The translations tu and su agree in number with the noun which they modify; they appear as tu, tus, su, sus, depending on what follows: your father/mother tu padre/madre or su padre/madre; your books/magazines tus libros/revistas or sus libros/revistas.The translation vuestro agrees in number and gender with the noun which it modifies; it appears as vuestro, vuestra, vuestros, vuestras, according to what follows: your father/mother vuestro padre/madre; your books/magazines vuestros libros/vuestras revistas.For your used with parts of the body,
- 1.1 (belonging to one person) (singular, familiar) tu; (plural, familiar) tus; (singular, formal) su; (plural, formal) sus your son/daughter tu hijo/hija, su hijo/hija your sons/daughters tus hijos/hijas, sus hijos/hijas I mean your son me refiero a tu hijo/su hijo de usted wash your hands lávate/lávese las manos 1.2 (belonging to more than one person) (singular, familiar) su (Latin America/América Latina) , vuestro, (Spain/España) ; (plural, familiar) sus (Latin America/América Latina) , vuestros, (Spain/España) ; (singular, formal) su; (plural, formal) sus pick up your things, children recojan sus cosas, niños (Latin America/América Latina) , recoged vuestras cosas, niños (Spain/España) I mean your company, gentlemen me refiero a su compañía de ustedes, caballeros put your shoes on pónganse or (Spain/España) pone(r)os los zapatos 1.3 (one's) if your name begins with A … si tu/su nombre empieza con A … you have to take your shoes off in a mosque hay que quitarse los zapatos en una mezquita 1.4 (typical) [colloquial/familiar] (singular) el, ; (plural) los, take your average politician, for example mira al típico político, por ejemplo
Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.