Translation of marcha in English:
nombre femenino/feminine noun
- 1 1.1 [Militar/Military] march; (manifestación) march; (caminata) hike, walk los scouts van de marcha los domingos the scouts go walking o/or hiking on Sundays abrir or encabezar la marcha to head the march cerrar la marcha to bring up the rear ¡en marcha! [Militar/Military] forward march! vamos, recojan todo y ¡en marcha! come on, pick up your things and off you/we go! ponerse en marcha to set off 1.2 (en atletismo) tb marcha atlética walk
- 2 (paso, velocidad) speed ¡qué marcha llevas! (España/Spain) what a speed o/or pace you go at! el vehículo disminuyó la marcha the car reduced speed o/or slowed down llevamos una buena marcha, creo que acabaremos a tiempo we're getting through it at quite a rate, I think we'll finish on time hay que acelerar la marcha, que vamos retrasados we've got to speed up, we're getting behind a marchas forzadas (España/Spain) at top speed a toda marcha at full o/or top speed, flat out coger la marcha (España/Spain) , en cuanto cojas la marcha te será más fácil once you get into the rhythm of it, you'll find it easier
- 3 [Automovilismo/Cars] gear cambiar de marcha to change gear un coche de cinco marchas a car with five gears
- reverse, reverse gear meter la marcha atrás to put the car into reverse dar or hacer marcha atrás [Automovilismo/Cars] to go into reverse (arrepentirse, retroceder) to pull out, back out (en el acto sexual) [familiar/colloquial], to withdraw al final dieron marcha atrás they pulled out at the last minute esto supondría dar marcha atrás en las negociaciones de paz this would mean withdrawing from the peace negotiations
- 4 (funcionamiento) running la buena marcha del vehículo the efficient running of your vehicle estar en marcha [motor] to be running [proyecto] to be up and running, to be under way [gestiones] to be under way tenemos todos los operativos de seguridad en marcha all security measures are now in force o/or operation poner en marcha [coche/motor] to start [plan/proyecto/sistema] to set … in motion las negociaciones se han puesto en marcha the negotiations have been set in motion puso en marcha un nuevo experimento he set up a new experiment ponerse en marcha [tren/coche] to move off [persona] to set off, set out
- 5 (curso, desarrollo) course la marcha de los acontecimientos the course of events la marcha del progreso económico the march of economic progress sobre la marcha, iremos solucionando los problemas sobre la marcha we'll solve any problems as we go along o/or as we go, we'll cross our bridges when we come to them lo decidiremos sobre la marcha we'll play it by ear
- 8 (España/Spain) [familiar/colloquial] (animación, ambiente) en esta ciudad hay mucha marcha this city is very lively o/or has a lot of night life ¡qué marcha tiene! he's so full of energy, he has so much energy irle a algn la marcha (España/Spain) [familiar/colloquial], les va la marcha cantidad they're really into having a good time o into the night life o into the action [familiar/colloquial] no la invites porque no le va la marcha don't invite her because she's not into parties ( o/or dancing etc) [familiar/colloquial]
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Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.