Translation of ficha in English:
nombre femenino/feminine noun
- 1 (para datos) index card la policía le abrió ficha the police opened a file on him
- 2 2.1 (de teléfono, estacionamiento) token introducir la ficha por la ranura insert the token in the slot 2.2 [Juegos/Games] (de dominó) domino; (de damas) checker (inglés norteamericano/American English) draught (inglés británico/British English) ; (de otros juegos de mesa) counter; (de ruleta, póker) chip
- 4 (América Latina/Latin America) [familiar/colloquial], (persona de cuidado) rat [familiar/colloquial] ¡qué ficha resultó ser el novio de Alicia! Alicia's fiancé turned out to be a real rat o/or (inglés británico/British English) a really nasty piece of work! [familiar/colloquial]
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Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.