- 1 1.1 [puerta/ventana] closed, shut; [ojos/boca] closed, shut; [mejillones/almejas] closed la puerta estaba cerrada con llave the door was locked tenía los ojos cerrados she had her eyes closed o shut el frasco no está bien cerrado the top ( o lid etc) isn't on properly, the jar isn't closed properly un sobre cerrado a sealed envelope las cortinas estaban cerradas the curtains were drawn o closed normalmente tenemos la mesa cerrada we usually keep the table closed/down 1.2 [válvula] closed, shut off los grifos están cerrados the taps are turned off
- 3 3.1 (confinado, limitado) [espacio/recinto] enclosed 3.2 (cargado) [ambiente] stuffy 3.3 [grupo] un círculo de amigos muy cerrado a very closed circle of friends un club de ambiente cerrado y snob a club with a very exclusive and snobbish atmosphere 3.4 [Mat] [serie/conjunto] closed circuito
- 4 [Ling] 4.1 [vocal] close, closed 4.2 [acento/dialecto] broad tiene un acento andaluz cerrado he has a broad o thick Andalusian accent
- 6 6.1 (nublado) overcast 6.2 (referiéndose a la noche) ya era noche cerrada cuando salimos when we left it was already completely dark
- 8 (enérgico) lo recibieron con una cerrada ovación he was given an ecstatic reception mantienen una cerrada pugna por el título they are engaged in a fierce fight for the title
- 9 [persona] 9.1 (poco receptivo, intransigente) son muy cerrados y no se adaptan a estas novedades they're very set in their ways and they won't adapt to these new ideas no lo vas a convencer, es muy cerrado you'll never persuade him, he's very stubborn o he's very set in his waysestar cerrado
aalgo está cerrado a todo lo que signifique cambiar his mind is closed to o he's against anything that involves change el país ha estado cerrado durante años a todo tipo de influencias externas the country has, for years, been shut off from all outside influence 9.2 (poco comunicativo) uncommunicative 9.3 [familiar/colloquial] (torpe) dense [colloquial/familiar], thick [colloquial/familiar] es muy cerrado de mollera he's very dense [colloquial/familiar], he's as thick as two short planks (BrE) [colloquial/familiar]
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The RAE (Real Academia de la Lengua Española) is a body established in the eighteenth century to record and preserve the Spanish language. It is made up of académicos, who are normally well-known literary figures and/or academic experts on the Spanish language. The RAE publishes the Diccionario de la Real Academia Española, which is regarded as an authority on correct Spanish. Affiliated academies exist in Latin American countries.