Share this entry

müssen
Pronunciation: /ˈmʏsṇ/

Translation of müssen in English:

unregelmäßiges Modalverb 2. Part. müssen

  • 1 (gezwungen, verpflichtet, notwendig sein) er muss es tun
    he must do it
    he has to do it
    he has got to do it [informal]
    er muss es nicht tun
    he does not have to do it
    he has not got to do it [informal]
    er musste es tun od. hat es tun müssen
    he had to do it
    du musstest nicht kommen
    you did not have to come
    muss er es tun?
    must he do it?
    does he have to do it?
    has he got to do it? [informal]
    irgendwann muss es ja doch mal gemacht werden wir werden zurückkommen müssen
    we shall have to come back
    heiraten müssen [informal]
    have to get married
    muss das jetzt sein?
    does it have to be now?
    muss das sein?
    it is really necessary?
    (Ärger über jemandes Verhalten ausdrückend) do you have to?
    es muss nicht sein
    it is not essential
    es muss ja nicht stimmen so musste es ja kommen
    it was inevitable that it should come to this
    it had to happen
    warum muss das ausgerechnet mir passieren?
    why does it have to happen to me, of all people?
    das muss man gesehen haben!
    you mustn't miss ist!
    it's not to be missed!
    [ironic]
    it's a sight not to be missed!
    wir müssen Ihnen leider mitteilen, dass …
    we regret to have to inform you that …
    das muss man sich (Dat.) mal vorstellen!
    just imagine!
    das muss 1980 gewesen sein
    it must have been in 1980
    er muss gleich hier sein
    he will be here or he is bound to be here at any moment
  • 2im 2. Konjunktiv es müsste doch möglich sein
    it ought to be possible
    das müsstest du eigentlich schon wissen
    you really ought to or should know that by now
    so müsste es immer sein
    it ought to be like this all the time
    this is how it should always be
    reich müsste man sein!
    how nice it would be to be rich!
    all one needs is [plenty of] money!
    man müsste nochmals zwanzig sein
    oh to be twenty again!
  • 3verneint (North German) (dürfen)du musst nicht alles glauben, was er sagt
    you must not believe everything he says

unregelmäßiges intransitives Verb

  • 1 (irgendwohin gehen müssen) ich muss zur Arbeit/nach Hause
    I have to or must go to work/go home
    der Brief muss zur Post
    the letter needs posting or taking to the post
    muss der Antrag heute zum Amt?
    does the application have to be taken to the office today?
    ich muss mal [informal]
    I've got to or need to spend a penny (British English) [informal]
    I've got to or need to go to the john (American English) [informal]
  • 2 (gezwungen, verpflichtet sein)muss er?
    does he have to?
    has he got to? [informal]
    er muss nicht
    he doesn't have to
    he hasn't got to [informal]
    kein Mensch muss müssen
    nobody ˈhas to do ˈanything
  • 3 [informal] (an der Reihe sein)heute muss Peter
    it's Peter's turn today

Share this entry

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

QUIZ


    Next Score: