Translation of superar in English:
verbo transitivo/transitive verb
- 1 1.1 (ser superior a, mayor que) to exceed, go beyond un éxito que supera todas las expectativas a success which goes beyond o exceeds o surpasses all expectations la realidad supera a la ficción fact o/or truth is stranger than fiction el horror de estas escenas supera todo lo imaginable the horror of these scenes goes beyond anything one could imagine nadie lo supera en experiencia ni habilidad nobody can surpass him in experience or skill, nobody can surpass his experience or skill nos superan en número they outnumber us supera en estatura a su hermano mayor he's taller than his elder brother supera en tres puntos la cifra de ayer it is three points higher than yesterday's figure, it surpasses yesterday's figure by three points 1.2 (mejorar) to beat logró superar su propio récord he managed to beat his own record ese método está totalmente superado that method has been completely superseded
- 2 2.1 (vencer, sobreponerse a) [timidez/dificultad/etapa] to overcome trata de superar estas diferencias try to overcome o/or get over these differences no ha logrado superar el trauma que le supuso el accidente he has not got(ten) over the trauma of the accident ya hemos superado la etapa más difícil we've already got(ten) through o/or over the most difficult stage hace tres meses que rompimos pero ya lo tengo superado we split up three months ago but I've got(ten) over it o/or I'm over it now 2.2 [formal] [examen/prueba] to pass
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Spain's 1978 Constitution granted areas of competence competencias to each of the autonomous regions it created. It also established that these could be modified by agreements, called estatutos de autonomía or just estatutos, between central government and each of the autonomous regions. The latter do not affect the competencias of central government which controls the army, etc. For example, Navarre, the Basque Country and Catalonia have their own police forces and health services, and collect taxes on behalf of central government. Navarre has its own civil law system, fueros, and can levy taxes which are different to those in the rest of Spain. In 2006, Andalusia, Valencia and Catalonia renegotiated their estatutos. The Catalan Estatut was particularly contentious.