verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1 (sustentar económicamente) [familia/persona] to support, maintain cuesta una fortuna mantener a ese perro tan grande it costs a fortune to keep that enormous dog ¡y pretende que ella lo mantenga! and he expects her to support o/or keep him!
- 2 2.1 (conservar, preservar) to keep mantener la calma/la compostura to keep calm/one's composure mantener el orden to keep o/or [formal] maintain order para mantener la paz in order to keep the peace mantener su peso actual to maintain his present weight mantener las viejas tradiciones to keep up the old traditions 2.2 (en cierto estado, cierta situación) (+ complemento/+ complement) to keep los postes mantienen la viga en posición the posts keep the beam in position mantener el equilibrio to keep one's balance lo mantiene en equilibrio sobre la punta de la nariz he balances it on the end of his nose los militares lo mantuvieron en el poder the military kept him in power todos los medicamentos deben mantenerse fuera del alcance de los niños all medicines should be kept out of reach of children mantenga limpia su ciudad keep Norwich ( o/or York etc) tidy una vez abierto manténgase refrigerado keep refrigerated once open no mantiene su coche en buenas condiciones he doesn't keep his car in good condition, he doesn't maintain his car very well sigue manteniendo vivos sus ideales he still keeps his ideals alive
- 3 3.1 [conversaciones] to have; [contactos] to maintain, keep up; [correspondencia] to keep up; [relaciones] to maintain durante las negociaciones mantenidas en Ginebra during the negotiations held in Geneva 3.2 (cumplir) [promesa/palabra] to keep
verbo pronominal/pronominal verb (mantenerse)
- 2 (en cierto estado, cierta situación) (+ complemento/+ complement) to keep se mantuvieron en primera división they kept their place o/or they stayed in the first division mantenerse en forma to keep in shape, to keep fit lo único que se mantiene en pie es la torre all that remains is the tower, only the tower is still standing se mantiene al día she keeps up to date siempre se mantuvo a distancia he always kept his distance se mantuvo en contacto con sus amigos de la infancia he kept in touch with o/or kept up with his childhood friends se mantuvo neutral en la disputa he remained neutral in the dispute
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.