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tener

Translation of tener in English:

verbo transitivo/transitive verb

El uso de 'got' en frases como 'I've got a new dress' está mucho más extendido en el inglés británico que en el americano. Este prefiere la forma 'I have a new dress'
  • 1 (poseer, disponer de) [dinero/trabajo/tiempo] to have ese ya lo tengo I already have that one, I've already got that one ¿tienen hijos? do they have any children?, have they got any children? tiene un sueldo muy bueno she earns a very good salary, she is on a very good salary no tenemos aceitunas we don't have any olives, we haven't got any olives no tenía bastante dinero I didn't have enough money no tengo a quién recurrir I have o/or I've got nobody to turn to tú no tienes idea de lo que fue you've no idea o/or you can't imagine what it was like aquí tienes al autor del delito here's o/or this is the culprit ¡ahí tienes! ¿ves cómo no se los puede dejar solos? there you are! you see how they can't be left on their own? ¿conque esas tenemos? so that's the way things are, is it? no tenerlas todas consigo [familiar/colloquial], no sé, no las tengo todas conmigo I don't know, I'm not entirely sure o I'm not a hundred percent sure o I'm not at all sure tenerla con algn (Cono Sur/Southern Cone) [familiar/colloquial] to have it in for sb [familiar/colloquial] tenerla con algo (Cono Sur/Southern Cone) [familiar/colloquial] to keep o/or go on about sth [familiar/colloquial]
  • 4 4.1 (señalando características, atributos) to have tiene los ojos castaños/el pelo largo she has o/or she's got brown eyes/long hair tiene mucho tacto/valor he's very tactful/brave tiene habilidad para esas cosas he's very good at that sort of thing tiene sus defectos he has o/or he's got his faults la habitación tiene mucha luz the room is very light o/or gets a lot of light tiene cuatro metros de largo por tres de ancho it is four meters long and three meters wide ¿cuánto tienes de cintura? what's your waist measurement? tiene mucho de su padre he's very much like his father, he takes after his fathertener algo de algo ¿y eso qué tiene de malo? and what's (so) bad about that? no tiene nada de extraño there's nothing strange about it le lleva 15 años — ¿y eso qué tiene? (América Latina/Latin America) [familiar/colloquial] she's 15 years older than he is — so what does that matter? 4.2 (expresando edad) ¿cuántos años tienes? how old are you? tengo cuarenta años I'm forty (years old) tengo edad para ser tu padre I'm old enough to be your father el televisor ya tiene muchos años the television set is very old 4.3 (con idea de posibilidad) no creo que tenga arreglo I don't think it can be fixed, I think it's beyond repair el problema no tiene solución there is no solution to the problem, the problem is insoluble
  • 8 (indicando estado, situación) (+ complemento/+ complement) el sofá tiene el tapizado sucio the upholstery on the sofa is dirty la mesa tiene una pata rota one of the table legs is broken tenía el suéter puesto al revés he had his sweater on back to front tengo las manos sucias my hands are dirty tenía los ojos cerrados she had her eyes closed tienes el cinturón desabrochado your belt's undone lo tengo escondido I have it hidden away ya lo tiene roto it's already broken o/or he's broken it already la tuvo engañada mucho tiempo he was cheating on her for a long time lo tiene dominado she has him under her thumb eso me tiene muy preocupada I'm very worried about that me tuvo escribiendo a máquina toda la tarde she had me typing all afternoon nos tuvo allí esperando una hora he kept us waiting there for an hour a la pobre la tienen de sirvienta they treat the poor girl like a maid tengo a la niña enferma my little girl's sick ¿en qué mano lo tengo? which hand is it in?
  • 9 (considerar)tener algo/a algn por algo se lo tiene por el mejor hospital del país it is supposed to be o/or it is considered (to be) the best hospital in the country lo tienen por buen cirujano he's held to be o/or he's considered (to be) a good surgeon siempre lo tuve por tímido I always thought he was shy ten por seguro que lo hará rest assured o/or you can be sure he'll do it

verbo auxiliar/auxiliary verb

  • 1 1.1 (expresando obligación, necesidad)tener que + infinitivo/infinitive tengo que terminarlo hoy I have to o/or I must finish it today tienes que comer más, estás muy delgada you must eat more, you're very thin no tienes más que apretar este botón all you have to do is press this button no tienes que estar allí hasta las nueve you don't have to be there until nine no tengo por qué darte cuentas a ti I don't have to explain anything to you, I don't owe you any explanations no tienes que comer tanto (no debes) you mustn't eat so much (no hace falta) you don't have to eat that much, there's no need to eat that much tendría que cambiarme, no puedo ir así I'd have to o I ought to o I should change, I can't go like this 1.2 (expresando propósito, recomendación)tener que + infinitivo/infinitive tenemos que ir a ver esa película we must go and see that movie tengo que hacer ejercicio I must get some exercise tienes que leerlo, es buenísimo you must read it, it's really good
  • 2 (expresando certeza)tener que + infinitivo/infinitive tiene que estar en este cajón it must be in this drawer tiene que haber sido él it must have been him tengo que haberlo dejado en casa I must have left it at home ¡tú tenías que ser! it had to be you, didn't it? ver2 1 9
  • 3 (con participio pasado) ¿tiene previsto asistir al congreso? do you plan to attend the conference? ya tenían planeada su estrategia they already had their strategy worked out tengo entendido que llega mañana I understand he's arriving tomorrow tiene ganado el afecto del público she has won the public's affection te tengo dicho que eso no me gusta I've told you before I don't like that teníamos pensado irnos el jueves we intended leaving on Thursday tiene bastante dinero ahorrado she has quite a lot of money saved up
  • 4 (América Latina/Latin America) (en expresiones de tiempo) cuatro años tenía sin verlo she hadn't seen him for four years tienen tres años de casados they've been married for three years

verbo pronominal/pronominal verb (tenerse)

  • 1 (sostenerse) no podía tenerse en pie he couldn't stand tiene un sueño que no se tiene [familiar/colloquial] he's out o/or dead on his feet [familiar/colloquial]
  • 2 (reflexivo/reflexive) (considerarse)tenerse por algo se tiene por muy inteligente he considers himself to be o/or he thinks he is very intelligent

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Word of the day cura
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Cultural fact of the day

In Mexican politics, a prospective party candidate for the presidency is called a tapado. Candidates traditionally emerge from within the party but their identity is not revealed until the candidate is officially declared: they remain tapados (hidden), thus arousing a great deal of speculation. Under the rule of the PRI - Partido Revolucionario Institucional, its candidate was virtually guaranteed to become president.