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Cultural Note: ETA - Euskadi ta Askatasuna

ETA, meaning "Basque homeland and liberty", is a terrorist organization founded in 1959 to fight for Basque independence. Its political wing, established in 1978 as Herri Batasuna - HB (Popular Unity) is now called batasuna (Unity). Batasuna was declared an illegal organization in 2003. Opinion polls show a majority of Basques are opposed to the political violence and murder campaigns espoused by ETA.

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