- 1 1.1 (piedra)pebbleme/te/le tocó la china
small stoneI/you/he got o drew the short straw1.2 1.3
Cultural Note: gaucho
A peasant of the pampas of Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil. Modern gauchos work as foremen on farms and ranches and take part in rodeos. Gauchos fought for Argentine independence from Spain, but later became involved in political disputes and suffered persecution. A literary genre, literatura gauchesca, grew up in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The most famous work is Martín Fierro, an epic poem by José Hernández about the misfortunes of an Argentine gaucho when the huge pampas are divided into ranches. Traditionally gauchos wore baggy trousers, leather chaps, a chiripá, a garment that went over their trousers and came up around their waist, boots, a hat, a leather waistcoat, a belt with a large buckle. They carried a facón - a large knife with a curved blade, and used boleadoras, ropes weighted at each end and thrown like lassos, to catch cattle.
Cultural Note: charro
A Mexican cowboy or cowgirl skilled in horsemanship. The traditional charro costume is very elaborate and trimmed with silver. A man's outfit consists of a high-crowned, wide-brimmed hat, tight trousers, a white shirt, waistcoat and short jacket. A woman's outfit is a similar but with a long, wide skirt. Charros originated charrerías, the culture associated with horse-riding and rodeo skills. They also take part in festivals known as charreadas.
- tb la China la China Roja or comunistaRed o Communist Chinala China nacionalistaNationalist Chinaacá y en la China [familiar], las cosas funcionan así acá y en la Chinathat's the way things work, not just here but all over the worldni aquí or acá ni en la China [familiar]neither here nor anywhere
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