- 1 [Anat] back es muy ancho de espaldas he is very broad-shouldered, he has very broad shoulders perdona, te estoy dando la espalda sorry, I've got my back to you me duele la espalda my back aches cargado de espaldas round-shouldered estaba sentado de espaldas a nosotros he was sitting with his back to us vuélvete de espaldas turn around o (BrE) round nadar de espalda(s) to swim backstroke, to do the backstroke los 100 metros espalda the 100 meters backstroke tumbarse or tenderse de espaldas en el suelo to lie on one's back on the floor caminaba con el sol a sus espaldas he was walking with the sun behind him tiene muchos años de experiencia a sus espaldas she has many years of experience behind her lo atacaron por la espalda he was attacked from behind caerse or (Chi) irse de espaldas (literal) to fall flat on one's back (de sorpresa) por poco me caigo de espaldas I nearly died of shock o fainted [colloquial/familiar], you could have knocked me down with a feather [colloquial/familiar] cubrirse las espaldas to cover one's back, take precautions echarse algo a la espalda (literal) to sling sth on one's back [familiar/colloquial], [responsabilidad/trabajo] to shoulder, take on; [problemas/pesares] [familiar/colloquial], to cast … aside, put … to one side hacer algo a espaldas de algn to do sth behind sb's back se ríen de ella a sus espaldas they laugh at her behind her back romperse la espalda to break one's back tener buena espalda (Col) to bring good luck tener cubiertas or guardadas las espaldas to have one's back covered, be secure o protected volverle la espalda a algn to turn one's back on sb
Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
A gitano is a member of Spain's gypsy community. Gypsies often live in camps and retain their nomadic habits. They have preserved many of their customs and do not usually integrate into the mainstream of Spanish society. Their language is caló. Gypsies have been a great influence on flamenco, and many of the best performers are gypsies.