verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb
- 1 [formal] (subir, elevarse) [temperatura/precios] to rise; [globo] to rise, ascend [formal] ascendieron por la ladera oeste de la montaña they made their ascent by o/or they climbed the west face of the mountain ascendió a los cielos [Biblia] He ascended into Heaven
- 2 [formal] (cifrarse) [gastos/pérdidas]ascender
aalgo to amount tosth sus deudas ascienden a un millón de dólares his debts amount to o run to o come to o add up to o total a million dollars el número de detenidos asciende a más de 300 there have been more than 300 arrests el número de muertos asciende ya a 48 the number of dead has now reached 48
- 3 [empleado/oficial] to be promoted ha ascendido rápidamente en su carrera he has risen o/or advanced rapidly in his careerascender
aalgo después de cuatro años ascendió a director general after four years he was promoted to o/or he rose to the position of general manager ascendió a capitán he was promoted to the rank of captain el equipo ha ascendido a primera división the team has gone up to o/or has been promoted to the first division ascender al trono to ascend the throne
verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- [empleado/oficial] to promote fue ascendido a capitán de fragata he was promoted to (the rank of) commander
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.