Share this entry

pizza
Pronunciation: / ˈpittsa /

Compounds

pizza da asporto

  • take-out pizza

pizza al taglio

  • pizza by the slice

Cultural Note: Pizza

This “global food” was for centuries a speciality only known in the city of Naples, and it was believed that it could not be appreciated outside that city. From medieval times pizze (flattened pieces of bread dough) were eaten in Naples with garlic and lard or cheese and basil, or little fish. The modern pizza with tomato first appeared at the end of the 18th century. The first pizzeria was opened in Naples around 1830 (before that pizza was sold and eaten in the street). In 1889 the pizzaiolo (pizza maker) Raffaele Esposito prepared a pizza for Queen Margherita, the wife of King Umberto I of Italy, with tomato, mozzarella and a few basil leaves (red, white and green, the colours of the Italian flag). This type of pizza, now the most popular one in the world, has been called the pizza margherita ever since.

Share this entry

 

What do you find interesting about this word or phrase?

Comments that don't adhere to our Community Guidelines may be moderated or removed.

Get more from Oxford Dictionaries

Subscribe to remove adverts and access premium resources

QUIZ


    Next Score:
    Word of the day whippersnapper
    Pronunciation: ˈwɪpəsnapə
    noun
    a young, inexperienced person considered presumptuous or overconfident...