- 1 without lo tomo con leche y sin azúcar I take milk but no sugar reserva garantizada sin recargo guaranteed reservation at no extra cost seguimos sin noticias we still haven't had any news solicite más información sin compromiso send for more details without obligation sin previo aviso with no advance warning ¡tírate! ¡sin miedo! jump! don't be scared! ¿qué harías tú sin mí? what would you do without me? agua mineral sin gas still mineral water cerveza sin alcohol non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer una pareja sin hijos a couple with no children, a childless couple un vuelo sin escalas a non-stop o/or direct flight me quedé sin pan I ran out of bread se quedó sin trabajo he lost his job una persona totalmente sin escrúpulos a completely unscrupulous person
- 2 2.1sin +
infinitivo/infinitive(con significado activo) without -ingse fue sin pagar she left without paying lo mandaron a la cama sin cenar they sent him to bed without any dinner somos diez sin contarlos a ellos there are ten of us not counting them estuvo una semana entera sin hablarme she didn't speak to me for a whole week, she went a whole week without speaking to me sigo sin entender I still don't understand la pisé sin querer I accidentally trod on her foot 2.2sin + infinitivo/infinitive(con significado pasivo) una camisa sin planchar an unironed shirt, a shirt that hasn't/hadn't been ironed esto está aún sin terminar this still isn't finished
que+ subjuntivo/subjunctivelos días pasan sin que dé señales de vida the days go by and there is still no word from him, the days go by with no word from him o/or without any word from him no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta get it off him without his o/or without him noticing embargo
Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.