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clavar

Translation of clavar in English:

verbo transitivo/transitive verb

  • 3 (Río de la Plata/River Plate area) [familiar/colloquial], (dejar plantado) to stand … up [familiar/colloquial]
  • 4 (Venezuela) [argot] [golpe] le clavaron sus buenos coñazos en la cara he got whacked in the face [familiar/colloquial]
  • 5 (Venezuela) [familiar/colloquial] [estudiante] lo clavaron en física he failed (in) physics, he flunked physics [familiar/colloquial]

verbo pronominal/pronominal verb (clavarse)

  • 1 1.1 [aguja/espina] me clavé la aguja I stuck the needle into my finger ( o/or thumb etc) me clavé el destornillador en la mano I stuck the screwdriver in my hand se clavó una astilla en el dedo she got a splinter in her finger 1.2 (reflexivo/reflexive) [cuchillo/puñal] se clavó el puñal en el pecho he drove o/or plunged the dagger into his chest
  • 2 2.1 (Cono Sur/Southern Cone) [familiar/colloquial] (con algo inservible)clavarse con algo to get stuck with sth [familiar/colloquial] me clavé con las entradas I got stuck with the tickets se clavó con el auto que compró the car turned out to be a bad buy o/or a real lemon [familiar/colloquial] 2.2 (Río de la Plata/River Plate area) [familiar/colloquial] (fastidiarse) me tuve que clavar toda la tarde allí porque el cerrajero no vino I was stuck there all afternoon because the locksmith didn't come [familiar/colloquial]
  • 3 (Perú/Peru) [familiar/colloquial] (colarse) se clavó en la cola he jumped the line (inglés norteamericano/American English) he jumped the queue (inglés británico/British English) siempre se clava en las fiestas he's always gatecrashing parties [familiar/colloquial]
  • 4 (Colombia) [argot] clavarse estudiando or a estudiar to study like crazy [familiar/colloquial]

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Cultural fact of the day

Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.