Translation of abrir in English:


verbo transitivo/transitive verb

  • 3 3.1 [zanja/túnel] to dig; [agujero] to make la bomba abrió un boquete en la pared the bomb blew o/or blasted a hole in the wall abrieron una entrada en la pared they made o/or smashed a hole in the wall abrieron una zanja en la calzada they dug a trench in the road le abrió la cabeza de una pedrada he hit her with a stone and gashed her head abrió un abismo insondable entre los dos países it created a yawning gulf between the two countries 3.2 [absceso] to open … up [paciente] va a haber que abrirlo [familiar/colloquial] they're going to have to open him up o/or cut him open [familiar/colloquial]
  • 8 [perspectivas] to open up el acuerdo abre un panorama desolador para la flota pesquera the agreement points to o/or [formal] presages a bleak future for the fishing fleet este descubrimiento abre nuevas posibilidades en este campo this discovery opens up new possibilities in this field abriría una etapa de entendimiento mutuo it was to mark the beginning of o to herald the beginning of o to usher in a period of mutual understanding
  • 9 (hacer más receptivo) le había abierto la mente it had made her more open-minded abrir algo a algo to open sth up to sth para abrir nuestro país a las nuevas corrientes ideológicas to open our country up to new ways of thinking

verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb

  • 5 [familiar/colloquial] (para operar) va a haber que abrir we're going to have to open him up [familiar/colloquial], we're going to have to cut him open [familiar/colloquial]

verbo impersonal/impersonal verb

  • [familiar/colloquial] [Meteorología/Meteorology] parece que quiere abrir it looks as if it's going to clear up

verbo pronominal/pronominal verb (abrirse)

  • 3 3.1 [literario/literary] (ofrecerse a la vista) un espléndido panorama se abrió ante sus ojos the most beautiful view unfolded before their eyes [literario/literary] al final de la calle se abría una plazuela the end of the street opened out into a little square 3.2 [perspectivas] to open up con este descubrimiento se abren nuevos horizontes this discovery opens up new horizons un maravilloso porvenir se abre ante nosotros a wonderful future lies ahead of us, we have a wonderful future ahead of us
  • 5 5.1 (confiarse) abrirse a algn to open up to sb 5.2 (hacerse más receptivo) abrirse a algo to open up to sth nuestro país debe abrirse a las influencias externas our country must open up to outside influences

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Cultural fact of the day

Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.