- 1 1.1 (con antecedente explícito — como sujeto) who, that; (— como objeto) who, that, whom [formal] tienes que ser tú misma quien lo decida you are the one who o that has to decide es a él a quien debemos agradecérselo he's the one (who) we must thank, he's the one (that) we must thank, he's the one (whom) we must thank la chica con quien salía the girl (who) I was going out with, the girl (that) I was going out with, the girl with whom I was going out 1.2 [frml o liter] (en frases explicativas — como sujeto) who; (— como objeto) who, whom [formal] su hermano, a quien no había visto, … her brother, who o whom she had not seen, … sus padres, para quienes esto había sido un duro golpe, … her parents, for whom this had been a severe blow, …
- 2 (con antecedente implícito) quienes hayan terminado pueden irse those who have finished o anybody who has finished may go sálvese quien pueda every man for himself hubo quien la criticó por esto there were those who criticized her for this no encontré quien me lo pudiera explicar I didn't find anybody who could explain it to me
The people who lived between the rivers Amazon and Plate, and their language were the guaraní. The Guarani language is an official language in Paraguay. It is also spoken in parts of Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil. The Jesuit missionaries in Paraguay wrote Guarani dictionaries and grammars, hymns and catechisms. Guarani acquired a symbolic status in Paraguay during the Chaco War with Bolivia, 1932-35. Today many Paraguayans with hardly any indigenous blood speak Guarani better than Spanish.
- 1.1 who ¿quién era? who was it? ¿quiénes vinieron? who came? ¿quién de ustedes se atrevería? which of you would dare? ¿con quiénes fuiste? who did you go with? ¿de quién es esto? who does this belong to?, whose is this? ha llegado una postal — ¿de quién? there's a postcard — who's it from? no sé quién lo hizo I don't know who did it quién más, quién menos, todos somos egoístas we're all selfish, to a greater or lesser degree dime con quién andas y te diré quién eres you can tell a person by the company he keeps 1.2 (en exclamaciones) who ¿habrá recibido el recado? — ¡quién sabe! do you think he got the message? — who knows! ¡quién pudiera quedarse unos días más! what I wouldn't give to stay o if only I could stay a few more days! pidámosle permiso, si no después ¡quién la aguanta! let's ask her permission first, otherwise she'll be unbearable