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Translation of Land in English:

Neutrum Landes, Länder


Cultural Note: Land

Germany is a federal republic consisting of 16 member states called Länder or Bundesländer. Five so-called neue Bundesländer were added after reunification in 1990. The Land has a degree of autonomy and is responsible for all educational and cultural affairs, the police, the environment, and local government. The German Länder, including three city-states, and their state capitals are: Baden-Württemberg, capital: Stuttgart; Bayern (Bavaria), capital: München (Munich); Berlin; Brandenburg, capital: Potsdam; Bremen; Hamburg; Hessen (Hesse), capital: Wiesbaden; Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania), capital: Schwerin; Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony), capital: Hannover (Hanover); Nordrhein-Westfalen (North Rhine-Westphalia), capital: Düsseldorf; Rheinland-Pfalz (Rhineland-Palatinate), capital: Mainz; Saarland, capital: Saarbrücken; Sachsen (Saxony), capital: Dresden; Sachsen-Anhalt (Saxony-Anhalt), capital: Magdeburg; Schleswig-Holstein, capital: Kiel; Thüringen (Thuringia), capital: Erfurt. Austria is a federal state consisting of 9 Länder: Burgenland; Kärnten (Carinthia); Niederösterreich (Lower Austria); Oberösterreich (Upper Austria); Salzburg; Steiermark (Styria); Tirol (Tyrol); Vorarlberg; Wien (Vienna). The Swiss equivalent of a German or Austrian Land is a Kanton

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