verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1.1 [pintura/mesa/parqué] to scratch le rayaron el coche someone scratched her car este disco está rayado this record is scratched 1.2 (garabatear) to scrawl las paredes estaban todas rayadas the walls had all been scrawled o/or scribbled on, the walls were covered in graffiti rayársela a algn (México/Mexico) [familiar/colloquial] to insult sb ([ by referring to his/her mother ])
verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb
- 2 (aproximarse) rayar
enalgo to border onsth, verge onsth su historia raya en lo inverosímil his story verges o/or borders on the implausible debe estar rayando (en) los cincuenta he must be getting on for o/or pushing fifty [familiar/colloquial]
- 4 (México/Mexico) 4.1 [obreros] to get one's wages, get paid 4.2 (dar la paga) to pay
verbo pronominal/pronominal verb (rayarse)
- 1 [suelo/mesa] to get scratched este suelo se raya con facilidad this floor scratches easily o/or is easily scratched mete el disco en la funda para que no se raye put the record in its sleeve so that it doesn't get scratched
- 2 (América del Sur/South America) [familiar/colloquial], (volverse loco) to go off one's rocker [familiar/colloquial], to crack up [familiar/colloquial]
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.