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perdre

Translation of perdre in English:

verbe transitif

  • 2 (ne pas conserver)
    to lose (argent, ami, emploi, droit, place, tour, vue, voix)
    perdre 1 000 euros sur une vente
    to lose 1,000 euros on a sale
    perdre la vie/la mémoire
    to lose one's life/one's memory
    perdre du poids/du sang
    to lose weight/blood
    je perds mes cheveux
    I'm losing my hair
    j'ai quelques kilos à perdre
    I need to lose a few kilos
    tu n'as rien/tu as tout à perdre
    you've got nothing/you've got everything to lose
    perdre le soutien/l'estime de quelqu'un
    to lose somebody's support/respect
    j'en ai perdu le sommeil/l'appétit
    I've lost sleep/my appetite over it
    perdre patience/courage
    to lose patience/heart
    perdre son calme
    to lose one's temper
    il a perdu de son arrogance
    he's become more humble
    perdre le contrôle de son véhicule
    to lose control of one's vehicle
    perdre de l'importance
    to become less important
    perdre toute son importance
    to lose all importance
    leurs actions ont perdu 9%
    their shares have dropped 9%
    sans perdre le sourire, elle a continué
    still smiling, she went on
    dix
  • 9 (mal retenir) je perds mon bracelet
    my bracelet is coming off
    je perds mes chaussures
    my shoes are too big
    je perds mon pantalon
    my trousers are coming down ou falling down

verbe intransitif

  • 2 (diminuer) perdre en gentillesse/crédibilité
    to be less kind/credible
    perdre en anglais
    to lose ou forget (some of) one's English

also: se perdre verbe pronominal

  • 2 (s'embrouiller)
    to get mixed up
    toutes ces dates, je m'y perds
    all these dates, I'm all mixed up ou confused
    ne vous perdez pas dans des détails
    don't get bogged down in details
    je me perdais dans mes explications
    I was getting bogged down in my explanation
  • 3 (être absorbé)se perdre dans ses pensées
    to be lost in thought
    se perdre dans la contemplation de quelque chose
    to gaze contemplatively at something

Idioms

perdre la tête or la raison or l'esprit

(devenir fou) to go out of one's mind
(paniquer) to lose one's head

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