verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1 1.1 (ponerse alrededor de) [edificio/persona] to surround se vio rodeada por una nube de fotógrafos she found herself surrounded by a swarm of photographers todos rodearon a los novios they all crowded o/or gathered round the newlyweds 1.2 (poner alrededor) rodear algo
dealgo to surround sth withsth rodeó el brillante de rubíes he surrounded the diamond with rubies 1.3 (encerrar) le rodeó la cintura y la atrajo hacia sí he put his arms around her waist and drew her toward(s) him 1.4 (América Latina/Latin America) [ganado] to round up
- 2 (estar alrededor de) to surround las circunstancias que rodearon su muerte the circumstances surrounding his death un grupo de curiosos rodeaba el vehículo the vehicle was surrounded by a group of onlookers, a group of onlookers surrounded the vehicle el misterio que rodea sus actividades the mystery which surrounds their activities es muy querido por todos los que lo rodean everyone who works with him/knows him is very fond of him
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Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.