verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1.1 [dolores/molestias] to suffer; [persecución/exilio] to suffer sufre lesiones de gravedad he has serious injuries sufrió una grave enfermedad she had a serious illness 1.2 [derrota/castigo] to suffer; [cambio] to undergo sufrieron un accidente en el camino de descenso they had an accident on the way down había sufrido otro atentado en 1992 he had been the target of a previous attack in 1992, there had been a previous attempt on his life in 1992 nuestro ejército sufrió bajas importantes our army suffered serious losses el avión sufrió un retraso de dos horas the plane was two hours late el dólar sufrió un fuerte descenso the dollar suffered a sharp fall uno de los motores sufrió una avería one of the engines broke down ahora tendrás que sufrir las consecuencias now you'll have to suffer the consequences son los que más sufren la crisis económica they are the ones hardest hit by the economic crisis 1.3 (soportar) (en frases negativas/in negative sentences) to bear no puedo sufrir que se ría de mí I can't bear o/or stand him laughing at me, I can't bear o/or stand it when he laughs at me es que no puedo sufrirla I just can't bear o/or stand her
verbo intransitivo/intransitive verb
- to suffer murió de repente, sin sufrir she died suddenly, she didn't suffer está sufriendo mucho con los dolores she's suffering a great deal with the pain sufrir
dealgo to suffer fromsth sufre del hígado/los riñones she suffers from o/or has a liver/kidney complaint
Here is a selection of useful words and phrases you will need in real-life situations while you're visiting Spain and other Spanish-speaking countries...
Spain had three civil wars known as the guerras carlistas (1833-39, 1860, 1872-76). When Fernando VII died in 1833, he was succeeded not by his brother the Infante Don Carlos de Borbón, but by his daughter Isabel, under the regency of her mother María Cristina. This provoked a mainly northern-Spanish revolt, with local guerrillas pitted against the forces of the central government. The Carlist Wars were also a confrontation between conservative rural Catholic Spain, especially the Basque provinces and Aragón, led by the carlistas, and the progressive liberal urban middle classes allied with the army. Carlos died in 1855, but the carlistas, representing political and religious traditionalism, supported his descendants' claims until reconciliation in 1977 with King Juan Carlos.