- 1 1.1 (in the direction of) hacia toward the door/the exit hacia la puerta/la salida further south, toward the Mexican border más al sur, más cerca de la frontera con México there have been moves toward a settlement se han dado algunos pasos hacia una solución a tendency toward exaggeration una tendencia a la exageración or a exagerar 1.2 (facing) she sat with her back toward me/toward the fire estaba sentada de espaldas a mí/a la chimenea
- 3 (as contribution) she gave us $100 toward it nos dio 100 dólares como contribución, contribuyó con 100 dólares here's some money toward the present aquí tienes mi contribución para el regalo
- 4 (regarding) para con, hacia your attitude/responsibility toward them tu actitud/responsabilidad para con or hacia ellos
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.