nombre femenino/feminine noun
- 1 (accidente) fall sufrir una caída [persona] to have a fall ha sufrido varias caídas y no se ha roto it's fallen on the floor/it's been dropped several times without breaking fue una mala caída it was a nasty fall, he took a nasty tumble [familiar/colloquial]
- 3 3.1 (de un gobierno) fall; (de una ciudad) fall la caída del Imperio Romano the fall o/or collapse of the Roman Empire 3.2 [Biblia] la Caída the Fall 3.3 (de un sistema informático) crash 3.4 (de un delincuente) capture
- 4 (descenso) fall, drop la caída del dólar/del precio del petróleo the fall in the dollar/in the price of oil se ha producido una caída de las exportaciones/la demanda there has been a fall o/or drop in exports/demand la caída de la temperatura the drop in temperature una caída de voltaje or tensión a drop in voltage
- 6 6.1 (del terreno) slope; (más pronunciada) drop 6.2 (de un techo) slope, pitch; (de una superficie) slope, drop
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.