- 1 1.1 (siguiente) next en la próxima estación at the next station el próximo jueves vamos al cine (esta semana) we're going to the movies this Thursday o/or on Thursday (la siguiente) we're going to the movies next Thursday el mes/año próximo next month/year 1.2 (como pron) esto lo dejamos para la próxima we'll leave this for next time tome la próxima a la derecha take the next right, take the next on the right nos bajamos en la próxima we are getting off at the next stop
estar] (cercano) 2.1 (en el tiempo) close, near la fecha ya está próxima the day is close o/or is drawing near el verano está próximo summer's nearly here el programa se emitirá en fecha próxima the program will be transmitted in the near future próximo a+ infinitivo/infinitiveclose to+ -ingestaba próximo a morir he was close o/or near to death ya estaba próximo a graduarse he was close to graduating o he had nearly finished school o he was about to graduate 2.2 (en el espacio) near, close próximo aalgo close o/or near tosth un hotel próximo a la playa a hotel close to o/or near the beach
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.