helped him through a difficult period le ayudó a superar un período difícil after everything we've been through together después de todo lo que hemos pasado juntos through the centuries a través de los siglos I can't sit through another two-hour sermon no puedo aguantar otro sermón de dos horas 2.2 (until and including) (American English/inglés norteamericano) Tuesday through Thursday I stay in New York de martes a jueves me quedo en Nueva York offer good through May 31 oferta válida hasta el 31 de mayo October through December desde octubre hasta diciembre inclusive
- 3 (by) she spoke through an interpreter habló a través de un intérprete I heard about it through a friend me enteré a través de or por un amigo through his help I eventually found an apartment gracias a su ayuda or mediante su ayuda finalmente encontré un apartamento through no fault of her own sin tener culpa alguna it happened through carelessness ocurrió por falta de cuidado
- 1 (from one side to the other) come through, please! ¡pasen, por favor! the train sped through without stopping el tren pasó a toda velocidad sin parar he barged through pasó dando empujones we're just traveling through estamos de paso the sun came through salió el sol the red paint shows through se nota la pintura roja que hay debajo see also get through pull through put through
- 2 (in time, process) we worked through without a break trabajamos sin parar para descansar she's never played the piece through nunca ha tocado toda la pieza (desde el principio hasta el final) all night through durante toda la noche
- 1 [Transport/Transporte] (before noun/delante del nombre) [train/route] directo through traffic tráfico (masculine) de paso no through road calle sin salida
- 2 (finished) [colloquial/familiar] (predicative/predicativo) aren't you through yet? ¿no has terminado aún? as a journalist, you're through como periodista, estás acabado to be through
withsb/sth haber* terminado conalgn/algo I'm through with her/him he terminado con ella/él when I'm through with you cuando haya terminado contigo are you through with the atlas? ¿has terminado con el atlas?to be through ( with) -ingI'm through trying to be nice to you no pienso seguir tratando de ser amable contigo
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Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.